Efita Newsletter 1031, dated March 21, 2022

Efita Newsletter 1031, dated March 21, 2022
You can also view the message online

Châtenay-Malabry (FR - 92290), March 21, 2022

EFITA newsletter / 1031 - European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment

Do not miss the Virus Jokes in English and French

Blagues de janvier – février 2021
Coronavirus 1 
Coronavirus 3
Ant joke
Virus 1
Virus 3
Virus 5 
Histoires drôles de l'oncle Paul (Jamet)
Dernières histoires de Michel Gil-Antoli
Et encore... 
Et celles de mars-avril 2021
Special "Biblical studies"
Celles de juillet 2021 en français et en anglais, dont 17 sur le virus en bas de page)
Blague d'octobre 2021
Suite des blagues d'octobre 2021
Blagues de décembre 2021
(22 in English, 10 de P. Jamet)
Seconde vague 2022 de blagues
Coronavirus 2
Coronavirus 4
Virus et autres sujets
Virus 2
Virus 4
Virus 6
Histoires drôles de Georges Larroque

Les dernières histoires de Jean Pinon
Et encore

Tout sur le vaccin
Celles de mail 2021
Celles de juin 2021
Celles d'août

Celles de septembre
Le dico de Paul J.
Blagues de novembre 2021

Premières blagues de 2022

The informatique-agricole.org site now offers you the possibility of subscribing the RSS feeds of its two newsletters
See RSS feeds to implement to ensure that you continue to receive this newsletter

To unsubscribe this newsletter, please contact me directely: guy.waksman(a)laposte.net if this link Unsubscribe does not work.

Please note that I changed the presentation of the links that are embedded in the name of the web service.

page facebook

To correspond with me (GW), please use this address: guy.waksman(a)laposte.net

To subscribe the efita newsletter (please ask your friends and colleagues to test this link)
Efita Newsletters subscription

Before computers


Weekly newsletters about ICT in Agriculture in English and French
Both newsletters have around 14000 subscribers.

>>> Last weekly EFITA Newsletters in English (created in 1999) Efita Newsletters

>>> Last weekly AFIA Newsletters in French (created more than 20 years ago in 1997) Afia Newsletters

>>> Statistics for the last efita newsletter

>>> Last issue of the afia newsletter

>>> Last available satistics for the afia newsletter

World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit

March 22-23, 2022 - San Francisco
The World Agri-Tech Innovation Summit in San Francisco will gather global agri-food corporates, investors and technology start-ups from around the world to uncover the most exciting innovations in the agri-food sector and to forge the right partnerships to take those solutions to market.
See worldagritechusa.com

Tech Hub LIVE is Back By Popular Demand

July 20-21, 2022 - Indiana Convention Center - Indianapolis, Indiana Early bird registration available soon.
Presented by Tech Hub LIVE Conference and Expo

The future of the current competition over agricultural data, by G. Waksman & MF. Brizard, 18.3. 2022
See ueaa.info

Before glyphosate and the single-grain beet seeder: Pontoise, weeders in the fields, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


Investing in the Future: Securing the Promise of Precision Agriculture

CEO Johan van Zyl shares what YB AgTech looks for in a company before it invests, what impact those companies will have on ag, and how it tracks and measures success.
See precisionag.com

Fighting Food Waste in Australia: How Packaging and Machinery Are Tackling It Head-on

Here are some of the fascinating ideas that are being discussed in the packaging and processing machinery industry right now around managing food waste.
See precisionag.com

AGCO Finance Unveils Details of Its Climate Journey Campaign

AGCO Finance’s Climate Journey Campaign is part of its three-pillar sustainability framework.
See precisionag.com

Harvest at Eragny, 1901 (Detail), by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


How did we see the future yesterday??

See the incredible collection developed by Alain Fraval

Archives of our newsletters in French and English
Voir Afia
Voir Efita


War in Ukraine: explore our data and articles for context

We’ve brought together the Our World in Data resources that we think you might find useful for context on the war in Ukraine.

