Efita Newsletter 1083, dated November 27, 2023

Efita Newsletter 1083, dated November 27, 2023
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Châtenay-Malabry (FR - 92290), November 27, 2023

EFITA newsletter / 1083 - European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment

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World Future Farming Forum

21 March 2024 - AMSTERDAM
Join us on March 21st 2024 as we gather visionaries, innovators and key opinion leaders in food and agriculture from all across the globe. At the World Future Farming we believe in bringing together the brightest minds from across the entire food chain to discuss the current challenges the food and ag sector is facing and how to tackles these collectively.

In a world with unprecedented challenges, we strongly believe a healthy food and agricultural industry are part of the solution in a lot of the current environmental and social goals.

We cover topics such as:

- Leaders in AgTech and tech
- Outlook from food producers and investors
- Tech in focus & regenerative agriculture

Whether you’re a seasoned expert an aspiring entrepreneur, investor, policy maker or simply passionate about shaping the future of food and ag, we invite you to the World Future Farming Forum and join us in leading the charge for change in the industry.
See futurefarming.com


July 29-31, 2024 - DES MOINES
Join us at the 4th annual Tech Hub LIVE Conference and Expo.
Explore the latest tech innovations and connect with industry stakeholders committed to leveraging the latest tech innovations for practical business advantages on the farm.
See techhublive.com

Old soviet joke

Ivanov applied to the Communist Party. The party committee conducts an interview.

"Comrade Ivanov, do you smoke?"

"Yes, I do a little."

"Do you know that comrade Lenin did not smoke and advised other communists not to smoke?"

"If comrade Lenin said so, I shall cease smoking."

"Do you drink?"

"Yes, a little."

"Comrade Lenin strongly condemned drunkenness."

"Then I shall cease drinking."

"Comrade Ivanov, what about women?"

"A little...."

"Do you know that comrade Lenin strongly condemned amoral behavior?"

"If comrade Lenin condemned, I shall not love them any longer."

"Comrade Ivanov, will you be ready to sacrifice your life for the Party?"

"Of course. Who needs such life?"

See johndclare.net

If you are grandparents, read

My grandmother’s support – and Creole cooking – helped me to love myself when I didn’t know how, by Margaret Wilkerson Sexton, 8 Nov 2023
See the guardian.com

If you still have your grandparents

Visiting your grandparents can help them live longer – and help you to live better, by Ellie Keel, 14 Nov 2023
See theguardian.com/

Before computers: Plowing during the WW2 at Loucrup (Hautes Pyrénées) / Avant l'informatique : Labour pendant la deuxième guerre mondiale à Loucrup (Hautes-Pyrénées)

Voir Loucrup


Weekly newsletters about ICT in Agriculture in English and French
Both newsletters have around 5000 subscribers.

>>> Last weekly EFITA Newsletters in English (created in 1999) Efita Newsletters

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>>> Statistics for the latest efita newsletter

>>> Latest issue of the afia newsletter

>>> Latest available satistics for the afia newsletter


> Future farming: Researchers see a future for agricultural solar parks, but also challenges
Solar parks and agriculture do not have to be placed on separate fields. It is possible to combine both functions on the same field.

> New Holland unveils giant combine harvester CR11 at Agritechnica
New Holland officially presented the CR11 combine harvester on Sunday, November 12. It is the new flagship of the machinery manufacturer.

> Digital services – McCormick has them all
A partnership with Agrirouter, the multi-format data exchange Cloud platform, has opened the door to wider-ranging digital services and solutions for McCormick users. Could we have imagined this 20 or even 10 years ago?

> Field robots: FarmDroid launches spot-application system
FarmDroid has launched a spot-application system for its FD20 robot. Originally, the FarmDroid FD20 was developed for organic farmers.

> Field robots: Premiere for modular Tipard 1800 field robot from Digital Workbench
The German engineering company Digital Workbench presents the Tipard 1800 field robot at the Agritechnica trade fair.

> Autonomous tractors: Autonomous AgriRobo Kubota M5 with CVT available only in Japan
The Japanese tractor manufacturer Kubota showcases a larger version of the autonomous AgriRobo at Agritechnica 2023.

> Regenerative farming: Carbon plough lives on in Lemken’s Koralin cultivator
Machinery manufacturer Lemken presents the Koralin cultivator as part of regenerative agriculture (carbon farming).

> Field robot: Kuhn’s autonomous robot tractor Karl live at Agritechnica
Here it is: Karl, the autonomous robot tractor from the French machinery manufacturer Kuhn.

