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Châtenay-Malabry (FR - 92290), May 08, 2023

EFITA newsletter / 1070 - European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment

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Avant l’informatique / Before computers


To have good harvests, use "Manon" fertilizers!

"Manon" is a popular feminine given name in the past.

VE DAY – 8 MAY 1945 (VE: Victory in Europe)


Charles III, Happy, peaceful and prosperous reign over one of the oldest democracies in our ever tumultuous world! Even if I do not really understand your role and I am pleased not to have a monarch “above” me… (GW)

Charles III Might Be King, But He’s Still The Dunce Of Wales To Me

King Charles III's longstanding opposition to genetic engineering is misguided and unconstructive. Genetic modification has long made products better, safer, and cheaper.

Weekly newsletters about ICT in Agriculture in English and French
Both newsletters have around 5000 subscribers.

>>> Last weekly EFITA Newsletters in English (created in 1999) Efita Newsletters

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Souvenir of a not so distant past in Brittany: Old Breton woman smoking pipe

01 - 08/05/2023

About ChatGTP… What the Future of Automation in Agriculture Might Look Like? By Jan Johnson, Millennium Research, March 7, 2023, in Growing Produce

Paul: In the latest issue of EFITA that I have just received, the above question is asked and the answer can be read on the
Global AG Tech Initiative site

An answer that really left me hungry; so, I asked ChatGPT what they thought about it

Q. What the Future of Automation in Agriculture Might Look Like?

Réponse de ChatGPT / ChatGPT Answer

The future of automation in agriculture is likely to be transformative, with the potential to increase productivity, reduce costs, and address the challenges of food security and sustainability. Here are some possible scenarios of what the future of automation in agriculture might look like:
Autonomous vehicles: We are already seeing the use of autonomous vehicles in agriculture, such as drones and tractors. In the future, we may see the development of more advanced and sophisticated autonomous vehicles that can perform a range of tasks, such as planting, harvesting, and monitoring crops.

Precision agriculture: Precision agriculture involves the use of sensors, data analytics, and automation technologies to optimize crop yields and reduce waste. This could include automated irrigation systems, crop monitoring systems that use machine learning algorithms to detect crop stress, and automated pest management systems.

Robotic harvesting: Robotic harvesting technologies are already being used in some crops, such as strawberries and lettuce. In the future, we may see the development of robots that can harvest a wider range of crops, such as apples, oranges, and grapes.

Vertical farming: Vertical farming involves growing crops in stacked layers, using artificial lighting and climate control systems to optimize growing conditions. This could be combined with automation technologies, such as robotic planting and harvesting, to create highly efficient and productive farming systems.

Agricultural drones: Drones can be used for a range of agricultural applications, including crop monitoring, aerial surveys, and spraying pesticides. In the future, we may see the development of more advanced drones that can perform a wider range of tasks, such as planting and harvesting crops.

Overall, the future of automation in agriculture is likely to be highly disruptive, with the potential to transform the way we produce and consume food. While there are potential risks and challenges associated with this technology, such as job displacement and environmental impacts, the benefits could be significant in terms of increased productivity, reduced costs, and improved sustainability.

Paul: This answer is well constructed and very didactic. So, I insisted on digging a little deeper.

Q.: Among these five possible evolutions - Autonomous vehicles, Precision agriculture, Robotic harvesting, Vertical farming, Agricultural drones - some are the most advanced, the most widespread

Réponse de ChatGPT / ChatGPT Answer

Currently, all five of these possible evolutions are being developed and used to varying degrees in agriculture, but some are more advanced and widespread than others.

Precision agriculture is currently one of the most advanced and widespread forms of agricultural automation. It involves the use of sensors, data analytics, and automation technologies to optimize crop yields and reduce waste. Farmers are using precision agriculture techniques to improve the efficiency of crop management and reduce the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and water.

Autonomous vehicles, such as drones and tractors, are also becoming more common in agriculture. They are being used for a range of tasks, such as crop monitoring, mapping, and spraying. However, they are still relatively new technologies and their adoption is not yet widespread.

Robotic harvesting is being developed and used in some crops, such as strawberries and lettuce, but it is not yet widespread due to the high cost and complexity of the technology.

Vertical farming is a relatively new and emerging technology, but it is becoming more widespread in urban areas, where space for agriculture is limited. Vertical farms use artificial lighting and climate control systems to optimize growing conditions and can be combined with automation technologies for efficient and productive farming.