The page includes links to our data and articles on military spending and resources, war and conflict, nuclear weapons, peacekeeping, energy and natural resources, global food supplies, and migration.

Nuclear weapons: Why reducing the risk of nuclear war should be a key concern of our generation

The shockwave and heat that the detonation of a single nuclear weapon creates can end the lives of millions of people immediately.

But even larger is the devastation that would follow a nuclear war. The Earth would be blanketed by radioactive dust and thick smoke, blotting out the sun for years and freezing the planet. This global nuclear winter would cause a nuclear famine: the world’s food production would fail and billions of people would starve.

With such a grave risk to our entire civilization and future, much more work should — and can — be done to reduce the risk that humanity will ever fight such a war.

While nuclear stockpiles have been reduced, the risk of nuclear disaster remains intolerably high. Perhaps unknown to most, there have been an alarming number of “close call” instances that, either through accident or heightened tension, brought us closer to nuclear disaster.

In this article we describe the risk from nuclear war and the many close calls that have occurred. We discuss where we stand today and actions we can take to further reduce nuclear risk, from treaties to better public understanding and global relations.

Would you like to leave Russia? (Source Bloomberg Newsletter)


Russia Freedom score: very low (source Bloomberg Newsletter)


Wealth and Freedom: when the "Berlin Mauer" fell, all these countries had the same wealth (source Bloomberg Newsletter)


Putin Poor Ruble (source Bloomberg Newsletter)


I Have a Message for My Russian Friends, By Arnold Schwarzenegger

The strength and the heart of the Russian people have always inspired me. That is why I hope that you will let me tell you the truth about the war in Ukraine.
When I see babies being pulled out of ruins, I feel like I’m watching a documentary about the horrors of the Second World War, not the news of today. When my father arrived in Leningrad, he was all pumped up on the lies of his government. When he left Leningrad, he was broken physically and mentally. He spent the rest of his life in pain: pain from a broken back, pain from the shrapnel that always reminded him of those terrible years, pain from the guilt that he felt.

Russian soldiers already know much of this truth. You’ve seen it with your own eyes. I don’t want you to be broken like my father. This is not a war to defend Russia like your grandfathers and your great-grandfathers fought. This is an illegal war. Your lives, your limbs, and your futures are being sacrificed for a senseless war, condemned by the entire world. Remember that 11 million Russians have family connections to Ukraine. With every bullet that you shoot, you shoot a brother or a sister. Every bomb and every shell that falls is falling not on an enemy, but on a school or a hospital or a home.

I don’t think the Russian people are aware that such things are happening. So I urge the Russian people and the Russian soldiers in Ukraine to understand the propaganda and the disinformation that you are being told. I ask you to help me spread the truth so that your fellow Russians will know the human catastrophe that is happening in Ukraine. To President Putin, I say: You started this war. You’re leading this war. You can stop this war now.

And to the Russians who have been protesting on the streets against the invasion of Ukraine: The world has seen your bravery. We know that you have suffered the consequences of your courage. You have been arrested. You have been jailed and you’ve been beaten. You are my new heroes. You have the strength of Yury Petrovich Vlasov. You have the true heart of Russia.
See theatlantic.com

Preparing for Defeat, Francis Fukuyama, 10 Mar 2022

I’m writing this from Skopje, North Macedonia, where I’ve been for the last week teaching one of our Leadership Academy for Development courses. Following the Ukraine war is no different here in terms of available information, except that I’m in an adjacent time zone, and the fact that there is more support for Putin in the Balkans than in other parts of Europe. A lot of the latter is due to Serbia, and Serbia's hosting of Sputnik.

I’ll stick my neck out and make several prognostications:

1. Russia is heading for an outright defeat in Ukraine. Russian planning was incompetent, based on a flawed assumption that Ukrainians were favorable to Russia and that their military would collapse immediately following an invasion. Russian soldiers were evidently carrying dress uniforms for their victory parade in Kyiv rather than extra ammo and rations. Putin at this point has committed the bulk of his entire military to this operation—there are no vast reserves of forces he can call up to add to the battle. Russian troops are stuck outside various Ukrainian cities where they face huge supply problems and constant Ukrainian attacks.