> ANEDO, LACOS, and OSB connagtive present a future-proof ISOBUS terminal
ANEDO, LACOS, and OSB connagtive jointly present a pioneering and future-proof ISOBUS terminal at the Agritechnica.

> Photocontest: a glimpse into the technological transformation of agriculture
At Future Farming we invited our readers to capture the spirit of progress in agriculture through captivating photos.

> Indoor farming: a glimpse into the technological transformation of agriculture
A new book provides a review of the latest research in the development and application of plant factories with artificial lighting (PFALs).

> Test drive with the electric narrow-track tractor Fendt e107V
It's four years later than originally planned, but next year Fendt will finally start (limited) production of an electric narrow-track tractor. Future farming made a test drive.

> World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit in Dubai
Hosted alongside COP28, the summit presents a powerful platform to build a robust agri-tech ecosystem in the climate-stressed regions of the Middle East, Africa and South Asia. 

> Hydrogen-electricity: Indian Tafe presents tractors powered by hydrogen and electricity
The Indian tractor manufacturer Tafe displays two innovations at Agritechnica: an electric tractor and a hydrogen-powered tractor.

> Innovations DLG: DLG Agrifuture Concept Winner 2023 unveils promising innovations for farmers
The DLG (German Agricultural Society) has announced the winners of the prestigious DLG-Agrifuture Concept Winner award.

> Lovol tractors: Green and white Chinese Lovol tractors now with CVT at Agritechnica
At Agritechnica there are again green and white tractors from China. The name Arbos is no longer on the hood, but now it's Lovol.

> Spraying technology: Bayer is also working on a carried spot sprayer
The German company Bayer Crop Science took the opportunity at the Agritechnica trade fair to showcase a prototype of its spot sprayer.

> Autonomous tractors: Claas surprises with prototype autonomous Xerion tractor
The German machinery manufacturer Claas surprises visitors at Agritechnica 2023 with a prototype autonomous Xerion tractor.

> Autonomous tractors: Eidam Landtechnik showcases prototype autonomous tractor
The German machinery manufacturer Eidam Landtechnik is presenting a prototype of its autonomous tractor at Agritechnica 2023.

> Connectivity: Jacto steps forward to delivery connectivity to Brazilian farmers
Connectivity is a huge obstacle for Brazilian farms to climb the level of digital agriculture.

> Microspraying with UK’s SRC Tomv4 hits the target
Small Robot Company develop a robot system for monitoring, analysing and treating weeds, pests and diseases in maize and wheat crops.

> Fertilizer spreader: Giga Fertilizer Spreader Horsch Leeb Xeric 14FS
The German machinery manufacturer Horsch introduced a pneumatic fertilizer spreader with a working width of 48 meters and a hopper capacity of 14 cubic meters.

> Unmanned tractors: ‘Machinery manufacturer must prepare for unmanned tractors’
Dutch arable farmer Gert Sterenborg in the north of the Netherlands has tested an unmanned autonomous Steyr tractor.

> Vision + Robotics: WUR Agro Food Robotics embarks as Vision + Robotics
The Agro Food Robotics programme at Dutch Wageningen University Research (WUR) has officially rebranded itself as 'Vision + Robotics.'

> Ag-Robot Buying Guide 2024 is out now, 60 field and harvest robots to choose from
For the fourth consecutive year, Future Farming magazine has compiled the most comprehensive overview of field and harvest robots for outdoor crop production.

> Weed control: Tensorfield eradicates weeds using heated vegetable oil
US startup Tensorfield Agriculture is pioneering the commercial adoption of thermal micro dosing for weed control in vegetable crops with its machine Jetty.

> Fertilizer technology: Giga Fertilizer Spreader Horsch Leeb Xeric 14FS
The German machinery manufacturer Horsch introduced a pneumatic fertilizer spreader with a working width of 48 meters and a hopper capacity of 14 cubic meters.

> Digital farming: Farmtopia – European project paving the way for Digital Farming accessible to all
Farmtopia, a Horizon Europe project running from September 2023 to August 2026, aims to democratise digital farming, focusing on small-scale farmers.

> Autonomy: AGCO’s vision for autonomy accelerates with FarmFacts acquisition
AGCO is taking next steps with the acquisition of FarmFacts' German data platform and the launch of AGCO Ventures.

> Weed control: MoonDino has wheels that also act as weeding tools
The ArvaTec MoonDino is able to autonomously carry out weeding and padding operations in rice fields.

> Field robots: Microspraying with UK’s SRC Tomv4 hits the target
Small Robot Company develop a robot system for monitoring, analysing and treating weeds, pests and diseases in maize and wheat crops.