Agricultural drones are also becoming more common, especially for crop monitoring and aerial surveys. However, their use is limited by regulations and concerns over safety and privacy.

Overall, the adoption and use of these technologies varies depending on factors such as cost, complexity, and regulations. Precision agriculture is currently the most widespread and advanced form of agricultural automation, but other technologies such as autonomous vehicles and vertical farming are rapidly evolving and could become more common in the future.

Paul: What do you think? In the first answer, the 5 areas listed were already classified according to their state of advancement and penetration in agricultural practices.

I think well used, the A.I. is a very interesting tool for gathering ideas in an exhaustive way or even opening horizons... The A.I. explores a vast body of data to extract its essential marrow... But let's keep our critical mind because the A.I. is still very far from understanding the answer she gives you...

Contact: Paul JAMET
Mél / E-mail: paul.jamet(a)

Guy: thank you for this nice test of ChatGPT. ChatGPT's answer is interesting, well written, but not very original.

It lacks, but it is also the case in many articles or theses, this idea which is dear to me, which claims that the main motivation both of the mechanization of agriculture from its beginnings and of its robotization today, is above all to reduce the work arduousness , the productivity increase being only a side effect, certainly welcome but not essential.

With that in mind, it seems to me that cobots are very interesting. A cobot or "collaborative robot" is an industrial robot designed to perform tasks in close interaction with the production team. It is intended to be lighter, easier to program and less expensive than conventional industrial robots

Paul: I share your thoughts... At the current stage of development, AI responses are standardized, without originality as you say, but they are "effective" because they are built from thousands of analyzed references, which gives them makes it possible to offer a quasi-exhaustiveness...

In addition, I asked the following question: Could you explain me what is a collaborative robot ie a cobot?

Réponse de ChatGPT / ChatGPT Answer

Sure! A collaborative robot, also known as a cobot, is a type of robot designed to work alongside human workers in a shared workspace. Unlike traditional industrial robots that are usually placed in cages or behind safety barriers to prevent any contact with humans, cobots are specifically designed to be safe for people to work alongside.

Cobots are equipped with sensors and other safety features that allow them to detect when a human worker is nearby and adjust their movements accordingly. They can also be programmed to perform a wide range of tasks, from simple pick-and-place operations to more complex assembly tasks.

Cobots are increasingly being used in manufacturing, healthcare, and other industries to improve productivity and efficiency while also reducing the risk of accidents or injuries. They are particularly useful for tasks that are repetitive or require a high degree of precision, freeing up human workers to focus on more complex and creative tasks.

Paul: You notice that the word arduousness is not used as such; but the answer contains "repetitive and physically demanding tasks". On the other hand, productivity and safety are well cited; it is true that the automotive industry uses many robots for painting, electrical welding, etc.

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

02 - 08/05/2023

How did we see the future yesterday??
See the incredible collection developed by Alain Fraval

Archives of our newsletters in French and English
Voir Afia
See Efita


The Week in AgriFoodTech: Canopy raises $60m to help forests, CropX nets $30m for farm management, AFN, by Jennifer Marston and Lucy Ngige

Why Farmers Business Network launched Norm, an AI advisor for farmers built on ChatGPT, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

It was only ever a matter of time before ChatGPT came for agriculture.

Generative AI has already infiltrated restaurants, ingredient development and other areas of agrifoodtech. Now, it’s providing agronomy advice to growers courtesy of Norm, the recently unveiled AI chatbot developed by Farmers Business Network (FBN).

Farmers registered on FBN can access Norm for free (for now) to access near-real-time information about farm equipment, planting times, soil health, and many other areas of farming.

How to implement digital agriculture, step-by-step, AFN, by guest contributor Marco Brini

Marco Brini is a digital agriculture expert, affiliated with renowned institutions such as ETH, ITU, and FAO. Currently a Digital Agriculture Expert at ETH – World Food System Center, he has also worked as a freelance consultant, CTO, and CEO-founder for various organizations, focusing on digital agriculture solutions, IoT technologies, and outdoor monitoring systems. Marco holds multiple patents in the field. He recently wrote a free digital book entitled ‘Implementing Digital Agriculture Step-by-Step,’ which he summarizes here.
Download the book for free here

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

03 - 08/05/2023

Edete offers high-tech alternative to spray and pray approach for artificial pollination, AFN, by Elaine Watson

Unlike almonds, which rely on honeybees for pollination, a dwindling and increasingly expensive resource, pistachio crops are pollinated by wind, which is both abundant and free-of-charge. So why are some growers turning to artificial pollination?

