Efita Newsletter 1075, dated July 24, 2023

Efita Newsletter 1075, dated July 24, 2023
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Châtenay-Malabry (FR - 92290), July 24, 2023

EFITA newsletter / 1075 - European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment

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Before computers: Massey Ferguson 35


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Helping Herself, by Pierre-Édouard Frère (1819–1886)

01 - 24/07/2023

The Young Cook, by Pierre-Édouard Frère (1819–1886)

02 - 24/07/2023

I do not provide any longer you with the URLs of the papers that I discovered on the web. It is too much work! Please, use your favorite search engine to access the papers you are interested in.

There is still time to Register for Tech Hub LIVE! (It was possible when I prepared this newsletter, sorry!)
July 24-26 in Des Moines, Iowa
Don’t Miss Out on the Premier Event Advancing Tech-Enabled Agriculture this July 24-26 in Des Moines, Iowa. Grow your network, meet up with industry peers, and gain valuable insights that can bring immediate value to your business.

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More 2,000 participants and ag leaders will gather at the Salinas Sports Complex September 19-21 for an up-close look at ag robotic solutions in action.

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La Prière du soir (1857), by Pierre-Édouard Frère (1819–1886), Rijksmuseum Amsterdam

03 - 24/07/2023

La Petite Gouvernante (1857), by Pierre-Édouard Frère (1819–1886), Baltimore, Walters Art Museum

04 - 24/07/2023


> Setting drone spraying standards
Experts are working together to standardise the rules and guidelines regarding the construction and use of spray application drones.

> Honest Agtech: Dutch robot builder Honest AgTech declared bankrupt
Dutch robot builder Honest AgTech was declared bankrupt by the District Court of Noord-Holland, The Netherlands.

> Hightechair System: Twin fluid nozzle widens application windows on large UK farm
G.H Parker’s spraying, Agrifac’s HighTechAir system has proven invaluable in prolonging application windows.

> TuberSense: A nose for potato diseases: TuberSense enters advanced testing phases
B-hive Innovations, an innovative agri-tech business, has made significant progress in developing TuberSense.

> In-row weeders: Demonstration showcases the skills of new in-row weeders
A recent demonstration in The Netherlands showcased the capabilities of five smart in-row weeders.

> Drever 120: Swedish institute build tractor Drever 120 with battery swap system
The electric autonomous agriculture machine Drever 120 was shown during the Borgeby Fältdagar in Sweden.

> Sustainable agriculture: McKinsey & Company: sustainable agriculture at a crossroads
McKinsey & Company released new research revealing that sustainable agriculture practices offer a return on investment (ROI).

> Demonstration highlights the versatility of the brand-new Naïo Orio
Naïo showcased the market-ready version of their Orio autonomous implement carrier for the first time.

> John Deere: John Deere moves further in the field of autonomy
Several technologies has helped John Deere’s objective to develop a fully autonomous tractor and tillage system

> Tomato harvest robot: Tomato harvesting robot after upgrade ‘eight times faster’
Robot developer inaho Europe has developed a new version of its tomato harvesting robot.

> Electric loader: JCB launches zero emission 403E compact electric loader
JCB is introducing its first full electric wheeled loader with low noise and zero-emission operation.

> Spraying technology: Twin fluid nozzle widens application windows on large UK farm
G.H Parker’s spraying, Agrifac’s HighTechAir system has proven invaluable in prolonging application windows.

> TuberSense: A nose for potato diseases: TuberSense enters advanced testing phases
B-hive Innovations, an innovative agri-tech business, has made significant progress in developing TuberSense.

> Honest AGTECH: Dutch robot builder Honest AgTech declared bankrupt
Dutch robot builder Honest AgTech was declared bankrupt by the District Court of Noord-Holland, The Netherlands.

> Farmers unaware of the invaluable value of their collective data, by Geert Hekkert, Chief editor of Future Farming
In modern agriculture, data is considered the most valuable harvest of the future. The world’s largest data platforms for crop growers, Climate FieldView, Farmers Business Network (FBN), and GeoPard Agriculture, play a crucial role in collecting and analyzing this invaluable information, aiding farmers in making critical cultivation decisions. However, a vital question arises: who owns these digital fields, and to what extent can farmers trust the independence of these platforms?

One prominent player, Climate FieldView, is owned by the chemical giant Bayer. While this platform offers many benefits, farmers may wonder if the profit motives of a multinational corporation could influence the analyses or recommendations provided through FieldView, raising doubts about whether their data is being utilized solely for their benefit or for others.

>> Data platforms in private ownership better?
On the other hand, FBN and GeoPard Agriculture have no apparent ties to major corporations or suppliers (as far as we know). This allows farmers to place their trust in analyses that are solely focused on their advantage. However, we must not forget that even these platforms could eventually be acquired or go public, potentially compromising their independence.