See futurefarming.com

Les moissonneurs / The harvesters, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

01 - 27/11/2023

Au lavoir / At washfontain, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

02 - 27/11/2023

Global High Tech Initiative

> Bayer Collaboration with Microsoft Connects Farm Data to Address Lack of Data Interoperability
New connectors allow secure, compliant data exchange, enabling farmers to make better use of agricultural data

> Corteva Agriscience: Laser Focused on Innovation and Sustainability
Corteva Agriscience leverages data and technology to help farmers produce more with less.

> Raven: Advancing Agriculture Through Innovation
Embark on a journey of agricultural innovation with Raven. Through cutting-edge technology and unwavering commitment, Raven is propelling the industry forward. Discover how Raven is reshaping farming practices and ensuring sustainable food production for a rapidly growing world.

> What's Shaping Ag Equipment Trends in Key Global Markets?
Agrievolution leaders highlighted important equipment trends shaping the future of agriculture at Agritechnica.

> Pattern Ag, Stine Seed Form Partnership to Predict Corn Rootworm Pressure
The Stine Prescriptive Pathogen Report is designed to accurately predict and mitigate future risks associated with the devastating pest.

> AGCO Continues Technology Transformation to Become an Industry Leader in Smart Farming Solutions
Tech stack addition of FarmFacts Digital Assets and AGCO Ventures among next steps following joint venture with Trimble.

> Challenges and Expectations of European Agriculture at Agritechnica 2023
As the event is held during a turbulent time, questions persist for the sector. What investments are farms planning? What innovations are in demand?

> Naïo Technologies Launches Augmented Autonomy at Agritechnica
Augmented Autonomy, an innovation from Naïo Technologies, a leading company in agricultural robotics, enables their entire fleet of robots to operate autonomously, without a human operator. This results in significant time savings and increased efficiency.

> Topcon Expands Its Precision Technology Offering at Agritechnica 2023
“Topcon is dedicated to making precision technology accessible to farmers of all types and sizes, democratizing technology, ensuring that the benefits of productivity and efficiency reach a broad spectrum of farming operations,” said Antonio Marzia, senior vice president and general manager, EMEA and APAC, Topcon Agriculture.

> How Tecnoma’s ‘Localized’ Spraying Solution Works
Precision spraying is a major factor in ensuring optimum crop protection while protecting the environment. By spraying only weeds, you can avoid stressing healthy plants and guarantee yields, while limiting the use of plant protection products.
Tecnoma has worked with experts in drone and satellite image detection and capture, and has adapted its own control algorithm to incorporate the high-resolution maps produced. Areas of weeds in the rows are accurately detected by the sprayer for targeted weed control.

> Bayer Demonstrates Digital Technologies As a Key Enabler for Regenerative Agriculture
The company presented a comprehensive set of innovative solutions leveraging precision farming through data and AI at Agritechnica.

> Estonian AgTech Startup eAgronom Converts 200k Hectares into Sustainable Farmland to Support African Farmers
Through its carbon credit program and sustainability-increasing measures, eAgronom is improving the soil health of farms across Africa.

See globalagtechinitiative.com

Les glaneuses / The Tedders, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

03 - 27/11/2023

Jeune mère / Young mother, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

04 - 27/11/2023

Evolving Microsoft Azure Data Manager for Agriculture to Transform Data into Intuitive Insights

As AGRITECHNICA 2023 — the world’s leading trade fair for agricultural machinery — makes a triumphant return after nearly four years, over 450,000 attendees from 130 countries will come together to witness the latest and greatest agriculture innovations firsthand, according to Microsoft Azure. However, not all of these breakthrough innovations take up large exhibition spaces. Some are quietly revolutionizing the industry through data and analytics, equipping farmers with tools for smarter, data-driven decision-making.

These data-driven tools — including transformative AI that is reshaping industries — depend on clean, unified data. That’s why we announced Microsoft Azure Data Manager for Agriculture in March 2023, a data platform that leverages industry-specific data connectors and capabilities to connect and unify farm data from disparate sources. With Azure Data Manager for Agriculture, organizations can leverage high-quality datasets for digital agriculture solutions, allowing customers and partners to focus on product innovation rather than data management.
See globalagtechinitiative.com

Raven Event Offers a Glimpse of a Bright Ag Tech Future

Throughout its history, Raven Industries, has always prided itself on being not only a leader in existing ag technology, but an innovator of new technologies as well, writes Eric Sfiligoj at CropLife. Recently, both of these characteristics were on display as the company held its third annual Ignite Event for customers and visitors at its Sioux Falls, SD, headquarters and nearby research facility in Baltic, SD.