2. The collapse of their position could be sudden and catastrophic, rather than happening slowly through a war of attrition. The army in the field will reach a point where it can neither be supplied nor withdrawn, and morale will vaporize. This is at least true in the north; the Russians are doing better in the south, but those positions would be hard to maintain if the north collapses.
There is no diplomatic solution to the war possible prior to this happening. There is no conceivable compromise that would be acceptable to both Russia and Ukraine given the losses they have taken at this point.

The United Nations Security Council has proven once again to be useless. The only helpful thing was the General Assembly vote, which helps to identify the world’s bad or prevaricating actors.

5. The Biden administration’s decisions not to declare a no-fly zone or help transfer Polish MiGs were both good ones; they've kept their heads during a very emotional time. It is much better to have the Ukrainians defeat the Russians on their own, depriving Moscow of the excuse that NATO attacked them, as well as avoiding all the obvious escalatory possibilities. The Polish MiGs in particular would not add much to Ukrainian capabilities. Much more important is a continuing supply of Javelins, Stingers, TB2s, medical supplies, comms equipment, and intel sharing. I assume that Ukrainian forces are already being vectored by NATO intelligence operating from outside Ukraine.

6. The cost that Ukraine is paying is enormous, of course. But the greatest damage is being done by rockets and artillery, which neither MiGs nor a no-fly zone can do much about. The only thing that will stop the slaughter is defeat of the Russian army on the ground.

7. Putin will not survive the defeat of his army. He gets support because he is perceived to be a strongman; what does he have to offer once he demonstrates incompetence and is stripped of his coercive power?

8. The invasion has already done huge damage to populists all over the world, who prior to the attack uniformly expressed sympathy for Putin. That includes Matteo Salvini, Jair Bolsonaro, Éric Zemmour, Marine Le Pen, Viktor Orbán, and of course Donald Trump. The politics of the war has exposed their openly authoritarian leanings.

9. The war to this point has been a good lesson for China. Like Russia, China has built up seemingly high-tech military forces in the past decade, but they have no combat experience. The miserable performance of the Russian air force would likely be replicated by the People’s Liberation Army Air Force, which similarly has no experience managing complex air operations. We may hope that the Chinese leadership will not delude itself as to its own capabilities the way the Russians did when contemplating a future move against Taiwan.

10. Hopefully Taiwan itself will wake up as to the need to prepare to fight as the Ukrainians have done, and restore conscription. Let’s not be prematurely defeatist.

11. Turkish drones will become bestsellers.

12. A Russian defeat will make possible a “new birth of freedom,” and get us out of our funk about the declining state of global democracy. The spirit of 1989 will live on, thanks to a bunch of brave Ukrainians.
See americanpurpose.com

Montfoucault village, peasant women carrying straw, 1875, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


SupPlant Raises $27M to Help Farmers Fight Climate Change

Funding will help accelerate its intention to digitally inform every irrigation recommendation on earth.
See precisionag.com

Sway AI Partners with Trilogy Networks to Enable AI Technology for Precision Farming

No-code automation AI company joins the Rural Cloud Initiative to deliver actionable data for U.S. farmers.
See precisionag.com

Harvest at Montfoucault village, 1876 (Detail), by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)



> Hands Free Farm: On the road to autonomous farming
As the ambitious Hands-Free project at Harper Adams University in England moves towards its last harvest, we look back at past achievements and follow the latest developments. With commercial robots now at work in a range of operations, we find out where research into autonomous operations will go next.

> Robot with IDS camera eliminates the need for herbicides
An intelligent robot has been developed to reduce the use of herbicides in agriculture. Through the use of a robust industrial camera from IDS, the robot has been enhanced further. Plant protection products are an integral part of today’s agriculture. They are intended to protect crops and keep out weeds and pests.

> Autonomous vehicles: Lemken and Krone jointly develop autonomous system
After passing trials in cultivating, ploughing, sowing, mowing, tedding and raking last year, Krone and Lemken’s Combined Powers concept is to be integrated into the two company’s forage harvesting and tillage systems.

