Efita Newsletter 1074, dated July 03, 2023

Efita Newsletter 1074, dated July 03, 2023
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Châtenay-Malabry (FR - 92290), July 03, 2023

EFITA newsletter / 1074 - European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment

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Avant l’informatique / Before computers


Weekly newsletters about ICT in Agriculture in English and French
Both newsletters have around 5000 subscribers.

>>> Last weekly EFITA Newsletters in English (created in 1999) Efita Newsletters

>>> Last weekly AFIA Newsletters in French (created more than 20 years ago in 1997) Afia Newsletters

>>> Statistics for the latest efita newsletter

>>> Latest issue of the afia newsletter

>>> Latest available satistics for the afia newsletter

European Space Agency Call: connected agriculture

Activity: Kick-Start Activity
Opening date: 01-06-2023 - Closing date: 31-08-2023

The ESA call provides funding to European teams who would like to develop a service related to Connected Agriculture. Funding will be provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) for 6-month projects called ‘Kick-Starts’, which can lead to larger scale Demonstration Projects and Feasibility Studies. Kick-Starts are 75% funded by ESA for a maximum of €60K per contract. Proposed services must use satellite data or space-based technologies. Please see the ‘Authorisation of Funding’ section below to check whether your team is eligible for funding.
See business.esa.int

Until about the 1820s, agriculture was slowly changing / Jusque vers les années 1820, l'agriculture n'a pas beaucoup changé...


Contributions towards a sustainable and resilient agri-food system

Submission and Deadlines:
- Deadline for pre-registration of proposals: 20 July 2023 - 12:00h CEST
- Deadline for full proposal submission: 7 September 2023 - 12:00h CEST

The announcement of the 1st Green ERA-HUB Call has been published. The call will be on ‘Contributions towards a sustainable and resilient agri-food system’ and is applicable both for organic and conventional research.

ICT-AGRI-FOOD network is part of Green ERA Hub (GEH) initiative which brings together 15 international networks in the agri-food and biotechnology field. The GEH, also known as the "network of networks," began its activities in September 2022 and plans to launch three research calls covering various thematic areas. The first GEH call involves a funding network consisting of 18 funding bodies from 14 countries: Belgium, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Spain, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and Uruguay.

In accordance with the Call scope proposals must address one of the following four topics:

Topic 1: Enhance fertilizer efficiency and reduce fertilizer use

Topic 2: Increase European protein self-sufficiency

Topic 3: Mitigate GHG emissions in agricultural and food system

Topic 4: Sustainable energy use and production in agri-food systems

Proposed projects can include approaches for organic farming and/or food as well as conventional approaches. For more details regarding the time-frame and participation in the call, please see Call Announcement and submission tool.

Climate change, biodiversity and global sustainability of animal production

26 August - 1 September 2023 -- LYON (France)
Joint International Congress on Animal Science co-organised by the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP), the World Association for Animal production (WAAP) and Interbull.
See eaap2023.org


September 19 - 21, 2023 at SALINAS Sports Complex - California, USA

19/06/2023 - See linkedin.com

Agritechnica 2023

12 - 18 November 2023 - Hanovrer (DE)
The World Agricultural Machinery Show is already sold out!
See agritechnica.com

La paysanne, 1875, par Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

01 - 03/07/2023

Young girl knitting, not dated, 19th century, by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

02 - 03/07/2023

Croptix platform

Discover the root cause using real-time data. Croptix is a precision agriculture platform that gives farmers accurate nutrient information and early disease detection. Traditional lab methods are slow and costly, often leading to missed opportunities for optimal crop management. Croptix provides farmers with real-time granular plant nutrition information and early disease detection, enabling growers to make informed decisions when they count.
See croptix.ag

Spring tips for Fieldmate users (NL)

The new growing season is just around the corner and you are obviously busy preparing. To perform reliable measurements in the field again this year and make use of the Disease Pressure and SprayEffect advice, we have listed some tips for you.

On the SmartFarm video channel, you can find videos with tips for using the FieldMate and SmartFarm app. One example is the rain gauge, to make sure you can measure rain properly it is important to check it before the season , see video check rain gauge.

Download the latest SmartFarm app with its New features
- New dashboard including disease risk
- Accumulations to calculate growing days
- Share sensor with your family or crop advisor

See smartfarm.nl

How did we see the future yesterday??
See the incredible collection developed by Alain Fraval

Archives of our newsletters in French and English
Voir Afia
Voir Efita



> What’s new in our Ag-drone buying guide 2023/2024?
Featuring 23 different drones for spraying, fertilizer application, and seeding, Future Farming introduces an impressive range of new application drones in its Ag-drone buying guide 2023/2024.

> Robotic lawn mowers: Harxon, Precision GNSS solution for robotic lawn mowers
The lawn mower market is vast, and robotic lawn mowers are gradually becoming the main development direction of the lawn mower industry due to their characteristics of simple operation,

> Drift from spray-drones: Research reveals how to cut drift from spray-drones

> Buying an AG-drone: ‘Get a professional opinion when buying a drone’

> Spray-drones: Drones Combat Powdery Mildew in New Zealand

> Drone swarm: Drone swarm is already a reality in Brazil

> Flying autonomously: Dutch startup uses AI to teach drone to fly autonomously

> Evtol technology: FAA approves new eVTOL technology Guardian SC1.

> Spray-drones: Savings on resources by spot spraying broad-leaved dock

> Drones and labor: HMC Farms, ag tech is about making jobs better

> Organic rotovator: alternative to chemical weed control
Last spring, many plots in The Netherlands turned very green. The changeable weather was an extra challenge for the organic rotovator to deliver good work. Sometimes a second treatment was necessary.

> NIR technology: Five years of practical experience with NIR technology
Dutch Agro innovation center De Marke has now been conducting research for five years into the accuracy of NIR sensors for determining contents in liquid manure.