If the weather is optimal throughout the year, male and female pistachio trees bloom at the same time, and the wind successfully carries pollen from male to female plants, growers can expect a decent harvest, says Ed Surber, head of the US operation at Israeli agtech startup Edete Precision Technologies for Agriculture.

Put another way, he says, if all the stars align, Mother Nature doesn’t need any assistance. The problem is, she doesn’t always play ball.

Revol Greens CEO: ‘Customers don’t care what tech you have, they care if it’s a better product’, AFN, by Elaine Watson

The promise of a reliable supply of fresh, local produce with a pesticide-free positioning is alluring. But with controlled environment agriculture (CEA) startups dropping like flies, “jaundiced” investors are now laser-focused on models with proven unit economics and financial returns, Revol Greens CEO Michael Wainscott tells AFN on a tour of the firm’s vast hydroponic greenhouse in Tehachapi, California.

Plants, he observes, are not widgets that come out perfectly every time. Instead, they are living organisms that require careful handling, and investors that jumped into CEA with the hope of making a fast buck have got their fingers burned.

“People got so enamored with the shiny new toys and technology, that they forgot how efficient existing systems that they are trying to replace are. This is where the greenhouse market really blew it and why investors are a little bit jaundiced; these startups made it seem like you build a greenhouse and these plants come out like magic. But you can kill plants a million different ways.”

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

04 - 08/05/2023

Tevel named winner at World Ag Expo for advancing autonomous harvesting using flying robots, AFN, by Lucy Ngige

“Right now there’s just not enough pickers to harvest fruit on time and farmers are just bleeding money, losing revenues and profits due to this global labor shortage,” says Danielle Efargan from Tevel, an Israeli developer of autonomous flying fruit-picking robots currently serving the European and US markets.

Tevel recently made headlines after being recognized as one of the winners in the ‘Top-10 New Product‘ competition at the World Ag Expo in Tulare, California.

Tevel’s founder and CEO Yaniv Maor, who comes from a background in research and development, industrial defense and consumer markets spanning over 20 years, had the idea for the company after watching a documentary where young people were tasked to manually pick fruit. In just half a day, everyone quit because the task was too strenuous. Apart from the strain, such labor is often priced very low in the market and is scarce. Manual harvesting is also one of the major causes of food waste due to unnecessary bruising and is very time inefficient.

Milestones after Tevel’s raise in 2021 include securing $20 million from a pool of investors including AgFunder, for product validation, commercialization, and commencing operations in the US and Europe. The robot maker’s market entry strategy is to partner with ag machinery and harvesting solutions manufacturers and integrate its robots and ground computing software system into these harvesting machines.

> Test with Robot One from Pixelfarming at Dutch bulb grower
Pixelfarming Robotics demonstrated the Robot One at flower bulb grower and NPPL participant Stef Ruiter in Andijk (NH).

> Forecast Information: Using a GoPro camera to create forecast information
Bitwise Agronomy offers berry growers an AI tool that uses a GoPro camera to create accurate forecast information.

> Top 10 Ag Tech: Top 10 agri-tech organizations in the USA in 2023
Analytics Insight mentions the top 10 agri-tech Organizations for 2023.

> 7 AI supported 3-point linkage systems for selective weeding
Weeding tools are upgraded with cameras and AI to smart self-thinking tools with shares, tines, spray nozzles and even lasers.

> Glyphosate: How an EU glyphosate ban would affect farmers globally

> Future of herbicides: The future of herbicides: trends for use and more

> Hoeing: Austrian sideshift frame for hoeing machines up to 6 rows

> Herbicide-tolerant: Herbicide-tolerant barley offers growers more options

> Weeding: FarmWise launches next-generation weeding
How to VRA plant per plant with PWM-technology

> PWM-TECHNOLOGY: How to VRA plant per plant with PWM-technology
K.U.L.T. prepares hoeing machinery for robotic weed removal

> Hoeing: K.U.L.T.: hoeing machinery for robotic weed removal
Test drive with smooth self-propelled Agrifac Condor Vanguard

> Test drive: Test drive with self-propelled Agrifac Condor Vanguard

> ChatGPT: ‘How ChatGPT could change Farming fast (good and bad)’
One of the key developments in this field now is ChatGPT, a language model developed by OpenAI.