> Tractors: Steyr shows hybrid tractor transmission
Austrian tractor manufacturer Steyr officially presented a new type of transmission. The company calls the drive train the Hybrid Drive Train concept. It owes the name to the partially electric drive. The transmission is a combination of an electric part and a mechanical part.

> Autonomous tractors: This is the strategy behind John Deere’s autonomous tractor
It’s been a little over two months since John Deere revealed its market ready autonomous 8R tractor series. Time to get a bit more into detail.

> Field Robots: INESC TEC, The external R&D department for robot developers
INESC TEC is an organisation who likes to refer to itself as an external R&D department for companies looking for robotic expertise and innovations. Portuguese INESC TEC is a non-profit organisation that wins projects and sells ideas and innovations to companies.

> Apps: Free app gives growers access to market data
StoneX Financial Inc. launched a free smartphone app aimed at agriculture producers in areas of row crops, livestock and dairy. The app allows them to market what they produce, manage their risk and maximise margins.

> Salin 247 puts autonomous electric planter to the test
The autonomous electric planter being developed by Salin 247 will undergo extensive testing this spring and summer. The machine will plant about eight fields of 20 to 50 acres each with corn and soybeans.

> Harvesting: Robotic solution to automate lettuce harvesting on its way
British agricultural technology and machinery experts are working with camera developer IDS to develop a robotic solution to automate lettuce harvesting.

> Spraying: John Deere enables targeted spraying on weeds
John Deere has introduced See & Spray Ultimate, a factory-installed system available for model year 2023 John Deere 410R, 412R, and 612R sprayers that enables targeted spraying of non-residual herbicide on weeds among corn, soybean, and cotton plants.

> Solar technology: Solar panels pull in water vapor to grow crops in the desert
Scientists in Saudi Arabia created a solar-driven system that successfully grows spinach by using water drawn from the air while producing electricity. The system, called WEC2P, is composed of a solar photovoltaic panel placed atop a layer of hydrogel, which is mounted on top of a large metal box to condense and collect water.

> Moisture sensors: Real-time soil moisture sensors to optimise planting success
The field crop yields that we depend on every year for our survival are in turn dependent on protection from diseases and pests, adequate precipitation, fertility – and to start it all off, high rates of seed germination and even plant stand emergence. New US-based technology is helping crop growers automatically ensure chances of germination are a high as possible.

> Expert opinion: Robots in agriculture: How to know if it is a good investment?
Agricultural robotics is a fascinating and fashionable subject. In the face of dangers threatening agriculture, robots show their utility and ambitions. But what is the reality? Should you invest in agricultural robotics? Here are 3 things to consider before deciding to purchase a robot.

> Special focus: Field Trials podcast – Solving the poor internet problem
In the second installment in Future Farming’s Field Trials podcast, Jesse Hirsh, technology strategist, futurist and livestock farmer details how people living in rural areas should not wait for large communication companies and governments to bring internet signals to their door.
See futurefarming.com

Shell, Merck Animal Health back regenerative agtech Vence for carbon & traceability capabilities, AFN, by Louisa Burwood-Taylor

Vence, a US startup that offers ‘virtual fencing’ for ranchers using regenerative ag practices, has secured funding from the venture arms of two major corporates: Merck & Co and oil and gas giant Shell.

Adding “a few million” dollars to Vence’s earlier $12 million Series A round, the deal will also see the San Diego-based startup partner with both investors to scale and improve its offering, according to CEO Frank Wooten.

Born in 2016, Vence fits wearable collars to cattle to help ranchers rotationally graze their herds without investing in physical fences – a major cost component for livestock farmers looking to transition to regenerative agriculture.

Rotational grazing – or holistic planned grazing – attempts to mimic the natural movement of herds across land whereby they frequently occupy and vacate new pasture, fertilizing and promoting grass growth on the ground they’ve just left and not over-grazing it. Research and real-life examples have shown these methods are able to regenerate grasslands, encourage the development of high-quality pasture, and sequester carbon from the atmosphere.