> Soil testing: Regen Ag Lab opens DNA soil testing technology for farmers
A new partnership between Regen Ag Lab and Biome Makers makes DNA organic soil testing accessible to farmers in North America.

> Distribution partner: AgXeed: New distribution partner for Denmark, Sweden & Norway
Danish Agro Group has obtained the distribution rights of the Dutch brand AgXeed.

> Field robots: Exclusive report: Research reveals how to cut drift from spray-drones
Independent research in the USA reveals how using a swath offset for drone applications and the correct nozzle choice can cut drift to similar levels as a boom sprayer.

> Gene drive system: CRISPR/Cas9-Based Gene Drive Could Suppress Agricultural Pests
Researchers have developed a ‘homing gene drive system’ based on CRISPR/Cas9 that could be used to suppress populations of Drosophila suzukii vinegar flies.

> Odd.Bot aims to excel in early-stage weed removal
Dutch startup Odd.Bot has made progress in developing its precision weeding robot the past year. The focus remains on the weed control mechanism that can be combined with various vehicles and implements.

> BayWa r.e. powers Agri-PV development in fruit cultivation
A renewable energy project using PV modules above fruits has started construction in The Netherlands.

> Transformation: Bayer comes with short-stalk maize and a cover crop for oil production
Bayer Crop Science is spearheading the agricultural transformation with initiatives, including the introduction of a short-stalk maize variety and a cover crop that doubles as an oilseed crop.

> Autonomous tractor: Flemish ILVO builds first autonomous electric tractor
Research institute ILVO and mechanization company Verschueren converted an existing New Holland Boomer 45 tractor into a fully electrically powered, autonomous model.

> Soil testing: Regen Ag Lab opens DNA soil testing technology for farmers
A new partnership between Regen Ag Lab and Biome Makers makes DNA organic soil testing accessible to farmers in North America.

> Distribution partner: AgXeed, New distribution partner for Denmark, Sweden & Norway
Danish Agro Group has obtained the distribution rights of the Dutch brand AgXeed.


Jeune fille debout dans un tricot de porte, 1863, par Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

03 - 03/07/2023

Le retour à la maison / The Homecoming, not dated, by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

04 - 03/07/2023


> Tech Hub LIVE Announces NASA Keynote Speaker Dr. Alyssa Whitcraft
The Executive Director of NASA Acres brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise in the intersection of technology and agriculture.

> Topcon Acquires Finnish Industrial Radio Solutions Manufacturer Satel
Satel designs, manufactures and offers high-quality connectivity solutions that enable secure, mission-critical connections.

> AI, Electric Agricultural Machinery Highlight RISE Activities in Sweden
EU agriculture ministers recently visited RISE's test bed for digitalized agriculture in Uppsala.

> Drone Imagery Analysis to Help Increase Soybean Yield in Wake of Climate Change
Purdue to receive data on 1,200 soybean varieties from breeders in 11 states.

> Priva and Blue Radix Partner to Accelerate Autonomous Greenhouses
Both Priva and Blue Radix already serve a fast-growing group of joint customers with data and artificial intelligence (AI)-driven solutions.

> Global Ag Tech Alliance Member Spotlight: Intelinair
Working Together To Be The Driving Force In The Global Ag Tech Movement.

> Making Sense of Agrisolar in Sustainable Agriculture and Renewable Energy
The solar and ag industries can work together to make significant progress towards transforming food supplies and accelerating the transition to clean energy.

> What to Know About Bringing Electric Co-Ops to Farms With New USDA Loans
Here’s why farms should use the New Era and PACE loans to usher in more electric co-ops.

> Voices of Women in Ag Tech: Ambassador Profile on Carolyn Gunkel
We bring you exclusive insights from our inspirational ambassadors and other women leading the way forward in ag tech.

> USDA, NASA Strengthen Collaboration to Advance Exploration, Science
The agencies intend to explore opportunities to improve crop performance to meet Earth and space-based goals.

> Ag Robot Company Burro Forms New Partnership with Pacific Ag Rentals
Collaboration increases access to autonomous Burro robots across the U.S.

See globalagtechinitiative.com


> Guardian Agriculture nets $20m in Series A to expand precision crop protection drone technology, AFN, by Elaine Watson

> Exclusive: Innova Memphis raises $40m to bring the rural US ‘innovations farmers actually want’, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

> Biologicals won’t replace chemical crop inputs anytime soon. Here’s why, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

> Dairy farmers urge FDA to crack down on animal-free dairy milk labels: ‘It is preposterous and absurd to call this milk’, AFN, by Elaine Watson

See agfundernews.com

L'enfant endormi / The Sleeping Child, 19ème siècle, non daté, by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

05 - 19/06/2023

Petite fille disant ses prières au lit / Little Girl Saying Her Prayers in Bed, non dated, by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

06 - 03/07/2023

A first thought for today

No one has ever become poor by giving.
Anne FRANK, Holocaust diarist (1929-1945)

A second thought for today

There is always something to do. There are hungry people to feed, naked people to clothe, sick people to comfort and make well. And while I don't expect you to save the world, I do think it's not asking too much for you to love those with whom you sleep, share the happiness of those whom you call friend, engage those among you who are visionary, and remove from your life those who offer you depression, despair, and disrespect.

Nikki GIOVANNI, poet and professor (1943-).