Paul Welbig, then-Director of Business Development, kicked off the meeting, explaining the company’s thought process behind Ignite. “We are coming out with new innovations all the time,” said Welbig. “What if we brought everybody together to share best practices and ideas?” The three-day gathering, held in mid-August, attracted 145 attendees, with many in attendance from the ag retail community.
See globalagtechinitiative.com

Gazette de vitisphere.com,
portail vitivinicole



4G Robotics raises $17.5m for autonomous mushroom harvesting robots​

- British Columbia, Canada-based TechBrew Robotics has rebranded to 4AG Robotics and raised $17.5 million in equity financing.
- The company has developed an autonomous harvesting robot it says can greatly alleviate labor challenges in the mushroom industry.
- BDC Capital’s Industrial Innovation Venture Fund and InBC Investment Corp. led the round with participation from Emmertech, Jim Richardson Family Office, Lex Capital, and “a series of angel investors from across Canada.”

Sean O’ Connor, CEO of 4AG, says mushroom harvesting is a task especially well-suited to automation.

“Unlike other crops, they grow at an astonishing rate (4% per hour) meaning if you’re behind on harvesting by a few hours, you can start to lose yield and quality as the mushroom bed overgrows,” he tells AgFunderNews.

Canada is the world’s eighth-largest producer of mushrooms, the vast majority of which are grown in Toronto and British Columbia.

But supply can struggle to keep up with demand thanks to labor challenges in the industry. Much of the industry’s labor relies on immigrant workers that are increasingly hard to come by thanks to new laws and restrictions in many countries including Canada.

“This problem is magnified by the fact that it’s difficult to find labor to harvest this crop as it’s high-skill,” says O’Connor. “It takes three to four months for a mushroom harvester to start being efficient on a farm in undesirable conditions (humid, dark, bending over all day, climbing up and down racks, etc.).”
See agfundernews.com

Aigen raises $12m to scale solar-powered autonomous robots to 20,000+ acres

- US-based Aigen Robotics has raised a $12 million Series A for its solar-powered, autonomous robots for agriculture.
- Australia VC ReGen Ventures led the round with participation from New Enterprise Associates, Cleveland Ave, Incite, and Susquehanna Private Equity Investments.
- Aigen will use the funding to scale its robotic fleet for a wide launch in the US in 2024.

“It was always part of our vision to not use fossil fuels as part of the energy source during the operation of the robot,” Aigen cofounder Kenny Lee tells AgFunderNews.

To avoid fossil fuels, Aigen has developed a solar-powered robotics platform equipped with sensors, cameras and software that monitors and manages plants in the field.

Its fleet will autonomously navigate the field, removing weeds via blades at the end of the robotic arms and deploying “advanced ML [machine learning] for precision strikes,” says Lee. Solar panels double as “sails,” helping the robot take advantage of any high winds on the farm.

Simultaneously, the robots analyzes the crops and provides farmers with data to assist growers in plant management decisions.
See agfundernews.com

John Deere’s Heraud looks back on 10 years of leading ag innovation — and what to expect in the next decade, by Jennifer Marston, November 17, 2023
Some of the most important developments within John Deere could be categorized in three areas.

The first category is our machine journey. Two examples are ExactEmerge planter technology and X9 combines. The ExactEmerge technology is designed to put seed into the ground at speed with pinpoint population and spacing accuracy. This technology has resulted in up to a 9% increase in grain yields, showcasing the direct benefits of sustainable practices. Leveraging the data collected using this technology, farmers can gain new insights and make better decisions year after year to grow more with less.

The X9 combine allows farmers to be more productive. The machine can harvest up to 30 acres an hour in wheat and up to 7,200 bushels an hour in high yielding corn. The technology on the combine can sense varying crop conditions and automatically adjusts the machines ground speed to maintain a consistent crop load. This helps farmers get more out of the machine’s capacity and improve grain quality.

The second area is our automation journey. See & Spray technology is a game-changer in our Leap Ambition journey, helping farmers reduce their non-residual herbicide use by more than two thirds and maintain a hit rate comparable to traditional spraying. This technology uses our integrated tech stack, letting farmers manage their production at the plant level. The result is fewer chemicals applied to places where they’re not necessary, in this case the soil, which can create an overall positive outcome for the farmer’s economics as well as the health of the soil, waterways, and biodiversity.

Another example in the automation journey is our Combine Advisor package on combines. Combine Advisor automatically adjusts the combine’s harvest settings to put higher quality grain in the tank and reduce the chance of grain loss. Cameras on the clean grain and tailings elevator help them make informed decisions on the crop that is flowing up and into the grain tank.