The last of these is of particular interest to Shell, for obvious reasons: the company has enormous Scope 1 and 3 emissions to offset under a target of being net-zero by 2050 or sooner.
See agfundernews.com

Sunshine after the rain, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


Tired of waiting for autonomous vehicles? Head to a farm, Associated Press, by Scott McFetridge

For years Americans have been told autonomous technology was improving and that driverless vehicles were just around the corner.

Finally they’re here, but to catch a glimpse of them, you’ll need to go to a farm rather than look along city streets.

Beginning this fall, green 14-ton tractors that can plow day or night with no one sitting in the cab, or even watching nearby, will come off the John Deere factory assembly line in Waterloo, Iowa, harkening the age of autonomous farming.

The development follows more than a decade-long effort by the world’s largest farm equipment manufacturer, and marks a milestone for automation advocates, who for years have been explaining why driverless cars aren’t quite ready for prime time.

“I’m glad to see they’re coming out and will stimulate the other technologies,” said Raj Rajkumar, a professor at Carnegie Mellon University and an expert in autonomous cars.
See apnews.com

Bezos Earth Fund pledges $17m to Colombia’s Future Seeds plant gene bank, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

The Bezos Earth Fund will invest $17 million in global food security-focused research partnership CGIAR‘s Future Seeds plant gene bank. The gene bank was inaugurated this week in Colombia to preserve plant biodiversity and support agricultural research. CIGAR’s Alliance of Biodiversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) will manage the new facility, which will also serve as an innovation hub for researchers.

>>> What is it?
The Future Seeds gene bank will preserve and safeguard crop varieties while also serving as an educational and innovation hub for researchers working to breed new varieties of crops and improve the productivity, resilience, and nutritional value of plants.

- The new facility provides 30% more storage than its predecessor, an older CIGAR gene bank that held tens of thousands of crop varieties.
- The Future Seeds collection includes more than 37,000 samples of beans from 114 countries; 6,000 cassava samples from 28 countries; and 22,600 samples of tropical forages such as grasses and trees from 75 countries.
- The entire global catalog is open source, patent-free, and funded by a mix of governments, multilateral organizations and foundations; plant genetic material is free of charge to researchers breeding new varieties of plants.

>>> So what?
CGIAR calls these gene banks, which store seeds, seedlings, and tissue containing genetic information, “critical to achieving food and nutrition security worldwide.” The new funds will support the gene bank and climate change mitigation science that emphasizes carbon sequestration using the roots systems of plants, according to CGIAR.

- Future Seeds is part of a larger network of 11 gene banks CGIAR runs globally.
- While these 11 gene banks contain only about 10% of the total number of accessions of germplasm currently held in gene banks, they account for 94% of the germplasm distributed within the guidelines of the “Plant Treaty” – an international agreement aimed at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the world’s plant genetic resources.
- Future Seeds is unique in this network in that it is not just a library for crop varieties but also an innovation hub that will leverage genomics, big data, robotics, drones, and AI to accelerate the development of climate-resilient crops.
See agfundernews.com

Picking Peas, 1880, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


Climate tech will become the next big VC thesis for Latin America, AFN, by guest contributors: Francisco Jardim & Marcella Falcão

Last month, SP Ventures announced its first ‘climate tech’ deal: leading Moss.Earth’s Series A round in a $10 million co-investment syndicate including Acre Venture Partners, Celo, The Craftory, and Jive Investments.

Climate tech is quickly becoming a mainstream venture investment category worldwide, but is still relatively misunderstood. What follows is a summary describing our understanding of this exciting new space.

Let’s start with the basics. Climate tech encompasses a broad range of segments representing the challenge of decarbonizing the global economy, with many countries and companies having set specific goals to reach net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050 while preparing businesses for the adverse effects of climate change.

Climate tech’s applications can be grouped into three broad sector-agnostic categories:

- Direct emissions mitigation or sequestration
- Adaptation to the impacts of climate change
- Enhancement of our ‘climate understanding’
See agfundernews.com

Peasants Resting,1881, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


SupPlant raises $27m to bring irrigation tech to climate-embattled farmers, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

Israeli irrigation tech startup SupPlant has raised $27 million for its platform that helps farmers optimize water usage and increase crop yields. Red Dot Capital Partners led the round. Menomadin Foundation, Smart-Agro Fund, Mivtach Shamir, Deshpande Foundation, PBFS, Boresight Capital and Maor Investments also participated.