A third thought for today

Words ought to be a little wild, for they are the assault of thoughts on the unthinking.
John Maynard KEYNES, economist (1883-1946)

A fourth thought for today

An idea is salvation by imagination.
Frank Lloyd WRIGHT, architect (1867-1959)

Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) from the Office for National Statistics for years ending December 1981 to December 2022

01 - 03/07/2023

Molecular and physiological basis of high photosynthetic efficiency for enhancing crop yield potential - Wenbin Zhou, June 20, 2023

With the growing population in the worldwide, food security is still a global challenge. As the ultimate basis of yield, improving photosynthetic efficiency has been considered as one of the most promising strategies to enhance crop yield.
Understanding the physiological and molecular basis of high photosynthesis efficiency is critical to achieve high yield in major crops. By comparing the photosynthetic characterization of high-yield maize varieties from 1970s to 2000s, we revealed that the high photosynthesis is the physiological basis of high yield throughout the variety evolution. Photosynthetic capacity of maize leaves locate at low and middle layers are the key determinates of yield.

Moreover, we identified a key transcription factor OsDREB1C by screening the response of low-nitrogen and light status. OsDREB1C conferred substantial yield improvement up to 68.3% in rice, which was driven by enhance photosynthesis and nitrogen use efficiency. Importantly, OsDREB1C shortens the growth duration by promoting early flowering of rice up to 19 days.
We further dissected the molecular mechanism that OsDREB1C coordinately regulate photosynthesis, nitrogen utilization and flowering, by activating multiple downstream target genes involved in those pathways. The conserved function of OsDREB1C in wheat and Arabidopsis suggested OsDREB1C can be a powerful tool to boost crop yield with less nitrogen cost.
See inrae.fr

Canada, the best, France good, UK bad

02 - 03/07/2023

In-Field Early Detection of Crop Health

Croptix is a precision agriculture platform for in-field early detection of crop disease and nutrition. We help farmers spot problems and detect nutritional deficiencies before they are visible. With our technology – faster and less expensive than legacy testing – farmers can make informed decisions that save money and improve yield.

Problem: Laboratory crop health tests are slow, expensive, and inconsistent

Farmers have better things to do than pluck leaves from their crops, stick them in a bag, mail them to a faraway lab -- and then wait weeks for the results.

Discover the root cause using real-time data. Croptix is a precision agriculture platform that gives farmers accurate nutrient information and early disease detection. Traditional lab methods are slow and costly, often leading to missed opportunities for optimal crop management. Croptix provides farmers with real-time granular plant nutrition information and early disease detection, enabling growers to make informed decisions when they count.
See croptix.ag

Immigration good for the Canadian Economy and good for Canadians

03 - 03/07/2023

Helping Every Grower Own Full-Field Aerial Application

>>> Better crop protection, accessible to all
Aerial application done right is better for crops, better for the environment, and better for growers' bottom lines. We're helping farmers own the ability to apply from the air with the only automated, electric, aerial crop protection systems designed specifically for large-scale agriculture.

>>> Safe
Aviation-grade features keep our vehicles operating safely over the farm fields they protect. Operators stay securely on the ground, their exposure to chemicals reduced thanks to precision application.

>>> Sustainable
Our systems guard the earth we share. They minimize chemical use (limiting waste, drift and resistance) while reducing reliance on fossil fuels.

>>> Insightful
Our technology captures comprehensive application data, making it fully actionable. These transparent insights (secured on US servers) enable growers to make continuous refinements and improvements.

>>> Purpose built
From the ground up, we designed our system for the unique world and needs of commercial agriculture. Everything from our batteries to our spray booms were developed to target chemical use precisely–from the tank to the leaf.

>>> Profitable
Our vehicles deliver superior, reliable crop protection at a cost-competitive number of acres per hour–and require only minimal training to operate. We guard the farmer’s bottom line, too.
See guardian.ag

Canadian Stocks Up

04 - 03/07/2023

Current conservation policies risk accelerating biodiversity loss, by Ian Bateman & Andrew Balmford, in Nature (land sparing more efficient than land share from many points of view)

Current conservation policies risk accelerating biodiversity loss
Over the past five years or so, there has also been more research aimed at designing tools that allow policymakers and other stakeholders to understand the wider consequences of a change in land use. As an example, one of us (I.B.) is involved in a project to examine the full effects of the UK government’s decision, in 2020, to fund substantial increases in national woodland cover to remove greenhouse gases18. The Natural Environment Valuation Online tool (www.leep.exeter.ac.uk/nevo), which will be used in this project, combines information from multiple disciplines to show decision makers how such a change in the way land is used will help to satisfy England and Wales’s net-zero-emissions commitments, benefit biodiversity, improve access to recreation and so on. The tool also shows the impact of changes in land use on domestic food production, which can then be linked to changes in land use and biodiversity globally.

The goal of research on system-wide impacts should not be to obtain ever more detailed sources of information about all the possible effects of a proposed policy change. Rather, analyses should be extended to the point at which the costs of collecting and analysing more data begin to exceed the benefits of more-informed decision-making. Such interdisciplinary studies and approaches that focus on the needs of decision makers must become the norm.

The stakes are too high for policymakers to continue to ignore the promise of land sparing when so much research demonstrates that it is a much more effective approach than many of the strategies being deployed. This issue has become even more urgent since last December, with the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s goal of protecting 30% of the planet’s land and oceans by 2030. Exactly how this 30% will be put aside (as large contiguous natural habitats or as a multitude of fragments), and how the world’s growing demand for food and other goods will be met from the unprotected remainder of Earth’s surface, will in large part determine the biodiversity consequences of this ambitious commitment.

Yet the story about land sparing carries an even broader message: unless researchers and policymakers assess the overall, global effects of interventions aimed at addressing biodiversity loss, climate change and environmental degradation, poor decisions that are unsupported by the data will at best under-deliver, and at worst exacerbate these existential threats.
See nature.com

More mothers die in Republican States that limit Abortion Cares

05 - 03/07/2023

Climate Change Challenge Crusades Must Not Risk Food Security, by V. Ravichandran, May 4, 2023

The “Farm to Fork” strategy is an important part of the EU Green Deal. As a farmer, I endorse the view that we should do everything at our command to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all spheres of our life to the best of our ability.

