Efita Newsletter 1073, dated June 19, 202

Efita Newsletter 1073, dated June 19, 2023
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Châtenay-Malabry (FR - 92290), June 19, 2023

EFITA newsletter / 1073 - European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture, Food and the Environment

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Avant l’informatique / Before computers


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Noce bretonne : biniou et bombarde

01 - 19/06/2023


September 19 - 21, 2023 - Salinas Sports Complex - California, USA

19/06/2023 - See linkedin.com

La vieille rue Grivart au Petit Port

02 - 19/06/2023

How did we see the future yesterday??
See the incredible collection developed by Alain Fraval

Archives of our newsletters in French and English
Voir Afia
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> Horsch introduces its autonomous planter to the world
The German company Horsch chose Brazil to present its autonomous planter concept, the Gantry RO G 500.

> Drones: Vineyard Management: Drones Combat Powdery Mildew in New Zealand
Drones have emerged as a game-changer for wine growers in New Zealand, offering an efficient and sustainable solution to combat powdery mildew.

> Drone swarm: Drone swarm is already a reality in Brazil
The EA-30X-PRO has other important upgrades, such as sensors and radar systems for obstacle avoidance, precision, and operability, which increases flight safety and application efficiency.

> Evtol technology: FAA approves new eVTOL technology Guardian Agriculture SC1
Guardian SC1 is a drone and it is the first eVTOL have received approval for nation-wide operation from the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

> Drones: Dutch startup uses AI to teach drone to fly fully autonomously
What started as a student project has now grown into a real company MRR Drones.

> Field robots: Reducing herbicide usage dramatically with Farmdroid robot
Dutch arable farmer Pieter Risseeuw uses the Farmdroid sowing and weeding robot and reduces herbicide use by 90%. The machine is equipped with a spot spray installation and camera for weed detection.

> Harvest robots: Harvesting robot for cutflower gerbera picks up speed
The gerbera harvesting robot has improved significantly over the past year.

> Spraying Technology: Ecorobotix Introduces Ultra-High Precision Sprayer to North American Market
Ecorobotix has made a significant move by launching its revolutionary sprayer, ARA, in North America.

> Agro Innovation Lab looks for Robotics & Smart Implements in Agriculture, Wine & Fruit-Growing
Be part of the “Robotics & Smart Implements Challenge”; get the chance to present your innovation to a wide range of industry stakeholders and win prices such as exclusive sales meetings or scientific testing programs tailored to your solution. Apply now!
> Water needs of crops: Understanding the water needs of crops

> Coleoptiles wheat: Long coleoptile wheat a game changer for Australian growers

> Irrigation automation: Cane farmers near Great Barrier Reef are adopting irrigation automation

> Expert opinion: Sustainable water management: Lessons for farmers worldwide

> No-tillage: Scientist John Baker: ‘A lot of farmers are doing no-tillage wrongly’

> Water management system: Dutch farmer Klaas Schenk expands water management system

> Exclusive report: Research reveals how to cut drift from drones
Independent research in the USA reveals how using a swath offset for drone applications and the correct nozzle choice can cut drift to similar levels as a boom sprayer.

> Intelligent cameras increase efficiency in agriculture
Explore how AI-enabled industrial cameras support agriculture by enhancing crop monitoring, increasing yield, and conserving resources. Benefit from this intelligent vision system for effective, eco-friendly farming practices.
Find out more about IDS NXT and its user-friendly workflows today.

> Harvesting robot: ChatGPT-Based Robot Design Could Revolutionize Future of Agriculture
Researchers from TU Delft and EPFL collaborate with ChatGPT to develop a tomato harvesting robot.

> Electric weed control: Electric weed control can deliver results comparable to herbicides
Researchers in Western Australia are testing the XPower electric weed control technology from AGXTEND, powered by Zasso, under Australian conditions.

Precision seeder: Dutch Aventus students test AG Leader precision seeder
Ten students from the Aventus training institute in Apeldoorn (Gld.), The Netherlands, tested the precision seeder of the American manufacturer AG Leader extensively.

> Field robots: Horsch introduces its autonomous planter to the world
The German company Horsch chose Brazil to present its autonomous planter concept, the Gantry RO G 500.

> Future farming: Dutch startup uses AI to teach drone to fly fully autonomously
What started as a student project has now grown into a real company MRR Drones.