The third category is our digital journey. As these advanced machines pass through the field, vital sensor readings are being gathered in the John Deere Operations Center, enabling easy documentation and traceability of field practices, so farmers and their trusted advisors can easily evaluate productivity and agronomic outcomes.

See agfundernews.com

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Investment in data integration is crucial for companies in the agricultural supply chain, by Peter Leppan, November 20, 2023

Over the last decade, the agricultural industry has shown a strong willingness to embrace digital transformation. Significant advancements in technology and data have improved commercial performance and competitiveness in an ever-evolving market landscape. To date, digitization has been focused on the farm itself, but there is a growing emphasis on the wider agricultural supply chain.

The acceleration of transformation in agriculture
In recent years the global agriculture industry has experienced a near “perfect storm” of external events in a condensed timeframe, such as the pandemic, the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine and ever-increasing food demands. Because of this, we are seeing further acceleration of digital transformation and reassessment of processes as organizations strive to optimize their commercial performance and retain competitiveness.

Proagrica research has found that 100% of companies interviewed had started investing in the digitalization of internal workflows, including ERP systems, as well as external digital integration with customers and/ or suppliers. Most now recognize that this investment is crucial to not only their profitability and customer loyalty but also their competitiveness and indeed in some cases, survival.

Considering the above change in emphasis, the data-driven transformation of the agricultural supply chain is growing, but each organization consider take certain vital steps to begin with.

Critically, organizations must ensure that integrated digitization is the first of these. Without this, the more ambitious goal of connecting to the supply chain of the future will remain impossible.

>>> Removing data silos through integration is critical                  

The agriculture industry has undergone much consolidation in the recent past. Approximately 60% of the companies consulted for a Proagrica white paper have been involved in merger and acquisition activities over the past three years.

In light of this market consolidation, it is not uncommon to find organizations operating multiple operational processes at the same time. This leads to organizational and data silos. These silos can lead to a host of issues, including overstaffing, data errors, and delayed message transmission. Such issues can limit the potential of data to optimize the supply chain.

Data in these scenarios tends to stagnate within the confines of individual organizations. On top of this, market consolidation processes are usually complex, and organizations do not want this complexity to spread externally and have an impact on how easy it is to conduct business with them, and how they serve their customers.
See agfundernews.com

Les glaneuses / The tedders, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

05 - 27/11/2023

Le lavoir près de la Ferme d'Erlan / The washfountain near the Ferme d'Erlan, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)
06 - 27/11/2023

Crunch time for cultivated meat: ‘Probably 70-90% of players will fail in the next year’, by Elaine Watson, November 20, 2023

On paper, cultivated meat might seem like a no-brainer. Unlike plant-based options, which still don’t quite hit the spot for many consumers, it promises the allure of ‘real’ meat without the ethical and environmental baggage that comes with plundering our oceans and raising billions of sentient land animals for food.

In practice, however, there’s no playbook for biomanufacturing meat at scale. The funding environment has changed dramatically as investors have soured on alt proteins, and we don’t know whether consumers will pay a premium once the novelty wears off.

The media narrative around cultivated meat, which was universally positive a few years ago, has also changed dramatically over the past year: Articles about innovations in the space now compete with headlines about cancerous cells, greenwashing, vaporware, and business failures, against a backdrop of grim quarterly results from plant-based meat brand Beyond Meat.

So, can cultivated meat make the transition from a loss-making novelty served at a handful of high-end restaurants to a commercially viable alternative to animal agriculture?
See agfundernews.com

Recognizing the Triumph of Science in Space and Agriculture, by V. Ravichandran, August 24, 2023

India’s successful lunar landing this week is a proud moment for our country and a pivotal, positive moment for our farmers.

It offers important proof how far India has come and points to what we may yet attain—both in the heavens above and here on earth.

Remember the Apollo 11 moon landing in 1969. How can anyone forget such a great moment? Neil Armstrong’s quote still reverberates in my mind: “One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”

Many people around the world watched the event on their televisions, but not me. Those days, there were no televisions in India. We were listening to the status of the Apollo 11 space mission through radio news.

The launch of Chandrayaan-3 last month, by contrast, was televised throughout our country on all the channels as well as streamed on the internet. Millions of people are in awe of the technology behind the spacecraft and full of patriotic pride about India’s accomplishment.
See globalfarmernetwork.org

Au Jardin / At garden, Chartèves (Aisne), près de Mont-Saint-Père, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

07 - 27/11/2023

Avril / April, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

08 - 27/11/2023

Q&A with CEO of Verdant Robotics, Gabe Sibley, By Alex Gray, Published on November 22, 2023

Verdant Robotics seeks to expand its precision solutions to more crops.