Farmers, due to the adverse impact of climate change, find ourselves in a tricky Catch 22 situation. Unlike other sectors of society, we the farmers have the most important obligation to feed the world. We must produce enough food to feed all and it must be nutritious.

Concerns about climate change fuels much of the EU’s ambitions in this plan. However, a lack of understanding of modern agriculture often places the blame on farmers for the problem of greenhouse gases rather than a solution. In fact, we tend to think and care about the climate more than most people.
See globalfarmernetwork.org

Au puit / At the Well, 1872, by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

07 - 03/07/2023

Les trois soeurs / The Three Sisters, non daté, by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen

08 - 03/07/2023

Zoox begins testing robotaxis on public roads in Las Vegas, by Rebecca Bellan, June 28, 2023

Amazon subsidiary Zoox has begun testing its purpose-built, electric, autonomous robotaxis on public streets in Las Vegas, the company announced Tuesday. Zoox says this marks the first time that an autonomous vehicle built without pedals or a steering wheel has operated on public roads in Nevada.

Zoox is starting small with a one-mile loop around the neighborhood where its Las Vegas facilities are located in the southwest region of the city, with plans to expand in the coming months. The initial route will test Zoox’s robotaxi on several unprotected turns and multi-way stops, as well as its ability to navigate roads with cyclists, pedestrians and other cars, according to a blog post.
See techcrunch.com

Gazette de vitisphere.com,
portail vitivinicole


Google DeepMind CEO Says Company's AI Will Surpass ChatGPT, By Jennifer Torres, JUNE 29, 2023
See cmswire.com

Generative AI: into the climate labyrinth we go, by Will Wells
See linkedin.com

Google’s “RoboCat” will power new general purpose robots

The new AI can learn multiple tasks on multiple robotic arms.
See freethink.com

Booming Mexican Beer Industry

06 - 03/07/2023

The 6 biggest threats to farming on a global scale; By Agdaily Contributors, May 12, 2023

If we could peer into ag’s crystal ball, what would it portend? Multiple challenges beckon, potentially fueling the perfect storm. In these dangerous times of food insecurity, the biblical Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse have assumed new titles. They’re the four “C’s” of climate, crisis, conflict, and cost.

Yet Murphy’s Law guarantees that anything that can go wrong, will go wrong — and at the worst possible time. Additional horsemen — consumption and cities — further vex us under a cloud of anxious uncertainty.

Fortunately, this is tempered by good news: three “C” modifiers — the Anti-Horsemen — that offer reasons for optimism.
See agdaily.com

The Rise of Marine Protected Areas

07 - 03/07/2023

Viewpoint: The difference between the science cited by academic researchers and activists? Peer reviewed, consensus evidence, by Stuart Smyth, June 13, 2023

This ‘secret ENGO report’ confirms that food prices are more important to people than food propaganda. Activist organizations are only capable of communicating false information if they are able to scare the public into donating to support their causes. Clearly, ENGO budgets are diminishing, given their radical strike terminology. Without funding, these voices of false information will disappear.

Scientific evidence and knowledge is accumulated over time. In the 30 years since GM crops were first produced, vast amounts of knowledge has been created, all confirming safety and benefits. ENGOs are privately admitting their false information has been constantly refuted by this evidence. If you support science, innovation and factual knowledge, I encourage you to support science-based organizations. If you have donated to an ENGO in the past and are frustrated by their continuing disregard of evidence, then please consider donating to organizations that do respect science and evidence. The public deserve access to factual knowledge and constant ENGO rejection of facts and evidence reveals their lack of ethical standards that are not deserving of your generous donations.
See geneticliteracyproject.org

Indian Stocks Are Outperforming

08 - 03/07/2023

Increasing agricultural productivity across Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most important problems this century, by Hannah Ritchie

Agricultural productivity across Sub-Saharan Africa needs to improve to reduce hunger, poverty, and the destruction of biodiversity.
See ourworldindata.org

Shadow Economy is rising in Russia

09 - 03/07/2023

Oil Spills by tankers
See ourworldindata.org

High temperature of North Atlantic Waters

10 - 03/07/2023

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Food Transport and Production Emissions

11 - 03/07/2023

Abortions in Illinois by Women coming from others States

12 - 03/07/2023

China best for renewable power generation

13 - 03/07/2023

Can CRISPR Cut Methane Emissions From Cow Guts? TED Audacious Project Funds $70-Million UC Collaboration for Health, Climate, by Clémentine Sicard April 17, 2023
ethane emitted in cow burps comes from gas-producing microbes in the gut. Engineering these microbes to produce less methane would help limit emissions before they are burped out.

“We’re trying to come up with a solution to reduce methane that is easily accessible and inexpensive, without restrictions or limitations, and that can be made available not only to California but globally,” said Hess.

Hess and Kebreab’s vision is to one day deliver oral treatments to calves to intervene in their microbial systems at an early stage and reduce methane emissions for the rest of their lifetimes. While this is hypothetical for now, early studies offer hope it could eventually become a global practice.

“Engineering microbes directly where they live, without the need to isolate them, has not been done yet because there is no tool to do it. Now, with UC Berkeley, we will be developing those tools,” said Kebreab.

Hess and Kebreab’s labs are pairing up their complementary expertise: Hess will test the microbial tools and biocontainment strategies developed at the IGI in a lab setting, then he will deliver findings and results to Kebreab to apply to the animals out in the field.
See ucdavis.edu

Wagner Group "Adventure" up to the suburds of Moscow

14 - 03/07/2023

Finland’s wolf population continues to rise, By Pekka Vanttinen

Finland’s wolf population has increased by 10% every year since 2017, with the latest estimates suggesting 310 wolves living in the country, according to a report by the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) published on Wednesday.