>> A future where data serves farmers and not the other way around.
The farming community can address this challenge by striving for a cooperative approach to data ownership. Just like in the past, when cooperatives were formed for processing milk or sugar beets, a farmers’ data cooperative would act as a robust shield, protecting them from external influences while enabling them to collectively benefit from data analyses. Moreover, when third parties such as governments or suppliers seek insights from a portion of their collective data, farmers can decide whether they wish to share it and at what price, maintaining full transparency.

>> Masters of their digital virtual fields
In a world where data is the new gold, farmers must view themselves as masters of their digital virtual fields. The choice is theirs: do they sow trust and collaboration in a cooperative environment, or do they surrender their precious data to external parties with potentially conflicting interests? Let us remember that those who sow will ultimately reap.

> Test Isobus systems part 2: seeding with a prescription map, too difficult

> Test of Isobus systems part 1: evaluating basic functions on 7 tractor brands

> Want to know which tractor is best for precision farming?

> Stay hooked and read Part III of our big Isobus test next week with the final conclusions.
> An unbiased platform for precision agriculture

> Climate FieldView: the journey so far

> OneSoil: a handy free fieldmap and scouting app

> How the use of data promoted an average farmer to one of the best?

> Drones: Drones will fly for hours and carry much larger loads
Drones will significantly improve agriculture, leading Australian drone expert Paris Cockinos expects: “In 2014 a drone could fly for around 8 minutes. Today, a drone can fly 40 to 50 minutes. By 2030, they will fly for three to four hours, still using batteries.”

> Drones: Drones successfully deployed to deter geese on 1,000 hectares of grassland
Learn how drones are revolutionizing the prevention of crop damage caused by geese in a comprehensive trial.

> Tomato harvest robot: Tomato harvesting robot after upgrade ‘eight times faster’
Robot developer inaho Europe has developed a new version of its tomato harvesting robot.

>John Deere: John Deere moves further in the field of autonomy
Several technologies has helped John Deere’s objective to develop a fully autonomous tractor and tillage system

> Field robots: Demonstration highlights the versatility of the brand-new Naïo Orio
Naïo showcased the market-ready version of their Orio autonomous implement carrier for the first time.

>Electric loader: JCB launches zero emission 403E compact electric loader
JCB is introducing its first full electric wheeled loader with low noise and zero-emission operation.

> Test of Isobus systems part 1; evaluating basic functions on 7 tractor brands
As part of a big tractortest, we have tested the Isobus-systems on 7 tractor brands. We tested all functions.

> Smart farming: Exploring technological advancements in Australian and New Zealand Farms
Our Future Farming correspondent, Maxence, an expert in robotic and new agricultural technologies, embarks on a journey to Oceania to discover farmers utilizing cutting-edge technology such as robots and autonomous tractors.

> Tools & Data: OneSoil: a handy free fieldmap and scouting app
The OneSoil app gives you access to field maps and various field data based on satellite imagery.

> Weed/Pest control: European Commission prepares behind-the-Scenes extension of Glyphosate use
Recent documents released by environmental organization Pesticide Action Network (PAN Europe) have shed light on the European Commission's plans for a renewal of the approval of glyphosate.

> Field robots: An unbiased platform for precision agriculture
GeoPard Agriculture acts as an independent platform for precision agriculture. “That is probably the biggest difference with larger competitors in the market”, CEO Dmitry Dementiev points out. “We are unbiased.”

> Machinery: Claas reveals details of the brand new 650 hp Xerion 12.650
Claas expands its Xerion series with two new tractor models: the 12.590 and 12.650. These tractors feature a newly designed hood a powerful 15.6-liter Mercedes-Benz engine, paired with a CMatic continuously variable transmission.

> Machinery: USA equipment dealer implements AI for farmer service and support
Torgerson's, a prominent Case New Holland equipment dealer in the US, has partnered with AGvisorPRO Inc to enhance their maintenance and service operations using AI-driven technology.

> How drones make rock-picking more efficient
US company TerraClear uses drones to show farmers the exact location of rocks in their fields.

> Tech in focus: UK takes the lead in autonomous ag-operations with Introduction of Code of Practice
The United Kingdom has become the first country in Europe to implement a Code of Practice for the use of autonomous mobile machinery (AMM) in agriculture and horticulture.

> Field robots: German study identifies two field robots perfect for potato cultivation
German study: the best field robots available on the European market for potato cultivation are the Robotti LR and Robotti 150 D.

> Smart farming: New tool predicts crop yields in the southeast of the USA
Researchers have developed a computer model that forecasts yield for four key crops in the southeastern United States.