> Trabotyx field robot with customized mechanism for weed control
The new Trabotyx have a distinct appearance, but its weed control mechanism has also undergone significant changes.

> Harxon: Precision GNSS solution for robotic lawn mowers
The lawn mower market is vast, and robotic lawn mowers are gradually becoming the main development direction of the lawn mower industry due to their characteristics of simple operation, high efficiency, increased safety and high intelligence.

> Electric weed control: Electric weed control can deliver results comparable to herbicides
Researchers in Western Australia are testing the XPower electric weed control technology from AGXTEND, powered by Zasso, under Australian conditions.

> Camera: New camera recognizes blue tones better
The German company Lemken introduces the new camera control ‘IC-Light+’ for its Steketee hoeing machines.

> ChatGPT: ChatGPT-Based Robot Design Could Revolutionize Future of Agriculture
Researchers from TU Delft and EPFL collaborate with ChatGPT to develop a tomato harvesting robot.

> CHCNAV Opens Dealership Opportunities to Precision Ag Professionals
CHC Navigation opens dealership opportunities to precision farming professionals worldwide. Be our dealers in your region and grow your precision farming business with the affordable automated steering retrofit kits for tractors.

> Precision seeder: Dutch Aventus students test AG Leader precision seeder
Ten students from the Aventus training institute in Apeldoorn (Gld.), The Netherlands, tested the precision seeder of the American manufacturer AG Leader extensively.

> Challenge: UPL and Radicle Growth launch the Radicle NPP Challenge
UPL and Radicle Growth announced ‘The Radicle Natural Plant Protection (NPP) Challenge by UPL’.

> Weed or crop? Automate hoeing, spraying and harvesting
With intelligent cameras, producers can easily identify plants and keep a close eye on the right time to harvest. IDS Imaging Development Systems offers an easy way to get comfortable and execute AI on industrial cameras, thanks to the IDS NXT system.
Learn more about its benefits.

> Spray-drones: Exclusive report: Research reveals how to cut drift from spray-drones
Independent research in the USA reveals how using a swath offset for drone applications and the correct nozzle choice can cut drift to similar levels as a boom sprayer.

> CRISPR/Cas9: CRISPR/Cas9-Based Gene Drive Could Suppress Agricultural Pests
Researchers have developed a ‘homing gene drive system’ based on CRISPR/Cas9 that could be used to suppress populations of Drosophila suzukii vinegar flies.

See futurefarming.com

Bretons devant leur vieille maison à Penmarch, août 1923

03 - 19/06/2023

Mariage en Bretagne

04 - 19/06/2023


> Ag Tech Providing Solutions to Drought-Impacted Farms
Ag tech emerges as a vital ally for farmers facing drought, offering innovative solutions from efficient irrigation to water quality management.

> Yara Opens Digital Crop Nutrition Expertise to Third Parties
Over 100 years of crop nutrition knowledge will be made available to third parties with YaraFX Insight to help drive the transition towards more sustainable ag.

> Verdi's Personalized Plant Healthcare Platform Attracts Major Investment from SVG Ventures Pioneer Fund
Funding to help agtech startup scale operations in North America as it commercializes plant healthcare platform with food brands and their growers.

> Sustainable French Agribusiness Issues Blockchain-Powered Bond on Obligate
The bond will enable Lamar Olive Oil to gain access to capital at a much lower cost, enabling them to grow their sustainable agriculture practices.

> 25 Farming Robots Already Signed Up for FIRA USA 2023
Robots are today’s answer to the main challenges facing agriculture. And they will show up this fall in Salinas for the second edition of FIRA USA.

> The Future Is Bright for AgTech Investing
With all the benefits agtech has to offer, it’s clear why so many farmers are adopting it and investors are increasingly supporting the industry.

> Kynetec Expands Global Machinery Data and Analytics Capabilities with Acquisition of Systematics International
Systematics aggregates and reports machinery volume statistics for worldwide closed and open data exchanges.

> NCAT Supports Bipartisan Effort to Expand AgriSolar Research
Agrivoltaics, or agrisolar, pairs appropriate farmland with solar energy production.

> Intelinair Launches Updated Intelinair.com Website
Refreshed website provides new resources to AGMRI users.