In addition to expansion, funds will go towards building out the company’s new API developed for smallholder farmers around the world battling the impacts of climate change on crops.

>>> Rethinking irrigation
The SupPlant system collects data from on-farm sensors and creates real-time irrigation recommendations for growers based on that data. This can help farmers increase yields through optimized water usage, particularly in areas where water supply has been adversely impacted by climate change.

Sensors are placed on the ground, track, leaves, foot, and fruit of the plant. The system then collects measurement data on plant size every half-hour and sends it to farmers via a digital dashboard. Changes in plant size can signal when plants are under extreme stress from, for example, a heatwave or insufficient water supply. Armed with this information, farmers can be more proactive about providing plants the exact amount of water they need, when they need it.
See agfundernews.com

Woman and child at the well, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


Estimating excess mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic analysis of COVID-19-related mortality, 2020–21

Mortality statistics are fundamental to public health decision making. Mortality varies by time and location, and its measurement is affected by well-known biases that have been exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper aims to estimate excess mortality from the COVID-19 pandemic in 191 countries and territories, and 252 subnational units for selected countries, from Jan 1, 2020, to Dec 31, 2021.
See thelancet.com

Gazette de vitisphere.com,
portail vitivinicole


Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) Investment in Russia and China (Source Bloomberg Newsletter)


US Inflation (Source Bloomberg Newsletter)


US Pandemic Labor-Force Participation Decline (Source Bloomberg Newsletter)


The Efita newsletter is sponsored by:
page facebook

The Green Death: How the EU’s Farm2Famine Strategy will Affect a Post-Ukraine World, by RiskMonger on March 6, 2022

- Russia’s invasion of the Ukraine has led to a weak response in the West with useless selective sanctions.
- The loss of a large percentage of fertiliser production from the region will hurt global agriculture yields.
- The world’s breadbasket has been sealed shut to developing countries in need of affordable food imports.
- After a 20% spike in the FAO food price index in 2021, speculators are now causing a surge in prices.
- Faced with a global food security crisis, the European Commission is pushing forward with its Farm2Fork strategy knowing full well it will decimate EU farm yields and amplify vulnerability.
Postscript: What a Risk Manager Should Do
I have been told I should never end an article or a speech without hope or a positive outlook. So although I am indeed very dark in my present outlook, here are some recommendations of what risk managers should be doing:

- Impose real sanctions on Russia and prepare European populations for sacrifice. This would not only close all trade with Russia on all products, but also to impose similar sanctions on other countries and companies that still trade with the belligerent nation.
- Stop pre-permitting Putin to escalate his conquest. Talk of sanctions let Russia know Ukraine was for the taking. Yesterday (March 5) NATO declared they will not, in any way, get involved in the conflict. This has given Putin permission to use some of his more diabolical weapons of mass destruction on Ukrainian citizens with impunity.
- Ease the burden of increased food prices by supporting farmers to increase yields, reduce speculative opportunities and increase global trade. For the European Union, this may mean relaxing or scrapping the repressive 2001 GMO Directive. The world needs increased food stocks, not an affluent, unscientific ideology.
- And for God’s sake, abandon the ridiculous Farm2Fork strategy. This is not the time to impose a low-yielding elitist food choice on vulnerable, food-stressed regions. European farmers need the best technologies to increase yields and support those at risk of famine.
Slava Ukraini.
See risk-monger.com

Woman washing a pan, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)

Reasons to be cheerful: optimists live longer, says study, by Ian Sample Science editor, 7 Mar 2022

Those with a positive attitude to life may lower their anxiety levels by avoiding arguments

People who have a rosy outlook on the world may live healthier, longer lives because they have fewer stressful events to cope with, new research suggests.