> Field robots: AgroIntelli Robotti utilizes camera technology for crop monitoring
The AgroIntelli Robotti 150D is equipped with an advanced camera system for precise hoeing and plant counting.

> Field robots: Kuhn to unveil multifunctional field robot at Agritechnica 2023
French machinery manufacturer Kuhn has announced its plans to launch their Karl field robot at Agritechnica 2023, scheduled to take place from November 12th to 18th in Germany.

> Tools & Data: Climate FieldView: the journey so far
Seven years after launch, Bayer’s data platform Climate FieldView is going strong, now available in 23 countries. It’s currently used on over 220 million subscribed acres in the US, Brazil, Canada, Argentina, Ukraine, South Africa, many European countries and beyond.

See futurefarming.com

Supper Time, by Pierre-Édouard Frère (1819–1886), Birmingham Museums Trust

05 - 24/07/2023

Réparateur de porcelaine (1871), by Pierre-Édouard Frère, musée d'Art d'Auckland

06 - 24/07/2023


>Technology Can Make Agriculture More Accessible to Young Farmers
The ag sector can make farming more accessible by encouraging remote learning, helping share industry knowledge, and broadening the reach of smart technology.

> Voices of Women in Ag Tech: Ambassador Profile on Carolyne Vowell
We bring you exclusive insights from our inspirational ambassadors and other women leading the way forward in ag tech.

> New Agtech Partnership Harnesses AI and Satellites to Enhance Grassland Farming From Space
A world-first technology breakthrough that could revolutionize grassland farming has been announced by Origin Digital and Aspia Space.

> Platform Ecosystems: Enabling Agriculture to Invert the Firm
The benefits of collaborating through data have become too valuable to ignore, says contributor Reinder Prins.

> Voices of Women in Ag Tech: Ambassador Profile on Hylon Kaufmann
We bring you exclusive insights from our inspirational ambassadors and other women leading the way forward in ag tech.

> SVG Ventures|THRIVE and NEC X Partner to Incubate Novel Solutions in Agrifood
The partnership aims to bridge the gap between agtech entrepreneurial ecosystems and NEC X's venture-building capabilities.

> GeoPard Agriculture and Eurasia Group Kazakhstan Form Strategic Partnership to Advance Precision Farming in Central Asia
Partnership aims to bring the new GeoPard Agriculture solution to the markets of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

> Tackling New Technology Part of the Territory for Pome Fruit Growers Today
Learn how three Michigan apple growers have experimented with various ag technologies still in development.

> Q2 2023 AgTech Venture Capital Investment and Exit Round Up
The number of AgTech startups that have raised venture capital has grown now for three straight quarters, according to market expert Kyle Welborn.

> Voices of Women in Ag Tech: Ambassador Profile on Patricia Stock
We bring you exclusive insights from our inspirational ambassadors and other women leading the way forward in ag tech.

> Platform Ecosystems: Enabling Agriculture to Invert the Firm
The benefits of collaborating through data have become too valuable to ignore, says contributor Reinder Prins.

> Aurea Imaging Launches World’s First Tractor-Mounted Sensor for Precision Orchard Management
Powered by AI and high-definition 3D computer vision, TMS Tree Scout helps fruit farmers optimize their orchards at the individual tree level.

See globalagtechinitiative.com

Gazette de vitisphere.com,
portail vitivinicole


NFT and Bitcoin down

01 - 24/07/2023

No newer funds

02 - 24/07/2023

No correlation between street troubles and stock market / economical activity (in France)

03 - 24/07/2023

Rare Earths Rise

04 - 24/07/2023

Circular Economy of Rare Earths

05 - 24/07/2023

Becoming Richer As Miami Mayor

06 - 24/07/2023

Richer Malaysia

07 - 24/07/2023

Bitcoin High and Low

08 - 24/07/2023

More US Business Failures

09 - 24/07/2023

Long Island Without Multifamily Units

10 - 24/07/2023


> Nestlé aims to transition 100,000 acres (around 40 km2) of its wheat supply chain to regen ag, by Jennifer Marston

> New climate commitments from food & agriculture corporates have ballooned. Here’s an updated list, by Jennifer Marston

> Founding a fintech startup for farmers with your husband: In conversation with Traive’s Aline Pezente, by Louisa Burwood-Taylor

> Meet the founder: PerPlant's Rasmus Emil Hansen on taking precision agriculture to the edge, by Jennifer Marston

See agfundernews.com

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A first thought for today
It has been said that a pretty face is a passport. But it's not, it's a visa, and it runs out fast.
Julie BURCHILL, writer and journalist (1959-)

A second thought for today

There is no greater fallacy than the belief that aims and purposes are one thing, while methods and tactics are another.
Emma GOLDMAN, social activist (1869-1940)