>PWM Technology: How to VRA plant per plant with PWM-technology
While more and more new field sprayers are equipped with PWM-technology, farmers can’t optimally benefit from it for their VRA applications yet.

> Potato disease: Breakthrough in fight against devastating potato disease
WUR researcher Daniel Moñino-López made with CRISPR/Cas plants resistant to late blight disease caused by Phytophthora infestans.

> Laser bots: Carbon Robotics bags $30m for weed control with autonomous laser bots
Carbon Robotics has raised a $30 million Series C for its precision weed-control system for speciality crops.

> Job opportunities: HMC Farms: ag tech is about making jobs better
HMC Farms believes that instead, innovation breeds new job opportunities and breathes fresh life into the industry.

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

05 - 08/05/2023

Global Tech Initiative

> Will We See Autonomous Vehicles on Farms?
While automatic vehicles are already on today's farms, it’s matter of time before this technology becomes widespread.

> Bosch BASF Smart Farming Is Now ONE SMART SPRAY
New global brand name supports commercialization activities and recognizes a unique market offer for the smart spraying of herbicides.

> Autonomous Robotics in Agriculture Prompt Safety Initiatives at the University of Illinois
As new technological innovations in agriculture continue to advance, it is critical to understand the safety implications of automated equipment.

>How Argitech Is Creating Better Opportunities for Indian Farmers
The growth of agtech entrepreneurs has made the ag ecosystem more advanced and robust, benefiting its most crucial stakeholder — Indian farmers.

> First AI Ag Advisor Provides Farmers With a Wide Array of Agronomic Intelligence
Farmers Business Network's new artificial intelligence Agronomic Advisor, Norm, is powered by Open AI's ChatGPT.

> Learn About the Women in Ag Tech Initiative at Tech Hub LIVE 2023
The group aims to provide women in agriculture technology with a platform to connect, engage, and build a community.

> Recognize the Innovators Transforming Agriculture: Submit Nomination by May 1
Nominate an outstanding individual for one of four CropLife Ag Tech Awards Of Excellence by May 1, 2023.

> Q1 2023 AgTech Venture Capital Investment and Exit Round Up
Despite the reduction in investment dollars, the number of deals continued to grow, says agtech investment expert Kyle Welborn.

> Urban Crop Solutions Ranked Fourth in Fast Company’s List of Most Innovative Companies
The only indoor farming company to be named in this category, UCS stood out for the launch of its PharmSpee platform.

> Wingtra Lands $22M Funding Round for Manufacturing Commercial Drones
Wingtra to accelerate growth with new funding round, management team, and product innovation.

> Following the 'Falling Dominos' in AgTech
From myriad new product launches to several mergers and acquisitions, there are many examples of the falling dominos in agtech today.

> Chia Network, SpaceKnow Collaborate to Secure Spatial Data and Analytics for AgroTech Industry
Blockchain and satellite technology innovation will unlock actionable intelligence, drive accuracy and transparency, and build trust in carbon credit programs.

> SVG Ventures | THRIVE Launches THRIVE Agrithon to Discover Sustainable Agrifood Tech Innovations
THRIVE Agrithon provides a platform for global innovators to solve sustainability challenges in agriculture.

> Gerbera Harvesting Robot Getting Closer to Reality
The harvesting robot originally developed by Wageningen University & Research (WUR) has improved significantly over the past year.

> Proagrica, Lexagri Form Crop Input Data Partnership for the Global Agriculture Industry
This new alliance between Proagrica and Lexagri will provide reference data coverage for the agriculture industry in over 90 countries.

It’s A Pretzel Party, by Chuck Dinerstein, April 26, 2023

There is nothing better than a crisp, crunchy, dare I add, slightly burnt pretzel – whole or in pieces. Add a bit of mustard, and we are set for the day. It is National Pretzel Day, time for a few pretzel factoids.