Scientists found that while optimists reacted to, and recovered from, stressful situations in much the same way as pessimists, the optimists fared better emotionally because they had fewer stressful events in their daily lives.

How optimists minimise their dose of stress is unclear, but the researchers believe they either avoid arguments, lost keys, traffic jams and other irritations, or simply fail to perceive them as stressful in the first place.

Previous studies have found evidence that optimists live longer and healthier lives, but researchers do not fully understand why having a glass-half-full attitude might contribute to healthy ageing.
See theguardian.com

Fusion Power is Coming, by Robert Zubrin, 21 Feb 2022

On February 8th, scientists associated with the Joint European Torus (JET) fusion experimental facility located in Oxfordshire, UK, announced that they had achieved a sustained fusion reaction releasing 11 megawatts of thermonuclear fusion power burning a deuterium-tritium plasma mixture continuously for five seconds.

The heating power being applied to the plasma was slightly greater than the fusion power released. So while JET did not achieve the milestone of energy “breakeven,” it came very close. The power level of 11 MW was no more than the record that JET, which was built in the 1980s, set in 1997. But this time the burn lasted five times as long.

So three cheers for the JET team. But still, one must ask, why is a tokamak that began operating 35 years ago still the best in the world? Or more broadly, why has the progress developing fusion power been so slow?
See quillette.com

Study credits climate, not genetics, for bumper US corn crop, by Mark Lynas, January 26, 2022

Most of the maize yield improvements seen in the US corn belt state of Nebraska can be attributed to a more favorable climate, rather than improved crop genetics, a new scientific study has found.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal PNAS by researchers based at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, concluded that 48 percent of the yield gain seen over the 2005-2018 period came from better climate conditions, 39 percent from agronomic improvements and only 13 percent from improved genetic yield potential.
See allianceforscience.cornell.edu

Woman emptying a wheelbarrow, by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)


A man gets on a train

He’s going from Grand Central Station in New York City to Chicago. It’s a fairly lengthy train trip, which is a good thing, because he’s going there to deliver a lecture on Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, a book he hasn’t actually opened in the last 15 years.

So he gets onto the train, sits down, takes out his copy of The Phenomenology of Spirit, which he’s planning to review on this lengthy train ride, and as he’s doing this an older Jewish man comes in, excuses himself and sits down opposite.

For a while everything is fine. The man reads his book. Then, about half an hour outside New York, the old man leans back in his seat and looks up at the ceiling and says “Oy, am I thoisty!”

Fifteen seconds later, he does the same thing.

And then 15 seconds after that he does it again.

The guy with the Hegel book realizes this will go on as long as the other man is thirsty, so he sighs, marks his place in the book, gets up, walks down the corridor all the way to the end of the car where there’s one of those fountain things with Dixie cups, fills one, gets about ten steps back, thinks better of it, turns around, goes back, takes another Dixie cup and fills it too.

So he’s walking the aisle of this moving train, very gingerly trying to balance two full cone-shaped paper cups of water without spilling too much onto his suit. He gets back to his seat.

The old man hasn’t noticed anything. He’s just sitting there going, “Oy, am I thoisty!”

The professor hands the old man the cup. The old man takes the cup, his eyes shining with gratitude, and drains it. Before he can say anything, the professor gives him the other cup, and he drains that too.

The professor goes past him to his seat where he’s left his Hegel, picks up the book, opens to the marked page, reads about three words, and the old man goes, “Oy, was I thoisty!”


The distribution of this efita newsletter is sponsored by vitisphere.com

Please, contribute to the content of your efita newsletter, and advertise your events, new publications, new products and new project in this newsletter. Without your support, it will not survive!
Contact: Guy WAKSMAN
E-mail: guy.waksman(a)laposte.net

To read this newsletter on our web site
See Efita

The archives of this newsletter

See Efita

About the EFITA mailing list

You can use the efita moderated list (> 15000 subscribers) to announce any event / product / web site / joke (!) related to IT in agriculture, environment, food industry and rural areas.
If you want to subscribe a friend, please fill in his form.
If you do not wish to receive our messages, please fill in the following form...

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title="" rel=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>