A third thought for today

I shall live badly if I do not write, and I shall write badly if I do not live.
Francoise SAGAN, playwright and novelist (1935-2004)

A fourth thought for today

Since when do we have to agree with people to defend them from injustice?
Lillian HELLMAN, playwright (1905-1984)

La Préparation du dîner (1858) ), by Pierre-Édouard Frère, Baltimore, Walters Art Museum

07 - 24/07/2023

La Petite Cuisinière (vers 1858), by Pierre-Édouard Frère, New York, Brooklyn Museum

08 - 24/07/2023

Fear Distraction: Corporate Europe Observatory, by By David Zaruk, March 6, 2023

One of the leading voices in the activist campaign against gene-edited seeds and agricultural technologies in general is Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO). In the last three years, they have released 26 reports or campaigns against agrotechnology. Their report, claiming that new plant breeding technologies were simply GMO 2.0, was widely cited in the 2018 campaign to get the Court of Justice of the European Union to rule that gene-edited innovations would have to fall under the EU’s restrictive 2001 GMO Directive.
See european-seed.com

Improving soil could keep world within 1.5C heating target, research suggests, by Fiona Harvey, Environment editor, 4 Jul 2023

Better farming techniques across the world could lead to storage of 31 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide a year, data shows.

Marginal improvements to agricultural soils around the world would store enough carbon to keep the world within 1.5C of global heating, new research suggests.

Farming techniques that improve long-term fertility and yields can also help to store more carbon in soils but are often ignored in favour of intensive techniques using large amounts of artificial fertiliser, much of it wasted, that can increase greenhouse gas emissions.

Using better farming techniques to store 1% more carbon in about half of the world’s agricultural soils would be enough to absorb about 31 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide a year, according to new data. That amount is not far off the 32 gigatonnes gap between current planned emissions reduction globally per year and the amount of carbon that must be cut by 2030 to stay within 1.5C.

The estimates were carried out by Jacqueline McGlade, the former chief scientist at the UN environment programme and former executive director of the European Environment Agency. She found that storing more carbon in the top 30cm of agricultural soils would be feasible in many regions where soils are currently degraded.
See theguardian.com

Sustainability: offshore floating wind farms, environmental benefits throughout the life cycle

A research paper by Politecnico di Milano in the international journal Sustainable Production and Consumption analyses a floating wind farm off the coast of Sicily.
See sciencedirect.com

What Could Go Right? 50+ animal comebacks, by Emma Varvaloucas

We are now seeing the results of conservation efforts to save endangered species.

It’s widely known that humans have negatively influenced animal populations, driving many species to extinction or near it. Though issues continue through today, our concern and energy around such activity differs greatly from our ancestors of even a century ago, when humans were hunting and fishing with complete abandon.

Since around the 70s, governments have given biodiversity protection more priority and NGOs dedicated to it have proliferated, leading to conservation efforts that have actually, in several instances, been successful. We also continue to discover new species—380 between 2021 and 2022—although many of them are endangered.

These success stories appear regularly in the news, although they can be hard to spot. Together, however, they lend evidence to the fact that species recovery is an ongoing, global project that we can expect we will only get better at.

Below, we have gathered all the “animal comeback” stories from the first six months of 2023. (There would have been more if we had included plants, as well as rewilding and river recovery stories.) All of these triumphs are hard-won, many are delicate, and one or two are too early to call. But they show that we are able, with the right focus, to turn back the clock.
The species’ status is included when it was noted by the original coverage.

>> Delisted?: Recent research shows that 26 Australian species—14 mammal, eight bird, two frog, one reptile, and one fish—no longer meet criteria to be listed as threatened. Their names are spectacular, including the greater bilby, burrowing bettong, eastern barred bandicoot, and sooty albatross. | The Guardian
Australians are rewilding rats—specifically, native bush rats that drive out another species of rat, the black rat, which is invasive. Bush rats aren’t endangered, but their successful reintroduction to a coastal reserve near Sydney Harbor paves the way for “riskier” ones. | Hakai
>> Critically endangered: The Victorian grassland earless dragon, last seen 50 years ago and feared extinct, has been refound. Its location is secret as the government prepares conservation efforts and sends out dragon-sniffing dogs to find more of them. | The Guardian

Seal-only zones—and the quiet of the COVID-19 lockdown—have helped seals return to Belgium, where they had disappeared as of 20 years ago. Unlike the red squirrels below, seals are not to be fed if seen! | Euronews.