Gabe Sibley, the CEO and cofounder of Verdant Robotics, is looking to make an immediate impact on the world through his work.

In 2018, Sibley and Curtis Garner launched Verdant Robotics, a Silicon Valley company developing precision spraying solutions. It brings an array of technologies together to apply inputs down to the millimeter level. This system uses multiple-view geometry, hyperspectral imaging, inertial sensors, light detection and ranging (lidar), kinematic sensors, and GPS when available.

Verdant’s service is currently available only for specialty row crop operations, but the company is running trials for corn and soybean applications in the Midwest, and units are available for purchase now.
See agriculture.com

In the 1920s, Americans used to wish for “a chicken for every pot” (and possibly a turkey for every table)

We’ve accomplished that goal and then some.

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. farmers produced over 8 times as much poultry in 2019 as in 1948.

Why Raise Backyard Poultry? 8 Undisputable Reasons Why You Should, By Sandra Yin- September 8, 2016

Raising Backyard poultry, a lovely farming hobby at our backyards.

If you are in Ghana, you will notice the raising of backyard chickens as a common trend in most households. Almost all farm households keep one type of animal basically for subsistence and chicken is the commonest of them. The practice of raising chickens in backyards hold some tremendous benefits beyond the obvious.
See nobowa.com

The rice crisis, by DigitalFoodLab

When we consider the future of food, we often focus on challenges related to the Western diet, such as meat production, food waste or labour shortages. However, half of the world’s population lives in Asia; if solutions are needed somewhere, it’s definitely there. Today, we’ll focus on under-discussed parts of the (Asian) food supply chain that should deserve more attention.
While many developing economies are adopting (mainly for the worse) such a diet, it doesn’t tell the whole story. And it often leads to forgetting one key ingredient: rice.

Rice is a staple food for more than half the world’s population (and 1/5 of the population depends on rice cultivation for its livelihood). There is no other single ingredient with such a huge importance.

However, rice faces many problems, mostly related to climate change. Indeed, to illustrate the danger of climate change on food (and vice versa), I often use the example of rice.

The impact of rice on the environment is enormous, and it’s not only emissions. It also consumes enormous amounts of water.

However, climate change has already had a severe impact on rice. As the number of heatwaves increases year after year, productivity decreases. India has banned some rice exports, which is creating a surge in prices (which has a devastating impact in Africa)

Did you know that rice contributes more to climate change regarding GHG than the aviation industry (2% vs. 2.5% of the world’s emissions)?

It’s partly due to how rice paddies are flooded (bacteria decomposing organic matter develops and releases methane).

However, the energy (and money) invested into hydrogen-fueled planes and carbon-neutral paddies are not quite comparable.

Solutions exist and include regenerative agriculture, better water management and crop selection. However, the challenge is often incentivising farmers to such practices and verifying their commitment. Some startups, such as CarbonFarm (which recently raised €2.5M), are specialising in this field, showing its importance for the planet and large companies in their overall emission reduction plans. I hope many new entrepreneurs will venture into this field (pun intended) with tech (notably advanced crops, bioinputs, etc.) and non-tech solutions.

Evidence-led GM crop regulation could help UK lead on tackling global food security and climate change risks, says Royal Society, 24 October 2023
- Examples of GM applications being developed in the UK and around the world:
- Pest and disease resistance – Late blight costs UK potato farmers around £50m a year in crop losses and fungicide treatments. The blight resistant variety of Maris Piper potato developed by The Sainsbury Laboratory contains genes from species in the same Solanum genus as domesticated potatoes and that are already deployed in the US. Other examples include insect resistant aubergines for Bangladesh and the Philippines, insect resistant cowpea in West Africa, tomatoes and potatoes resistant to viruses and bacterial wilt, and wheat resistant to stem rust.
- Improving yields and reducing fertiliser dependence – Researchers at the Crop Science Centre, Cambridge, are testing GM barley modified with genes from the leguminous plant, Medicago truncatula, that enhance access to soil nutrients through symbiotic association with soil fungi. This could help reduce applications of fertilisers and their environmental impacts on soil and river ecosystems.
- Adapting to environmental change – A drought resistant wheat variety, modified with a gene from sunflowers, was developed in Argentina and has been approved for cultivation in Brazil and certified safe for human consumption in Australia, Brazil, Columbia, New Zealand, Nigeria and the US.
- Removing heavy metals or explosive contaminants from soil – In a three-year field trial, the University of York’s Centre for Novel Agricultural Products, working with the US Department of Defence, demonstrated a genetically modified native grass species (Panicum virgatum) can effectively remediate soils contaminated with explosive residues.
See royalsociety.org