Likelihood of dying from breast cancer down

15 - 03/07/2023

China’s rising ‘rich world’ health problems

In China, the shift from traditional cuisine to an increasingly Western diet, with more processed foods and meat, is fast becoming a public-health concern. “China is beginning to look like the United States and United Kingdom, where we’re starting to get adolescents with [type 2] diabetes,” says nutrition researcher Barry Popkin. The government is making moves to promote healthy eating following a period in which it focused primarily on food security. “We have a saying in China: you get enough to eat; then you eat better,” says Jikun Huang, director of the Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy. “It’s step by step.”
See nature.com

How psychedelics reset the brain

Psychedelic drugs are promising treatments for many mental-health conditions, but researchers don’t fully understand why they have such powerful therapeutic effects.

Now, a study in mice suggests that psychedelics all work in the same way: they reset the brain to a youthful state in which it can easily absorb new information and form crucial connections between neurons. Researchers gave a range of psychedelics to mice, including ketamine, psilocybin, MDMA, LSD and ibogaine. The drugs seemed to reopen a ‘critical period’ in which mice can learn to associate socializing with positive feelings. “It gives hope that [critical periods] are not irreversible and a very careful cellular understanding of psychedelic drugs might hold the key to reopening brain plasticity,” says neurologist Takao Hensch.
See nature.com

Housing less expensive (not in Spain and USA)

16 - 03/07/2023

Gene hacking gives proteins new powers

Researchers can overcome nature’s limitations by tweaking the cellular apparatus that builds proteins from a genetic blueprint. Most life on Earth runs on just 20 amino acids — the building blocks of proteins — that are specified in the genetic code.
By tinkering with the way words in the genetic code are translated into proteins, researchers can insert hundreds of unnatural amino acids to give proteins new abilities. This could, for example, make protein-based drugs more potent or turn living cells into factories for plastic polymers.
See nature.com

Nations wrestle with how to share virus data

The ‘pandemic treaty’ — a global agreement that nations are hammering out about how to respond to the next massive outbreak — needs guidelines for fair data sharing, researchers say. During the COVID-19 pandemic, countries whose viral-genome sequences enabled vaccine development were sometimes slow to receive those vaccines, if they got them at all.
This situation could one day lead disease-affected countries to withhold crucial data. One solution offered by a group of African nations is to create a global fund where 1% of sales from vaccines and diagnostic equipment would be shared with low- and middle-income nations. Pharmaceutical firms have also offered to allocate a portion of their vaccines to these nations in return for sharing data. The committee drafting the treaty has less than one year to come to a consensus.
See nature.com

Central districts / Suburbs retail vacancy rates

17 - 03/07/2023

5 major regional agricultural belts in the U.S., by Brian Boyce Published: April 13, 2023

- The corn belt
- The wheat belt
- The cotton belt
- The rust belt
- The sun belt
See agdaily.com

A Bee’s Tale, by Chuck Dinerstein, MD, MBA, May 3, 2023

Bumble bees are prolific pollinators, vital in creating the crops we eat. A new study shows how co-evolution between the bees and the plants can reduce the deaths of bumble bees.
See acsh.org

Chemical production in EU down

18 - 03/07/2023

Technology Supports Sustainable Agriculture in the Desert – Global Farmer Network
This is what drew me to the UAE—and the construction of the world’s largest indoor vertical farm.
See globalfarmernetwork.org/

Crop One, Emirate open ‘world’s largest vertical farm’ in Dubai, by Christine Hall, July 19, 2022
See techcrunch.com

Weak Yuan

19 - 03/07/2023

Uber Rival Bolt Bets on AI Robots With Starship Delivery Deal

- Robots will handle Bolt Food orders in multiple cities
- Partnership will launch in firms’ home country of Estonia
See Bloomberg

Grain-flinging robot goes into granaries so farmers don't have to, by Ben Coxworth, June 26, 2023

While farmers have to perform a number of difficult tasks, tending to the grain stored inside grain bins (aka granaries) is particularly arduous – not to mention dangerous. That's where the Grain Weevil grain bin management robot is designed to come in.
See newatlas.com

1,2 million deaths per year on the roads of the world

20- 03/07/2023

Nestlé to walk away from ‘carbon neutral’ claims, by Dean Best

The world’s largest food maker says it wants to instead invest in cutting its greenhouse-gas emissions.
“We are moving away from investing in carbon offsets for our brands to invest in programs and practices that help reduce GHG emissions in our own supply-chain and operations, where it makes the most difference to reach our net zero ambition,” a Nestlé spokesperson said. “Our net zero roadmap does not rely on offsets. We focus on GHG emissions reductions and removals within our value chain to reach our net zero ambition.”
See just-food.com

Dangerous roads

21- 03/07/2023

Farmers on frontline as Dutch divided by war on nitrogen pollution, by Senay Boztas in Barneveld, 25 Jun 2023

Government’s buyout scheme is meeting fierce resistance from farmers in Netherlands.

Veal farmer Wim Brouwer sits on his terrace, an “emergency” red flag flying outside and his laptop open on a page revealing he is one of the Netherlands’ peak polluters, due to the nitrogen excreted each year by his 1,360 calves.

His business sits in one of the most intensively farmed parts of Europe’s most intensively farmed country, a huge exporter with more than 110 million livestock, including cattle, chickens and pigs.

Nitrogen compound emissions are a big matter in this small, packed country, becoming the dominant political issue over the course of a four-year crisis. Among other impacts, the crisis has hampered crucial housebuilding, because builders need nitrogen permits from a limited supply to cover construction emissions. The crisis has polarised social opinion, spurring the rise of a new rural populist movement and mobilising environmentalists who are desperately concerned about the state of wild habitats.
De Vries advocates building a sustainable farming sector, adding that while ammonia may have more local impact than NO2, nobody is talking about driving less or banning cars.
See theguardian.com

Air pollution deaths by region, 1990 to 2019

22 - 03/07/2023

Irish government looks to cull 200,000 cattle over climate concerns

First, Dutch farmers were threatened with compulsory farmland purchases to meet European Union emissions targets, and now, it’s Ireland’s turn.