Ecotourism and other solutions made in relationship with cattle ranchers have helped to grow jaguar populations. Jaguars would have died out if not for tourists, say Brazilian conservationists, because the ranchers were killing the animals for eating their cattle. | Mongabay
>> Vulnerable: The three-banded armadillo’s only defense is to roll itself up into a ball. That’s less than useful when it comes to protecting themselves against hunters, who simply scoop them up and sell them. But now their numbers are multiplying thanks to community involvement. | Mongabay

>> Critically endangered: Hunting drove Siamese crocodiles to the brink of extinction in the early 1990s. Fewer than 200 individuals were rediscovered in the early millennium, and since then, numbers have been growing due to poacher patrols and other conservation efforts, like a new wildlife reserve. | National Geographic
>> Endangered: The same folks managing the Siamese crocodile comeback, above, are also breeding royal turtles, which were thought to be extinct until 2000. The latest hatch bore 122 turtles. | The Phnom Penh Post.

>> Critically endangered: Predators like rodents and feral cats have likely prevented young Pink land iguanas, which live on the Galapagos Islands, from reaching adulthood. Hatchling and juvenile populations have just been discovered for the first time. | Popular Science
>> Vulnerable: Another Galapagos win: Darwin’s flycatchers, a bright orange bird, are down to just 15 breeding pairs. But 12 chicks were born this year, the first success since a conservation program began in 2018. | Euronews

Beavers are returning all over England, due to both official efforts and citizen conservationists, so-called “beaver bombers”—also known as “beaver black ops”—who are secretly (and illegally) reintroducing beavers to waterways. Beaver populations are now over a million, up from just over a thousand in 1902.

>> Highly endangered: The Finns are delighted to see a high number of Saimaa ringed seal pups born this year, the highest number since the Finnish wildlife service began tracking births. A ban on fishing nets is helping the seals recover. | YLE

Hong Kong
Overharvesting and lime dredging have destroyed oyster reefs, decimating oyster populations as well as those of several other species that live in these marine habitats. Groups in Hong Kong are working on restoring the reefs and creating new ones, making space for animals like the endangered horseshoe crab. | Mongabay

>> Endangered: More than 10,000 rural women—the “hargila army”—came together to save the Hargila stork through creative strategies, including convincing locals to turn it into a cultural symbol of the area. | The Guardian
The conservation of the world’s only Asiatic lion population, in Gujarat, India, has been so successful that the lions became overcrowded, and a court had to mandate some of them to be relocated elsewhere in India. | The Guardian
India is celebrating 50 years of Project Tiger, which began in the 70s but didn’t begin to bear fruit until after 2008. Now India is home to the world’s only stable and growing tiger population, with thousands of tigers across 53 reserves. | Christian Science Monitor

Endangered: In a global first, 500 baby zebra sharks will be released in Indonesia in order to bring back a “self-sustaining wild population.” There is no guarantee it will work, but hopes are high given the young sharks’ home, critically, is one where shark fishing is off-limits. | National Geographic

The demilitarized zone between North and South Korea is now surprisingly a wildlife sanctuary, where “38 percent of the endangered species of the Korean peninsula live,” in addition to hundreds of plant species. | BBC

Endangered: Egg stealers turned conservationists are being paid to find five species of sea turtle eggs and turn them over to a program that reburies them in protected areas. | Reuters
(The United Arab Emirates is also working on rescuing sea turtles.)

Portugal and Spain
After a parallel reintroduction program in the two countries, the Iberian lynx is “bounding toward recovery,” pulling rabbits along with it. | Biographic

It’s red versus grey in Scotland, where red squirrels were slowly being wiped out by their grey counterparts. Now the red squirrel population is “thriving,” and locals are encouraged to feed the red squirrels if they see them, to continue boosting their numbers. | BBC
The Saving Wildcats Project released four wildcat kittens into the wild this year, in a bid to save them from extinction. The plan is to eventually release 20 every year. This one can’t be counted as a success quite yet, though. | BBC

Only a few hundred, at best, West African lions remain. In a national park in Senegal, 29 of these lions are monitored closely. When one, Florence, disappeared, officials feared she may have been poached. Surprise! She had been caring for three newborn cubs, giving hope that the lion population will continue to expand. | The Guardian

>> Endangered: Elephants, rhinos, buffalos, and mountain gorillas are all steadily recovering after the government enacted conservation policies post-1980s. | Reuters

United States
>> Threatened: The Fender’s blue butterfly was thought extinct until 1989. Now it has the official OK from the US Fish and Wildlife Service to be classified as “threatened,” rather than “endangered.” Their numbers are now in the tens of thousands. | Statesmen Journal
>> Delisted: A sparrow (as well as four plant species) unique to San Clemente Island in California has been “delisted from protective status” by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The Navy, which manages the island, removed the goats that were destroying the ecosystem in the 1990s, paving the way for success. | KPBS
>> Endangered: Twenty-five years ago, the Mexican wolf was nearly extinct. Wolves raised in captivity were released for the first time into the wild in 1998, and today, the population is about 100 wolves short of reaching the goal that would move them from “endangered” to “threatened.” | Cronkite News
>> No longer endangered?: The US Fish and Wildlife Service is also considering removing the wood stork, which lives primarily in Florida, from the endangered list now that 10,000 breeding pairs have been counted. | NPR
>> Endangered: The blue whale population is now at 97 percent of their pre-whaling numbers! | One Green Planet
See theprogressnetwork.org