Glyphosate warning label unconstitutional, appeals court finds, 11/07/23, by Steve Davies

A label required by the state of California warning of glyphosate’s potential as a human carcinogen is unconstitutional, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals concluded in a decision that could aid Bayer in its ongoing legal battle over Roundup.
See agri-pulse.com

39 biotech experts’ open letter protests anti-GMO activist Vandana Shiva’s ‘anti-science’ talks at Stanford and UC Santa Cruz, January 14, 2020
See geneticliteracyproject.org

"Bad" Joke

Acceptance of homosexuality around the world / L'acceptation de l'homosexualité dans le monde

Marriage for all in the world / Le mariage pour tous dans le monde

Familial hypercholesterolemia: CRISPR gene editing shown to permanently lower high cholesterol, by Emily Mullin, wired.com - 11/15/2023

Folks with hereditary high cholesterol would be able avoid lifelong medication.
See arstechnica.com

The world’s first gene therapy for sickle cell disease has been approved in Britain, by Maria Cheng, November 16, 2023

Britain’s medicines regulator has authorized the world’s first gene therapy treatment for sickle cell disease, in a move that could offer relief to thousands of people with the crippling disease in the U.K.

In a statement Thursday, the Medicines and Healthcare Regulatory Agency said it approved Casgevy, the first medicine licensed using the gene editing tool CRISPR, which won its makers a Nobel prize in 2020.

The agency approved the treatment for patients with sickle cell disease and thalassemia who are 12 years old and over. Casgevy is made by Vertex Pharmaceuticals (Europe) Ltd. and CRISPR Therapeutics. To date, bone marrow transplants, extremely arduous procedures that come with very unpleasant side effects, have been the only long-lasting treatment.
See apnews.com

What do volcanoes have to do with climate change? (Source: Nasa)

Annually, human activities produce about 100 times the carbon dioxide (CO2) of Earth'volcanic eruptions.

Volcanic eruptions are often discussed in the context of climate change because they release CO2 and other gases into our atmosphere. However, the impact of human activities on the carbon cycle far exceeds that of all the world's volcanoes combined, by more than 100 times.

To put it in perspective, while volcanic eruptions do contribute to an increase in atmospheric CO2, human activities release an amount of CO2 equivalent to what a Mount St. Helens-sized eruption produces every 2.5 hours and a Mount Pinatubo-sized eruption twice daily.

The most significant eruptions come from super volcanoes like Yellowstone or Mount Toba, which erupt very rarely, about every 100,000 to 200,000 years or more. Yet, the total annual CO2 emissions from human activities are akin to one or more Yellowstone-sized super eruptions occurring every year.
In essence, CO2 emissions from human activities greatly surpass those from volcanoes.

Heat pump could transform air conditioning

A prototype air conditioner could do the job without the environmentally damaging refrigerants that the world uses now. Instead of alternately vaporizing a fluid and condensing it with a compressor, the device takes advantage of a ceramic with a strong ‘electrocaloric’ effect. Electrocaloric materials heat up when exposed to electric fields and cool down when the field is removed. More work needs to be done to get the prototype ready for commercialization, but the outcome could be a smaller, simpler and greener device.
See nature.com

The long-run decline in US traffic deaths

While there has been a spike in traffic fatalities during the pandemic, the long-run trend is still very impressive. In 2022, fatalities as a proportion of miles traveled was half of the number in the early 1980s, and 1/5 of the early 1950s

Annual US traffic fatalities per billion vehicle miles traveled (VMT) (red), per million people (orange), total annual deaths (light blue), VMT in 10s of billions (dark blue) and population in millions (teal), from 1921 to 2017

La faneuse / The tedder, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

09 - 27/11/2023

La ferme de Sombre / Farm at Sombre, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

10 - 27/11/2023

Lavandières au bord de la Marne / Washerwomen on the banks of the Marne River, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

11 - 27/11/2023

Laveuses au soir / Washerwomen in the evening, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

12 - 27/11/2023

Laveuses des bords de la Marne / Washerwomen from the banks of the Marne River, par Léon-Augustin Lhermitte (1844-1925)

13 - 27/11/2023

Most children die from preventable causes

To make progress against child mortality, we need to know what children are dying from.

In the chart, you can see global estimates from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2019. The size of each box corresponds to the number of children under five years old who die from each cause.