French huge public expenses / La dépense publique au plus haut par rapport aux autres pays de l’UE

01 - 08/05/2023

France pays 1.1% of its GDP more than the European average for pensions / La France paie 1,1 % de son PIB de plus que la moyenne européenne pour les retraites

02 - 08/05/2023

Female diseases underfounded in US and probably in France / Sous-financement des maladies affectant les femmes

03 - 08/05/2023

In China, better air but far from correct / En Chine, un air moins pollué mais encore trop

04 - 08/05/2023

High US solar costs high / Energie solaire encore couteuse aux USA

05 - 08/05/2023

A first thought for today

Oh, the comfort -- the inexpressible comfort of feeling safe with a person -- having neither to weigh thoughts nor measure words, but pouring them all right out, just as they are, chaff and grain together, certain that a faithful hand will take and sift them, keep what is worth keeping, and with the breath of kindness blow the rest away.
Dinah Maria Mulock CRAIK, poet and novelist (1826-1887)

A second thought for today

So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.
Emmanuel KANT, philosopher (1724-1804)

A third thought for today

Understanding a person does not mean condoning; it only means that one does not accuse him as if one were God or a judge placed above him.
Erich FROMM (2013), in “Man for Himself: An Inquiry Into the Psychology of Ethics”, p.243, Open Road Media

A fourth thought for today

History is all explained by geography.
Robert Penn WARREN, novelist and poet (1905-1989)

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

06 - 08/05/2023

Another warning about the AI apocalypse? I don’t buy it, by Ivana Bartoletti, The Guardian, May 3, 2023

Yes, there are sobering risks, but also potential for huge advances. We need to agree some global rules of the game.

AI tools like ChatGPT are everywhere. It is the combination of computational power and availability of data that has led to a surge in AI technology, but the reason models such as ChatGPT and Bard have made such a spectacular splash is that they have hit our own homes, with around 100 million people currently using them.

This has led to a very fraught public debate. It is predicted that a quarter of all jobs will be affected one way or another by AI and some companies are holding back on recruitment to see which jobs can be automated. Fears about AI can move markets, as we saw yesterday when Pearson shares tumbled over concerns that AI would disrupt its business. And, looming above the day-to-day debate are the sometimes apocalyptic warnings about the long-term dangers of AI technologies – often from loud and arguably authoritative voices belonging to executives and researchers who developed these technologies.
There is both excitement and fear about this technology. Apocalyptic scenarios of AI similar to those depicted in the Terminator films should not blind us to a more realistic and pragmatic vision that sees the good of AI and addresses the real risks. Rules of the game are necessary, and global agreements are vital if we want to move from somewhat mindless development of AI to responsible and democratised adoption of this new power.

Exclusive: OpenAI Used Kenyan Workers on Less Than $2 Per Hour to Make ChatGPT Less Toxic, by BY Billy Perrigo, January 18, 2023

ChatGPT was hailed as one of 2022’s most impressive technological innovations upon its release last November. The powerful artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot can generate text on almost any topic or theme, from a Shakespearean sonnet reimagined in the style of Megan Thee Stallion, to complex mathematical theorems described in language a 5 year old can understand. Within a week, it had more than a million users.

ChatGPT’s creator, OpenAI, is now reportedly in talks with investors to raise funds at a $29 billion valuation, including a potential $10 billion investment by Microsoft. That would make OpenAI, which was founded in San Francisco in 2015 with the aim of building superintelligent machines, one of the world’s most valuable AI companies.

But the success story is not one of Silicon Valley genius alone. In its quest to make ChatGPT less toxic, OpenAI used outsourced Kenyan laborers earning less than $2 per hour, a TIME investigation has found.
But the need for humans to label data for AI systems remains, at least for now. “They’re impressive, but ChatGPT and other generative models are not magic – they rely on massive supply chains of human labor and scraped data, much of which is unattributed and used without consent,” Andrew Strait, an AI ethicist, recently wrote on Twitter. “These are serious, foundational problems that I do not see OpenAI addressing.”

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

07 - 08/05/2023


Germany-based startup Agvolution has developed an AI system that draws on data from solar-powered sensors monitoring the microclimate around crops.

The devices measure temperature, humidity, radiation and soil moisture in the field, while algorithms use these insights to make precise recommendations about plant health and exactly how much water and fertilizer to use.

This can both boost yields and reduce wasted resources. The company says this can increase ecological and economic efficiency by up to 40%.

Address the growing urgency of fungal disease in crops, by Eva Stukenbrock & Sarah Gurr

More political and public awareness of the plight of the world’s crops when it comes to fungal disease is crucial to stave off a major threat to global food security.

From leaf rust in wheat to sheath blight in rice, most of the word’s worst crop diseases are caused by fungi. Fungi are resilient, adaptable survivors. And they have been helped along by modern monoculture farming methods and the overuse of antifungals. Rising temperatures and a growing population pile on further challenges. It is no longer enough to focus on clearing diseased crops, breeding plants for narrow resistance or spraying fungicides, argue evolutionary biologist Eva Stukenbrock and plant pathologist Sarah Gurr. “Much more awareness of the plight of the world’s crops as a result of fungal disease is needed, as is more government and private- sector investment in crop fungal research.”