> FarmERP to Boost Cassava Plantation With Tech-Enabled Platform
FarmGyan aims to unlock the true potential of the Cassava plantation for the farmers to improve productivity, profitability and predictability.

See globalagtechinitiative.com


> Nium raises $3m seed round from AgFunder, DCVC to eliminate Haber-Bosch from ammonia production, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

> Data snapshot: Agribusiness Marketplaces & Fintech continue to dominate India’s upstream investments, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

> How the Croptix platform is changing plant nutrition and disease monitoring, AFN, by guest contributor John Kempf

> Number 8 Bio raises $1.2m for novel enteric methane reduction technology, AFN, by Elaine Watson

> Exclusive: Nestlé invests in Latin American startups via partnership with the Yield Lab Latam, AFN, by Jennifer Marston

> What’s holding back agtech adoption in Latam? BASF’s director of digital ag weighs in, AFN, by Louisa Burwood-Taylor

See agfundernews.com

Is eating local produce actually better for the planet? By Cecilia Nowell, 7 June 2023
“Well-designed, inclusive, local food initiatives can have a positive impact,” said Enthoven. But she cautions that consumers can fall into a “local trap”, a term coined in a 2007 article by researchers at the University of Washington, if they “believe that the whole system should switch to local only, which is not per se more sustainable or inclusive”.

Although many local farms tout themselves as ethical alternatives to industrial agriculture, there’s no rule saying they have to be organic or worker-friendly. In fact, many small farms are exempt from paying the federal minimum wage and US Occupational Safety and Health Administration safety oversight and investigations.

Local farms can be important alternatives, especially when there are disruptions in supply chains, as occurred at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. But “we need a diversity of scale in our production system across product types,” said Hamm, especially as we look at ways to feed 8 billion people in the era of climate crisis.
See theguardian.com

Biotech teff and safflower get the green light from USDA
See agdaily.com

Mexico – Let’s Stop the Uncertainty and Embrace Technology, by Georgina Gutierrez, April 27, 2023

My dairy cows don’t have an off button.

They need a daily supply of food as part of a special diet that fuels them with excellent nutrition for health and productivity. Corn is one of their best sources of energy—and here in Mexico, we buy significant amounts of it from growers in the United States because my country doesn’t have the capacity to produce all the corn farmers and other industries need.

That’s why my government’s pending ban on imports of genetically modified corn is so destructive: It will hurt Mexican farmers and consumers as well as damage our relationship with our biggest and most important trading partner.

Mexico must reverse its present course and embrace the technology and trade that helps all Mexicans thrive.

The United States is a powerhouse of corn production. North of the Rio Grande, farmers grow huge amounts of it, relying on an ideal climate, rich soil, and the best 21st-century technologies. They harvest far more corn than Americans need, exporting about a third of it to foreign buyers.

That’s how high-quality and affordable corn becomes available to me, south of the border, where we in fact cannot grow enough corn to meet our needs. Last year, Mexico’s total corn production fell 38 percent short of domestic demand.
See globalfarmernetwork.org

Une riboteuse de Guéméné (lait ribot : lait fermenté)

05 - 19/06/2023

So God made a farm mom — a daughter’s tribute, by Michelle Bufkin Horton Published: May 10, 2018

Farm moms can teach us a lot about life and ourselves, if we will just listen. Trust: Trust in Mother Nature, God, the land, the markets, but most importantly trust in our family. Trust that no matter what, someone will be there when we need it. Whether that’s help with planting, with kids, or after tragedy, farm moms will be there with a plan and a casserole.

They teach us resilience. Farming is not all playing with livestock or riding in a tractor. It is hard work and stressful. Farming is not for the faint of heart. No one knows that better than the farm mom. But yet, she chooses to face each day with joy and hope. Monday is just another day to get things accomplished, not to dread. There is no reason to give up, because it is possible. It might be more work than anticipated, but as my mom always said, “A little hard work never killed anyone.”

But more than anything, farm moms teach us about love. A mother’s love is unconditional. I know because I have tested it (flashback to when I made my mom wear a cow suit). A farm mom doesn’t limit her love to just her children, but to their friends, to the land, to the livestock and to the livelihood. Farm moms work hard because they want better for their children. And what better life to live, than to grow up being raised by one of them.