Infectious diseases, shown on the left, were most common, killing an estimated 2.17 million children annually. This includes respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, malaria and meningitis.

Next were birth disorders, such as preterm birth, neonatal asphyxia (suffocation), and trauma, which together caused an estimated 1.88 million deaths.

Several other causes, such as heart abnormalities and malnutrition, were also responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths.

These figures are astonishing because many of these causes are preventable. With vaccination, basic medication, rehydration treatment, nutrition supplementation, and neonatal healthcare, a large share of child deaths could be prevented.

On our new page, you can find all of our data, visualizations, and writing about child and infant mortality.

Many countries have decoupled economic growth from CO2 emissions — even if we take offshored production into account

Does reducing CO2 emissions mean sacrificing economic growth? Or can we “decouple” the two, by both growing the economy and reducing emissions?

The answer is yes: many countries have managed to achieve economic growth while reducing emissions.

You can see several examples in the chart: it shows the change in annual CO2 emissions and GDP per capita since 1990. In these countries, GDP has increased over the last 30 years while emissions have fallen. You can also see the data without per capita adjustments.

But is this all due to offshoring production overseas — transferring emissions to manufacturing economies such as China and India?

In the chart, we see that consumption-based CO2 emissions — which adjust for emissions from goods that are imported or exported — have also fallen. It’s true that some emissions have been offshored overseas, but that is not the only driver of the decline.

In this article, we describe the decoupling of economic growth and emissions and why it’s been possible.

Only a small share of plastic gets recycled

While we might think that much of the world’s plastic waste is recycled, only 9% is.

Half of the world’s plastic still goes straight to landfill. Another fifth is mismanaged – meaning it is not recycled, incinerated, or kept in sealed landfills – putting it at risk of being leaked into rivers, lakes, and the ocean.

This chart gives the breakdown of waste management strategies across regions.

Waste management varies greatly: incineration is high in Europe, while three-quarters of plastics in the United States go to landfills.


Children across the world receive very different amounts of quality learning

There are still significant inequalities in the amount of education children get across the world.

This can be measured as the total number of years that children spend in school. However, researchers can also adjust for the quality of education to estimate how many years of quality learning they receive. This is done using an indicator called “learning-adjusted years of schooling”.

On the map, you see vast differences across the world.

In many of the world’s poorest countries, children receive less than three years of learning-adjusted schooling. In most rich countries, this is more than 10 years.

Across most countries in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa – where the largest share of children live – the average years of quality schooling are less than 7.



Internet, by Hannah Ritchie, Edouard Mathieu, Max Roser and Esteban Ortiz-Ospina


The rise of social media, by Esteban Ortiz-Ospina, September 18, 2019

Social media sites are used by more than two-thirds of internet users. How has social media grown over time?


A Catholic priest, a Protestant pastor and a Jewish rabbi are playing poker

Now, this was back during the times of the German Empire when poker was highly illegal and the police was quite antisemitic. And as bad luck would have it, a raid happens.

They can get rid of the cards, but it's still kind of obvious what's going on.

"Confess! You have been playing poker!"

"Me?", said the priest, "No, I swear, by the Virgin Mary!"

Hmm. Ok, a priest swearing on the virgin, he can't arrest him.

"But you!"

"Me?", the pastor said, "No, I swear by our saviour Jesus Christ!"

Hmm. Can't arrest a pastor swearing on the Christ, but no matter what the Jew would swear on, he's due!

"So, Jew, what do you want to swear on?"

"Swear?", the Rabbi asks, "Why should I need to swear, do you think I played poker against myself?"

Gun violences in US cities down

01 - 27/11/2023

Too liberal or too conservative?

02 - 27/11/2023

China as largest methane emitter

03 - 27/11/2023

It would better to invest now to cope with climate change

04 - 27/11/2023

Anxious US consumers

05 - 27/11/2023

Cost of housing in NL

06 - 27/11/2023

America's Trust down among American people

07 - 27/11/2023

Incredible Donald

08 - 27/11/2023

More costly Credit Cards

09 - 27/11/2023

Profitable loosingweight enabler up

10 - 27/11/2023

Turkey Consumption Down

11 - 27/11/2023

Turkeys: today cheaper than yesterday

12 - 27/11/2023

Nitrogen fertilizers in Germany Down (-55% in 8 years)

13 - 27/11/2023

India attracts more investments than China

14 - 27/11/2023

BP Left Behind

15 - 27/11/2023

Artificial Diamond Down

16 - 27/11/2023

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Contact: Guy WAKSMAN
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