According to reports, Irish government officials are discussing plans to cull about 200,000 cows because they believe it will help them meet climate targets. Like the Dutch’s situation, the scheme will include financial reimbursement for farmers who voluntarily give up their livestock.
“We’re the one industry with a significant roadmap, and, to be quite honest with you, our herd isn’t any larger than it was 25 to 30 years ago,” said Pat McCormack, president of the Irish Creamery Milk Suppliers Association, to Fox. ”Can the same be said for the transport industry, can the same be said for the aviation industry?”

The interesting piece to all of this is that, as McCormack noted, the Irish cattle herd hasn’t grown that much over the last 25 to 30 years. Meanwhile, the country’s dairy farmers have been focusing on multispecies grazing, methane-reducing diets, selecting for the most efficient cattle, and other strategies to improve soil health and decrease emissions in their herds, according to The Irish Times.
See agdaily.com

Oil spilled by tankers per decade

23 - 03/07/2023

Irish farmers revolt over plan for cattle cull to meet green target, By Jessica Abrahams, 3 June 2023

Officials in Ireland are proposing to cut the national dairy herd by 10 per cent – meaning a cull of 65,000 cows a year for three years.
See telegraph.co.uk

Agrifood Brief: What does a kilo of oranges cost?

While food affordability tops the list of concerns of European citizens, some politicians – like Spain’s right-wing prime ministerial candidate – seem to not look at prices that much (or even set foot in a food market).
See euractiv.com

Agricultural value added per worker, 2019

24 - 03/07/2023

Brexit to blame for rising inflation, says former Bank of England governor, by Kevin Rawlinson, 17 Jun 2023

Mark Carney says Bank’s negative predictions about consequences of leaving EU ‘proven to be the case’.

Brexit is to blame for the soaring inflation driving the cost of living crisis in the UK, a former governor of the Bank of England has said.

Mark Carney, who pro-Brexit figures said should have been fired for warning about the economic dangers of leaving the EU prior to the vote, said he took no pleasure in being proven right because the resultant hardship had been placed on the backs of millions of ordinary people.

“We laid out in advance of Brexit that this will be a negative supply shock for a period of time and the consequence of that will be a weaker pound, higher inflation and weaker growth,” Carney said.

Jonathan Haskel, a member of the Bank of England’s monetary policy committee, said private sector investment ‘stopped in its tracks’.

“And the central bank will need to lean against that. Now that’s exactly what’s happened. It’s happened in coincidence with other factors, but it is a unique aspect of the economic adjustment that’s going on here,” he told the Daily Telegraph.

“There’s no joy in saying, well, ‘we told you so’ because people are having to live with that reality.”

About a month before the referendum in 2016, the Bank of England – under Carney’s leadership – warned Britain could slide into recession if it voted to leave.
See theguardian.com

We should stop to cut the trees

25 - 03/07/2023

How the world can quit coal for good

Global strategies to quit coal must be tailored to regional realities, argue climate and energy-policy researchers Jan Steckel and Michael Jakob. They analysed 15 countries that are home to most of the world’s current coal power-plant capacity and where most new plants are planned to be built. They found that nations fell into four categories: those that are already rapidly phasing out coal; established coal users; phase-in countries that do not yet rely on coal but are actively building coal plants; and export-oriented regions. Each group needs specific policy priorities that would spur change in the most effective ways, say the authors.
See nature.com

Millions of people in Canada and the United States are suffering through abysmal air quality this summer due to wildfires

However, this unfortunate event should be understood as a window to the past, not the future.

Ever since we mastered fire, humanity has suffered from air pollution. Now, thanks to growing global prosperity, much of the world is moving towards cleaner air.
See humanprogress.org

Cereals allocated to, animal feed and energy, World

26 - 03/07/2023

Moral decline is an illusion

There’s no evidence that people are not as kind, respectful and trustworthy as they used to be. Decades’ worth of survey results show that people in 60 countries have perceived a general moral decline for at least the past 70 years.

But individuals’ evaluation of their contemporaries’ morality has remained largely unchanged. Biased memory could be a factor in maintaining the illusion: negative memories tend to fade faster than positive ones, which might help to explain why people believe that past morality was relatively high.
The fact that US residents of all types perceived declining morality surprised psychologist Liane Young, head of the Morality Lab at Boston College in Massachusetts, who was not involved with the study. “That pessimism about human nature is pretty common when people are making judgements about those who are not on their side, on their team. What’s interesting is that this bias seems to be more pervasive and doesn’t seem to be rooted in intergroup bias.”

So why do people think there is this decay? The authors speculate that it has to do with factors such as biased memory; negative memories tend to fade faster than positive ones.

Mastroianni says that the illusion of moral decline might have important societal and even political consequences. For example, a 2015 survey2 cited in his paper found that 76% of people in the United States agreed that “‘addressing the moral breakdown of the country’ should be a high priority for their government” — a view that could affect voting choices.