Government-issued wartime educational poster encouraging Americans to eat more cottage cheese in place of meat, 1917. Source: Smith Collection/Gado/Archive Photos


Cotton gene-editing could pave a new path for production

According to a Texas A&M AgriLife news release, the university’s novel cotton-gene editing project will focus on enhancing cotton plant resistance to insect pests — paving a way for plant protection. Using gene-editing technology, the researchers are working to remove a characteristic to make plants more resistant to pests, marking a giant leap in new methodologies designed to protect plants from insects and other threats.
See agdaily.com

European Commission set to propose an overhaul of rules for gene-edited crops, by Anthony King, 30 June 2023

A leaked document has revealed that the European Commission is set to recommend a radical rethink of how the EU regulates some genetically engineered crops. This would mean light or no regulation for gene-edited crops with DNA changes that could have occurred in nature.

The commission had previously concluded in 2021 that current EU legislation for new genomic techniques (NGTs) is not fit for purpose. Such techniques could reduce the use of pesticides on crops, allow crops to be better adapted for warmer climates or generate plants more resistant to pests and diseases.

EU regulations currently demand that plants with changes introduced by Crispr gene editing go through an onerous and expensive approval process. This places them on a par with genetically modified organisms (GMOs), which can contain genes introduced from entirely different organisms – transgenes.
Plant scientist Agnes Ricroch at the University of Paris-Saclay and French Academy of Agriculture in France, welcomed the proposal, pointing to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and its impact on food supply in Europe, as well as the need to adapt crops for new climate conditions. ‘We need to increase yields for wheat, corn, rapeseed, sunflower,’ she says. ‘NGTs can accelerate the process of breeding, though it will still take time.’

She notes that climate change is bringing new pests and diseases into Europe and farmers will need new crop varieties. She adds that the proposals would encourage plant scientists to innovate and perhaps launch biotech start-up companies.
See chemistryworld.com

Most ‘happiness hacks’ are unproven

Researchers looked at almost 500 happiness studies through a “post-replication-crisis lens” and found little solid evidence that three activities often recommended to boost mood — exercise, spending time in nature and meditating — actually do so. “The evidence just melts away when you actually look at it closely,” says psychologist and study leader Elizabeth Dunn.
There was better support for two other approaches to attaining happiness: expressing gratitude and pursuing more social interaction.
See wsj.com

Too expensive rents

11 - 24/07/2023

Successful Mexican Exportations To US

12 - 24/07/2023

Oil and Gaz in the Artic

13 - 24/07/2023

Heat pumps in Europe

14 - 24/07/2023

Inflation Under Control

15 - 24/07/2023

LGBT Rights

16 - 24/07/2023

Conspirationist vision of the World: You can always be more conspiratorial than your interlocutor

17 - 24/07/2023

More strikes, not only in France

18 - 24/07/2023

Declining Pays of Hollywood Writers

19 - 24/07/2023

Do you want rupees?

20- 24/07/2023

Le jour froid (1858), by Pierre-Édouard Frère Baltimore, Walters Art Museum

09 - 124/07/2023

La petite couturière, (1858), ), by Pierre-Édouard Frère Baltimore, Walters Art Museum.

10 - 24/07/2023

Dementia risk linked to protein imbalance

Abnormal levels of certain proteins — most of which have functions unrelated to the brain — could be an early hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. In a decades-long study of more than 10,000 people, unbalanced levels of 32 proteins during middle age were strongly associated with an elevated chance of developing dementia in later life.
Some of the proteins showed changes only in blood plasma but not in brain tissue, which suggests that “mechanisms below the neck could also play a role”, says neurologist Nicholas Seyfried.
See nature.com

AI could help to forecast extreme weather

Two algorithms have demonstrated the potential for artificial intelligence (AI) to make faster and more accurate weather forecasts.

 Pangu-Weather, trained on 39 years of weather data, can retrospectively predict global temperature, pressure and wind speed a week in advance. It’s 10,000 times faster and no less accurate than making predictions on the basis of an understanding of physics.
 NowcastNet combines deep-learning methods with physics equations to give local predictions of heavy rain up to three hours in advance. The meteorologists who tested NowcastNet judged it to be better in most cases than four leading ‘nowcasting’ systems.