Gazette de,
portail vitivinicole


Pivot Bio announces 2023 N-OVATOR program, an annual nitrogen credit program

Berkeley, Cal, - Pivot Bio, agriculture's leading nitrogen innovator, announces the results of its 2022 pilot and the 2023 expansion of N-OVATOR, the company's new program for validating on-farm synthetic fertilizer replacement. The Pivot Bio N-OVATOR program is designed to unite growers, who are reducing their on-farm emissions by using Pivot Bio's microbial nitrogen, with the corporations striving to decrease their Scope 3 emissions to reach net-zero.

In a 2022 N-OVATOR pilot, a subset of Pivot Bio's customers documented the unprecedented replacement of synthetic fertilizer with a new nitrogen source, Pivot Bio PROVEN® 40. On average, growers replaced 36 pounds of synthetic fertilizer per acre and maintained yield. Pilot participants signed affidavits verifying synthetic nitrogen was replaced on 725,000 acres, resulting in the avoidance of more than 80,000 MT of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)1. This is roughly equivalent to the annual electricity use for 15,500 homes. In total, N-OVATOR participants replaced nearly 12,000 tons of synthetic fertilizer, the largest reduction of its kind ever recorded.

Pivot Bio's microbes were used on more than 3 million acres of U.S. cropland in 2022 - 300% year-over-year growth for the second year in a row. If all 2022 Pivot Bio customers were part of the N-OVATOR program and confirmed similar replacements, we would see an annual avoidance of over 400,000 MT of CO2e or the equivalent of a 25-mile-long train full of coal.

FREE N100, a registered atmospheric nitrogen fixer (in France)

With the regulatory, economic, agronomic and climatic pressures, a need has arisen for a nitrogen source that not only meets the farmer's problems but also allows him to create added value.
FREE N100®, a soil probiotic, fixes atmospheric nitrogen and offers a third way of nitrogen nutrition to the plant.

Producing nitrogen fertilizer without carbon emissions, December 20, 2022

Most large-scale agricultural operations are possible only if the soil is fertilized with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. While phosphorus and potassium can be mined as salts, nitrogen fertilizer has to be produced laboriously from nitrogen in the air and hydrogen. And, the production of hydrogen is highly energy-intensive, currently requiring large quantities of natural gas or — as in China — coal. In addition to its carbon footprint, nitrogen fertilizer production is vulnerable to price shocks in the fossil fuels markets.

Paolo Gabrielli, the senior scientist at the Laboratory of Reliability and Risk Engineering at ETH Zurich, has collaborated with Lorenzo Rosa, principal investigator at Carnegie Institution for Science at Stanford, to investigate various carbon-neutral production methods for nitrogen fertilizer.

In a study published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, the two researchers conclude that a transition in nitrogen production is possible and that such a transition may also increase food security.

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Genetic Engineering Critic Vandana Shiva's Anti-Modernity Crusade Threatens The World's Poor, by Henry I. Miller, MS, MD and Drew L. Kershen, February 16, 2023

Her dishonest advocacy does incalculable damage to the most vulnerable.

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

08 - 08/05/2023

Less mergers and acquisitions (US) / Moins de fusions et acquisitions en bourse

06 - 08/05/2023

Paris Stock Market high / Le CAC 40 en forme (signe de confiance des investisseurs, dont les investisseurs étrangers, en l'économie du pays)

07 - 08/05/2023

Antifungals and fungicide resistant pathogens / De plus en plus de fongicides et de résistances aux fongicides (Source: Nature Newsletter)

08 - 08/05/2023

Needs for lithium high / Besoins de lithium en hausse

09 - 08/05/2023

How Floating Farms Are Helping Bangladesh Adapt to Climate Change, by Peter Yeung, April 27, 2023

The traditional practice of growing vegetables, fruits and spices on rafts is now a tool for farmers contending with extreme weather, floods and sea level rise.
Back in Barisal, the age-old cultivation of floating gardens is still bearing fruit. Mohammad Mohasin, who is teaching his three children how to farm, says that the gardens bring in up to 70,000 taka ($658) a month during the peak harvest season.
“It’s more profitable than other farms,” says Mohasin, as he gathers half a dozen thigh-sized green squashes from his buoyant field. “And cultivating them comes very naturally to us here in Bangladesh. It’s genetic.”