“The challenge”, Wheeler points out, “will be in getting people to accept that they hold this illusion, which is so prominent and widely held.”
See nature.com

Cereals allocated to, animal feed and energy, Low-income countries

27 - 03/07/2023

AI creates faster data-sorting algorithms

An artificial intelligence (AI) developed by Google DeepMind created algorithms that can sort data up to three times as fast as can human-generated versions. “We were a bit shocked,” said DeepMind computer scientist Daniel Mankowitz. “We didn’t believe it at first.”
The technology is based on AlphaZero, an AI for playing board games including chess and Go. But, instead of applying its combination of deliberation and intuition to choose the next move, it chooses instructions to add to a procedure.
See nature.com

A history of regenerative farming, The Savills Blog

Regenerative farming is not a new concept and, whilst the term itself was coined in the 1980s, some of the practices go back thousands of years.
See savills.co.uk

Cereals allocations in different countries

28- 03/07/2023

Svenja Flasspöhler, filósofa. “Decir ‘no’ es un signo de autonomía. Pero puede ser más fuerte decir ‘te deseo”, de Carmen Pérez-Lanzac, 26 Jun 2023

La pensadora alemana le ha sacado peros al MeToo y a la izquierda ‘woke’. Dice que si las mujeres dan con su poder sexual, el miedo hacia ellas se volverá deseo.

Svenja Flasspöhler, filósofa, siente inclinación por la controversia. Dedicó su tesis a estudiar la obra con tintes pornográficos del Marqués de Sade, donde afirmaba que, dado que Dios no existe, la única fuerza a la que los humanos podíamos aferrarnos era a la de nuestra propia estimulación sexual. Ella quiso analizar los vínculos entre esta idea y el sujeto moderno. En 2019 publicó La potencia femenina (Taurus), en el que criticaba algunas posturas del movimiento ­MeToo y abogaba por una feminidad activa, rechazando la mirada de la mujer como víctima. Y en marzo editó Sensible (Herder), en el que habla sobre la progresiva sensibilización social e individual y el límite de lo tolerable. La entrevista tiene lugar en un café de Berlín. Es una mujer potente y cercana de mirada turbadora. Teme ser malinterpretada. Las críticas, cuando las considera injustas, le hieren.

PREGUNTA. Usted dice que el sujeto moderno espera protección del Estado, de los demás, pero que a la vez no espera nada de sí mismo.

RESPUESTA. Veo una tendencia entre algunos a acusar y a pedir protección al Estado, pero ellos mismos no hacen autocrítica. Muchas mujeres no se paran a analizar que históricamente siempre se ha exigido que las mujeres seamos consentidoras, y que a resultas de esto algunas no muestran su deseo sexual o, en algunos casos, no saben negarse. En el MeToo falta este tipo de autorreflexión. Debemos meditar para empoderarnos a nosotras mismas y a nuestro género.

P. Escribe que la resiliencia es hermana de la sensibilidad.

R. Primero tengo que explicar lo que entiendo por resiliencia. Para mí, es una fuerza sensible y flexible que percibe lo que ocurre dentro y fuera, pero que tampoco se doblega ante la presión externa. Una mujer resiliente no se comportará pasiva y complaciente en el bar de un hotel si un hombre muestra interés sexual en ella. Tampoco rechazará las insinuaciones por principio ni obedecerá al antiquísimo cliché de la mujer burguesa que tiene que decir que no, ya propagado por Rousseau. Ella tiene una relación con su propio deseo.

P. O ser quien manifieste interés en el hombre, dado el caso.

R. Por supuesto. Esa es una de las cosas que me resultan más problemáticas del MeToo. No se abre la puerta a la posibilidad de que sea la propia mujer quien desee al hombre. Se concibe al hombre como el perpetrador, las mujeres son las víctimas. Y ya. Es como si la mujer siempre tuviera que decir que no. Decir ‘no’ es un signo de autonomía. Pero puede ser más fuerte decir ‘te deseo’. Para mí el MeToo no es una fuerza emancipadora, sino un peldaño en esa dirección.

P. Insiste en la responsabilidad que tenemos sobre nuestras vidas.

R. Cuando entiendes quién eres y cómo llegaste ahí, crece tu autonomía. Hay gente que culpa a las estructuras de la sociedad, pero olvidan nuestro poder individual. Yo viví en una familia compleja, mi madre nos abandonó por vivir con otro hombre. No fue fácil. Necesité psicoanalisis, fue mi forma de liberarme, de encontrar mi individualidad.

P. Usted llegó a desear que su madre sufriera por haberla abandonado. ¿Cómo logró perdonarla? Escribió un libro sobre ello: Verzeihen: Vom Umgang mit Schuld (Perdón: lidiar con la culpa, sin traducir al español).

R. Mi madre se divorció tres veces, tuvo amantes, tenía mucho deseo sexual, fue mucho más libre que muchas otras mujeres, pero no era responsable. Cuando vi que mis sentimientos hacia ella empezaban a cambiar y me vi un poco más cercana a ella, lo que me pregunté fue: ¿puedo llegar a entenderla?

P. Para poder ayudar a alguien, ¿hay que entender lo que siente?

R. La izquierda woke afirma que solo si un asunto te concierne puedes hablar sobre él. Sin embargo, los psicoanalistas no están concernidos por lo que afecta a sus pacientes y están mejor situados para ayudarlos. Es importante oír a la gente concernida, pero se necesita la perspectiva de la gente a la que el asunto no le afecta. Ojo: no me refiero a los perpetradores.

P. Al empatizar, a veces adoptamos tanto la perspectiva del otro que usted cree perdemos la perspectiva.

R. Nietzsche afirmó que cuando alguien es demasiado empático se pierde a sí mismo. El filósofo alemán Max Scheler dijo que cuando hablamos de empatía nos referimos a una especie de contagio emocional y que eso no es empatía, sino que estaríamos conmoviéndonos con los sentimientos del otro de una forma casi refleja. Y así, lo que consideramos empatía a veces puede convertirse en una agresiva agitación de masas.