AI could help make better weather prediction cheaper and more widely available, and could one day attempt other complex predictions, such as the spread of wildfire smoke. Human oversight will be key, note atmospheric scientists Imme Ebert-Uphoff and Kyle Hilburn in the Nature News & Views article: the systems can struggle with extreme events, which are more likely to occur in a changing climate.
See thedailybeast.com

A circular economy for rare-earth elements

The market for valuable rare-earth elements is “a ‘zero sum’ game, in which one nation’s or company’s gain is another’s loss”, write a group of environmental management and resource economics researchers. They propose rethinking the industry to meet the soaring demands of clean-energy technologies, without damaging the environment.
Policies and programmes need to encourage recycling, recovery and tracing of rare-earth elements, and the supply chain needs to be reworked to build “win–win alliances and a global circular economy”, they write.
See nature.com

Hunger, poverty and disease stalk India’s slum population as sustainable development goals ignored, by Ritwika Mitra, May 16, 2023
The New Delhi-based advocacy group Housing and Land Rights Network (HLRN) documented that central and state governments demolished over 36,400 homes and evicted over two hundred thousand people across rural and urban India in 2021.

Preliminary findings of the HLRN between January to July 2022 showed over 25,800 homes were demolished, affecting at least affecting one hundred thousand people.

Dinesh Parmar from the Centre for Labour Research and Action which promotes workers’ rights in the informal sector, pointed out that every time there is a demolition, it sets back people.

“People have to reinvest in children’s education. Plus, they are always worried about what will happen if slums are demolished while they are at work.”

“Society pushes the workers to the fringes. They are unwanted in cities though their labor is exploited,” said Parmar, adding that those who come to the cities to work should not be driven out.
See allianceforscience.org

Connecting Japan’s Farmers to the World In Support of Sustainable Agriculture, by Shuichi Tokumoto, June 15, 2023

I want to be the most influential farmer in the world.

The first step is for me to become the most influential farmer in my native Japan.

As farmers, we are professional businessmen and women who produce the food our families, communities, and the world needs. To support my work as a Japanese farmer, I recently founded the Japan Biotech Crop Network. Our mission is to build a stable and sustainable supply of food and feed for our country while reducing the burden that agriculture puts on the environment. We will accomplish this through honest conversations about sound science and smart technology, leading to policy recommendations that serve the long-term interests of farmers and consumers.
See globalfarmernetwork.org

Russian Agricultural Power
21- 24/07/2023

Less inflation

22 - 24/07/2023

Not enough efficient sanctions against Iran

23 - 24/07/2023

Men Versus Women Pays

24 - 24/07/2023

No radiation at Fukushima

25 - 24/07/2023

US appetite for risk

26 - 24/07/2023

Hot Summer 2023 in USA

27 - 24/07/2023

Renewables 2022: China first

28- 24/07/2023

Rich and less rich US cities

29 - 24/07/2023

More retail vacancies in center districts

30 - 24/07/2023

Software is feeding the world
See “Software is Feeding the World” is a weekly newsletter about technology trends for Food/AgTech leaders

GHX from Syngenta

The straight up seed experience is here. GHX™ is a new way to buy seed that makes the whole experience easier.

You get a MaxScript™ recommendation for the right hybrids at the right population for one flat, per-acre price, service from an on-call team of experts, and no-premium risk assurance with our AgriClime™ weather protection offer.

All without the hassle of programs and deadlines that get in the way of a straight up, transparent experience.
See ghxseed.com

2923 Bayer Crop Science Innovation Summit: Towards Regenerative Ag

> Bayer Apocalyptic (???) Vision


> Bayer Commercial Perspectives


> Bayer and Regenerative Ag


See bayer.com

Clean Energy Technology Observatory, Heat pumps in the European Union (Status report on technology development, trends, value chains and markets: 2022)

There were almost 17 million heat pumps installed in Europe by the end of 2021. REPowerEU envisages a doubling of the pace of deployment, to install hydronic heat pumps in an additional 10 million buildings in the next five years, and 30 million by 2030. The average annual sales growth in Europe between 2019 and 2021 would achieve that target.

However, there are a number of barriers that might slow the rate of growth, such as availability of installers, and volatility in metals prices and semiconductors supply. The EU is a recognised technology leader, especially in ground-source heat pumps and larger heat pumps for the commercial and district heating and cooling segments.

This is also reflected in patenting trends, scientific publications, and public RD&I funding. The EU heat pumps sector is well positioned to benefit from increasing deployment, and from market trends such as the reduction of environmental impacts through regulations on ecodesign and F-gases.

However, in 2020, the EU trade balance turned from a surplus to a deficit for the first time. By 2021, the deficit had grown to EUR 390 million, from a surplus of EUR 202 million five years previously.