Investigation: There is no sixth mass extinction going on, by Anders Bolling, 25 Apr 2023

"We are entering a sixth mass extinction," says Paul Ehrlich in an interview with Warp News. He is not alone in believing this. But our investigation shows that is wrong. However, there is no shortage of problems with species extinction. But, by and large, we have now learned to manage them.

Agricultural land is growing slower than many think

Land used for agriculture has not by any means grown at the same pace as more food and more people. Since 1970, the Earth's population has increased by 122 percent, but during that time, the cultivated area has only become 8 percent larger. Food is being produced more and more efficiently.

"Yes, that number is very interesting. Not many people know about this."

Online Education Growing / Croissance de l'éducation en ligne

10 - 08/05/2023

US Liquids and gas production per hour worked by extraction ans support employees down / Diminution de la quantité de pétrole et gaz extraite par heure de travail

11 - 08/05/2023

Poland has changed beyond recognition – and so has its place in Europe’s pecking order, by Anna Gromada, 25 Apr 2023

When the iron curtain was swept away on that miraculous night of 9 November 1989, it exposed some of the deepest differences between geographical neighbours the world has ever recorded. The 13:1 GDP per capita gap between Poland and soon-to-be united Germany was twice that between the US and Mexico.
Like my sense of entitlement, my country has changed beyond recognition. Poland has experienced uninterrupted growth over three decades, the longest in European history. Its GDP has increased tenfold nominally, sixfold when corrected for the cost of living. It has a record low unemployment rate of 3%, lower infant mortality than Canada, higher female life expectancy than the US and less violent crime than the UK . And now you don’t get lost on Polish highways either.
Globally and locally, economic cooperation based on a centre-periphery division of labour is being challenged. When your assembly line grows in power, it starts coming up with its own Lego sets. China-US rivalry may soon be echoed in regional (and friendlier) miniatures, such as a Polish-German divide. As eastern Europe grows in power, it is questioning its role in the pecking order. The region has learned the hard way that if you are not at the negotiating table, you are on the menu.

Old Breton woman smoking pipe

09 - 08/05/2023

Dam fine work: record number of barrier removals helps restore rivers across Europe, by Graeme Green (Good news for ever more water floodings - GW)

More than 300 barriers were taken down last year, boosting the health of waterways and the wildlife they support, say experts.

Carbon dioxide removal: the tech that is polarising climate science, by Fiona Harvey, 25 Apr 2023

For some, CDR is crucial to staying below 1.5C. Others say it should not even be on the table. Why is it so controversial?

For some scientists, they are the inevitable next stage of staving off the existential threat of climate chaos. For others, they should not even be talked about.

Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies, which provide a means of sucking carbon out of the atmosphere, are one of the hottest areas of climate research, but also the most controversial.
John Kerry, the US special presidential envoy for climate, talked of his concerns. “Some scientists suggest that it’s possible there could be an overshoot [of global temperatures, beyond the limit of 1.5C above pre-industrial levels that governments are targeting] and you could clawback, so to speak; you have technologies and other things that allow you to come back.

“The danger with that, which alarms me the most and motivates me the most, is that according to the science, and the best scientists in the world, we may be at or past several tipping points that they have been warning us about for some time,” he said. “That’s the danger, the irreversibility.”

The former UK government chief scientific adviser Sir David King strenuously disagrees. He believes CDR of many kinds will be needed, along with the means to “repair” the climate, such as by refreezing the ice caps, because the world is almost certain to overshoot the global target limit of 1.5C above pre-industrial levels.
King acknowledges that some scientists have concerns about CDR, but he believes it is needed because of the failure to act before now. “[Those who object] are taking the exact position I took in 2015, when I was leading global negotiations for the UK,” he said. “But there is no time for messing about now.”

King, who is working with Cambridge University’s department of engineering to try to find ways of refreezing the Arctic, points out that the IPCC report found only a narrow opportunity for the world to limit heating to 1.5C, that relies on massive reductions in greenhouse gases in the next few years, which is unlikely to happen.

“The IPCC does not go nearly far enough on CDR,” he said. “I believe it is more than likely we will hit 1.5C by the end of the decade. It’s false thinking, that the IPCC is saying we can manage [to stay below that level] with reducing emissions. The carbon we have put up [in the atmosphere] will have to be removed. It may cost a fortune, but we have to recognise that the alternative is to lose our civilisation.”