P. Dice que deberíamos convertir en gozo el miedo de los hombres hacia la mujer.

R. Si analizamos el discurso de Freud, el miedo del hombre a la castración está ligado a la idea de que las mujeres carecen de pene. De esta forma, impotente y sin deseo, la mujer era —según Freud— una amenaza andante que había que quitar de en medio. Pero podemos elaborar un concepto distinto de qué es una mujer, uno en el que la mujer sea ella misma deseante y posea potencia. Entonces será posible que los hombres pierdan ese temor y reconozcan a ese alter ego femenino. De esta forma cambiaríamos miedo por deseo y gozo.

P. La cultura de la cancelación ha llegado a Europa. ¿Cómo deberíamos gestionar este tema?

R. Las instituciones están demasiado pendientes de las redes y del ambiente en la sociedad. Si ven que se puede avecinar una crisis reputacional, directamente cancelan la conferencia o lo que se tercie. Deberían superar ese miedo y ser resilientes. Si tienes miedo, solo te oprimes más y más.

P. ¿En qué momento diría que estamos como sociedad?

R. En uno de lucha. Se oyen muchas voces que reclaman derechos, su parte del pastel. En La democracia en América, Alexis de Tocqueville dijo que cuanto más igualitarias sean las sociedades, más sensibles se volverán hacia los privilegios existentes. Los conflictos que vemos hoy en día en todos lados son una señal de progreso; son necesarios.
Ver elpais.com

The Little Goat Herder by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen (1813 – 1886, German)

09 - 19/06/2023

Peasant Girl Carrying Wood And Flowers by Johann Georg Meyer von Bremen (1813 – 1886, German)

10 - 03/07/2023

Millions of people in Canada and the United States are suffering through abysmal air quality this summer due to wildfires

However, this unfortunate event should be understood as a window to the past, not the future.

Ever since we mastered fire, humanity has suffered from air pollution. Now, thanks to growing global prosperity, much of the world is moving towards cleaner air.
See humanprogress.org

Mental Health

Mental health is an essential part of people’s lives and society. Poor mental health affects our well-being, our ability to work, and our relationships with friends, family, and community.

Mental health conditions are not uncommon. Hundreds of millions suffer from them yearly, and many more do over their lifetimes. It’s estimated that 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men will experience major depression in their lives. Other conditions, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, are less common but still have a large impact.

Mental illnesses are often treatable, and the impact they have can be reduced. Despite this, treatment is usually lacking or poor quality, and many people feel uncomfortable sharing their symptoms with healthcare professionals or people they know. This also makes it difficult to estimate the actual prevalence of mental illnesses.

To support them, it’s essential to have good data to understand these conditions — how, when, and why they occur, how many people are affected by them, and how they can be treated effectively and safely.

On our overhauled page, we show data on the prevalence of mental illnesses and their burden, and people’s attitudes toward mental health.

Illicit Drug Use

Illicit drugs are drugs that have been prohibited under international drug control treaties.

International statistics typically focus on four different groups of illicit drugs: opioids, cocaine, amphetamines, and cannabis.

Excess consumption or dependency on illicit drugs can impact overall health, mental well-being, and in many cases, the well-being of others. Not all illicit drugs have similar impacts on health and well-being: some cause much less harm than others.

On our overhauled page, you can find key insights as well as all of our visualizations on illicit drug use. This provides a global overview of illicit drug use, dependency disorders, and some of their impacts.

LGBT+ Rights

LGBT+ rights are human rights that all lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and other people outside traditional sexuality and gender categories have. But in practice, these rights are often not protected to the same extent as the rights of straight and cisgender people.

Among others, LGBT+ rights include:
- Physical integrity rights, such as not being executed for their sexuality or gender and not being subjected to conversion therapies.
- Social rights, such as changing their legal gender, being sexually intimate, marrying, and adopting children with people of the same sex.
- Economic rights, such as not being discriminated against at work.
- Political rights, such as being able to advocate for themselves and their communities publicly.
- The protection of these rights allows LGBT+ people to live the lives they want and to thrive in them.

On our new page, you can find data and visualizations on how the protection of LGBT+ rights has changed over time, and how it differs across countries.

Hunger and Undernourishment

Having enough to eat is one of the fundamental human needs. Hunger — or, more formally, undernourishment — is defined as eating less than the energy required to maintain an active and healthy life.

The share of undernourished people is the leading indicator for food security and nutrition used by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

The fight against hunger focuses on a sufficient energy intake — enough calories per person per day. But it is not the only factor that matters for a healthy diet. Sufficient protein, fats, and micronutrients are also essential, and we cover this in our topic page on micronutrient deficiencies.

Undernourishment in mothers and children is a leading risk factor for death and other poor health outcomes. The UN has set a global target as part of the Sustainable Development Goals to “end hunger by 2030.“ While the world has progressed in past decades, we are far from reaching this target.

On our redesigned page, you can find our data, visualizations, and writing on hunger and undernourishment. We look at how many people are undernourished, where they are, and other indicators used to track food security.

Climate change and flying: what share of global CO2 emissions come from aviation?

Flying is a highly controversial topic in climate debates. There are a few reasons for this.

The first is the disconnect between its role in our personal vs. collective carbon emissions. Air travel dominates a frequent traveler’s individual contribution to climate change. Yet overall, aviation accounts for just 2.5% of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.

Second, countries have few incentives to reduce their aviation emissions. While domestic flights are counted in a country’s emission accounts, international flights are not, and don’t actually count toward the emissions of any country. In addition, other impacts — such as the increased warming effects of gasses at altitude — are not included in the Paris Agreement.

In this article, we expand on these points, and take a look at the key numbers on the role that aviation plays in global emissions and climate change.


Two hunters are out in the woods when one of them collapses.

He’s not breathing and his eyes are glazed.

The other guy whips out his cell phone and calls 911.

“I think my friend is dead!” he yells. “What can I do?”

The operator says, “Calm down. First, let’s make sure he’s dead.”

There’s a silence, then a shot.

Back on the phone, the guy says, “OK, now what?”


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