Rapid deployment will require increased EU manufacturing of heat pumps and components. Significant investments are already being made, totalling at least EUR 3.3 billion to 2025. Trends in turnover and employment are positive as well, with 318 800 direct and indirect jobs in 2020.

UK installations of heat pumps 10 times lower than in France, report finds, by Fiona Harvey, Environment editor, The Guardian, Mon 17 Jul 2023

Analysts call on government to make pumps mandatory for all new homes and scale up grants for installation in existing properties.

he UK is lagging far behind France and other EU countries in installing heat pumps, research has shown, with less than a tenth of the number of installations despite having similar markets.

Only 55,000 heat pumps were sold in the UK last year, compared with more than 620,000 in France. Twenty other European countries also had higher installation rates than the UK.
See theguardian.com

Population Growth

Population growth is one of the most important topics we cover at Our World in Data.

For most of human history, the global population was a tiny fraction of what it is today. Over the last few centuries, it has gone through an extraordinary change. In 1800, there were one billion people. Today, there are more than eight billion of us.

But after a period of very fast growth, demographers expect the world population to peak by the end of this century.

On our overhauled page, you will find all of our data, visualizations, and writing on population. This includes how populations are distributed worldwide, how this has changed, and what demographers expect for the future.

Economic Inequality

How are incomes and wealth distributed between people? Both within countries and across the world as a whole?

Inequality in many countries is very high and, in many cases, has been on the rise. Global economic inequality is vast, and compounded by overlapping inequalities in health, education, and many other dimensions.

But economic inequality is not rising everywhere. Within many countries, it has fallen or remained stable. And global inequality — after two centuries of increase — is now falling too.

The large differences we see across countries and over time are crucial. They show us that high and rising inequality is not inevitable, and that the extent of inequality today is something that we can change.

Human Rights and Women's Rights

Human rights are rights that all people have, regardless of their country, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, or any other trait.

Women’s rights are human rights that all women have. But in practice, these rights are often not protected to the same extent as the rights of men.

Among others, human rights include physical integrity rights, such as being free from violence and making choices over their own body; civil rights, such as freedom of religion; and political and economic rights, such as freedom of speech and owning property.

The protection of these rights allows people to live the lives they want and to thrive in them.

Human rights have become much more protected, but this varies a lot between countries. And not everyone enjoys the same protections: people are often marginalized because of their gender, sexuality, or ethnicity.

On our new pages, you will find all of our data, visualizations, and writing on how the protection of human rights and women's rights have changed over time, and how they differ across countries.

Diarrheal Diseases

Diarrheal diseases are among the most common causes of death, especially in children.

In 2019, around 1.5 million people died from diarrheal diseases — more than all violent deaths combined. Around half a million of these deaths were of children.

In recent decades, deaths from diarrheal diseases have fallen significantly across the world, as a result of public health interventions. But more progress is possible.

Diarrheal deaths are preventable because they are primarily caused by pathogens, whose spread can be easily controlled. By increasing global access to clean water and sanitation, oral rehydration treatment, and vaccination, this major cause of death can be reduced substantially.

Our overhauled page shows estimates of diarrheal death rates worldwide and the pathogens that cause them. We also offer data on access to public health measures and how those have changed.

Nuclear weapons: Why reducing the risk of nuclear war should be a key concern of our generation

The shockwave and heat that the detonation of a single nuclear weapon creates can end the lives of millions of people immediately.

But even larger is the devastation that would follow a nuclear war. The Earth would be blanketed by radioactive dust and thick smoke, blotting out the sun for years and freezing the planet. This global nuclear winter would cause a nuclear famine: the world’s food production would fail and billions of people would starve.

With such a grave risk to our entire civilization and future, much more work should — and can — be done to reduce the risk that humanity will ever fight such a war.

While nuclear stockpiles have been reduced, the risk of nuclear disaster remains intolerably high. Perhaps unknown to most, there have been an alarming number of “close call” instances that, either through accident or heightened tension, brought us closer to nuclear disaster.

In this article, we describe the risk from nuclear war and give an overview of the many close calls that have occurred. We discuss where we stand today and actions we can take to further reduce nuclear risk, from treaties to better public understanding and global relations.

A poorly appreciated dog

A guy spots a sign outside a house that reads “Talking Dog for Sale.” Intrigued, he walks in.

“So what have you done with your life?” he asks the dog.

“I’ve led a very full life,” says the dog. “I lived in the Alps rescuing avalanche victims. Then I served my country in Iraq. And now I spend my days reading to the residents of a retirement home.”

The guy is flabbergasted. He asks the dog’s owner, “Why on earth would you want to get rid of an incredible dog like that?”

The owner says, “Because he’s a liar! He never did any of that!”


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Contact: Guy WAKSMAN
E-mail: guy.waksman(a)laposte.net

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