Revealed: modern humans needed three tries – and 12,000 years – to colonise Europe, by Robin McKie, Sun 7 May 2023

Homo sapiens forced out Neanderthals between 54,000 and 42,000 years ago, according to controversial new research.

Souvenir of a not so distant past in Brittany: Old Breton woman smoking pipe

10 - 08/05/2023

The Simon Abundance Index (SAI)

The SAI is measured in time prices. To calculate a commodity’s time price, the nominal price of a commodity is divided by the average global nominal income per hour worked. Over the last 42 years, the average of the nominal prices of the Basic 50 commodities rose by 150 percent, while the average global nominal income per hour worked rose by 439.2 percent. That means that the time price of the Basic 50 commodities fell by a geometric average of 65.5 percent.

The personal resource abundance multiplier is calculated by dividing the average of the time prices of the Basic 50 commodities in 1980 by the average of the time prices of the Basic 50 commodities in 2022. The multiplier tells us how much more of a resource a person can get for the same hours of work between two points in time. Given that the average of the time prices of the Basic 50 commodities fell by 65.5 percent, the same number of hours of work that bought one unit in the basket of the Basic 50 commodities in 1980 bought 2.9 units in the same basket in 2022.

That means that personal resource abundance of the average inhabitant of the planet rose by 190 percent between 1980 and 2022. The compound annual growth rate in personal resource abundance amounted to 2.7 percent, implying that personal resource abundance doubled every 26 years.


Souvenir of a not so distant past in Brittany : Woman embroiderer

11 - 08/05/2023

The world has lost one-third of its forest, but an end of deforestation is possible, by Hannah Ritchie, February 09, 2021

Over the last 10,000 years the world has lost one-third of its forests. An area twice the size of the United States. Half occurred in the last century.

Our Word in Data: technological Change

Almost every development that we cover on Our World in Data is underpinned by some form of technological change.

Medical innovations contributed to the decline of child mortality and the improvements in life expectancy. The long-term decline of global poverty was primarily driven by increased productivity from technological change. Access to energy, electricity, sanitation, and clean water have transformed the lives of billions.

Emerging technologies are often expensive and therefore initially limited to the richest in society. A key part of technological progress is making these life-changing, and often life-saving, innovations affordable for everyone.

In many ways, technology has transformed our lives for the better. But these developments are not always positive: many of humanity’s largest threats — such as climate change, nuclear weapons, and potentially also artificial intelligence — are the result of technological advances. To mitigate these risks, good governance can be as important as the technology itself.

On our updated page, you can find all our data, visualizations, and writing on many of the most fundamental technological changes that have shaped our world.

Why did renewables become so cheap so fast?

For the world to transition to low-carbon electricity, energy from these sources needs to be cheaper than electricity from fossil fuels.

Fossil fuels dominate the global power supply because, until very recently, electricity from fossil fuels was far cheaper than from renewables. This has changed dramatically in the last decade. In most places in the world today, power from new renewables is cheaper than power from new fossil fuels.

The fundamental driver of this change is that renewable energy technologies follow learning curves, which means that with each doubling of their cumulative installed capacity, their price declines by the same fraction. The price of electricity from fossil fuel sources, on the other hand, does not follow a learning curve, meaning renewables will continue getting cheaper relative to fossil fuels.

This is an argument for large investments into scaling up renewable technologies now. Increasing installed capacity has the extremely important positive consequence that it drives down the price and thereby makes renewable energy sources more attractive, earlier.

Falling energy prices also mean that the real income of people rises. Investments to scale up energy production with cheap electric power from renewable sources are therefore not only an opportunity to reduce emissions, but also to achieve more economic growth — particularly for the poorest places in the world.

Dumbest kid?

A young boy enters a barber shop and the barber whispers to his customer, "This is the dumbest kid in the world. Watch while I prove it to you."

The barber puts a dollar bill in one hand and two quarters in the other, then calls the boy over and asks, "Which do you want, son?" The boy takes the quarters and leaves.

"What did I tell you?" said the barber. "That kid never learns!"

Later, when the customer leaves, he sees the same young boy coming out of the ice cream parlor.

"Hey, son! May I ask you a question? Why did you take the quarters instead of the dollar bill?"

The boy licked his cone and replied:

"Because the day I take the dollar the game is over!"


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