To all the mothers and especially the farm moms, for these lessons, and so many countless others, I say thank you.
See agdaily.com

Nvidia et les autres / Nvidia and others

01 - 19/06/2023


02 - 19/06/2023

Le prix de l'alimentation ne s'arrange pas tout à fait / Food inflation

03 - 19/06/2023

Le boom de la construction aux USA / Construction boom in USA

04 - 19/06/2023

Men get promotions without asking for them

05 - 19/06/2023

06 - 19/06/2023

Global Inequality in Well‐Being Has Decreased across Many Dimensions, by Chelsea Follett and Vincent Geloso, June 8, 2023, Policy Analysis no. 949

- Introducing the Inequality of Human Progress Index
- Our index makes it clear that the world is better off than many people think and is also far more equal.
- To use the Internet reduces social inequality.

19/06/2023 - See cato.org

'Extinct' butterfly species reappears in UK, by Frank Gardner, BBC security correspondent

Blink and you could miss them - but mysterious sightings of an extremely rare butterfly have set the hearts of enthusiasts fluttering.

The species, previously described as extinct in Britain for nearly 100 years, has suddenly appeared in countryside on the edge of London.
See bbc.com

Small numbers of black-veined whites have been spotted flying in fields and hedgerows in south-east London.

To the non-expert, they could easily be mistaken for the common or garden cabbage white butterflies seen in Britain every summer.

19/06/2023 - See bbc.com

Sardinières (usine de mise en boite de sardines ?)

07 - 19/06/2023

Good news for birds: One-off injection may provide lifetime contraception for female cats, by Michael Le Page

The long-pursued goal of a permanent, one-dose contraceptive may have been achieved in female cats and it should work in other species too.
See newscientist.com

Genetically modifying T-cells cuts blood cancer progression by 74%, trial finds

Therapy slows multiple myeloma in patients who have stopped responding to other treatments, say researchers.
See theguardian.com

Our Youth are Terrified… So What! by Riskmonger, May 9, 2023
I believe my present terror was caused by the shift in the European regulatory approach (hazard-based, precautionary, citizen consultation-driven…). In a recent interview, I was asked what I would do if I were dictator-for-a-day in Brussels. My answer was that I would launch a White Paper on Risk Management. The present uncertainty management approach is weak, leaves Europeans unprotected and unable to manage risks. But it gives our youth everything that they demand.

I wonder what they will be demanding from our complicit leaders next…
See risk-monger.com

Gazette de vitisphere.com,
portail vitivinicole


When Apple announced its new Vision Pro headset at a recent conference, guests audibly groaned at the $3,499 price tag

Apple Vision Pro Is Half the Price of the Apple II, by Gale Pooley, June 7, 2023

It took almost 181 hours of work to buy an Apple II in 1977. The Vision Pro only takes 91.

That is a big number, but how does it compare to the prices of Apple's earliest groundbreaking products?

In 1977, the Apple II computer required 181 hours of blue-collar work to purchase. In 1984, the Macintosh took 212 hours.

At today's compensation level, the Vision Pro takes just 91.
See humanprogress.org

Large metro areas with strongest job grows relative to their states

06 - 19/06/2023

Less houses on sale

07 - 19/06/2023

Surprisingly, the World Is Becoming More Equal, By Chelsea Follett

Chelsea Follett and Vincent Geloso measure the global decline in income inequality in their comprehensive new paper.
See humanprogress.org

Why Are We So Gloomy? By Marian L. Tupy

Our evolved instincts are making us more anxious and depressed than we should be.

In a 2021 poll of 10,000 young people:

- 75 percent reported that the “future is frightening.”
- 56 percent thought that “humanity is doomed.”
- 39 percent were “hesitant to have children.”

What explains this gloom and doom? The trends paint an entirely different picture.
See humanprogress.org

Brazil's Economy better than expected

08 - 19/06/2023

Mother pardoned thanks to new science

An innovative science advisory panel has been instrumental in securing the release of Kathleen Folbigg, who spent 20 years in jail in Australia for killing her four infant children.
New genetic evidence came to light in 2018, indicating that there was a reasonable possibility that the children had rare genetic mutations that could have caused their sudden deaths.
A new inquiry was opened, with the Australian Academy of Science acting as a scientific adviser. It recommended scientific expert witnesses, and they spent time explaining the cutting-edge science to both the defence and prosecution.
“Science was heard in this case,” says protein scientist Michael Toft Overgaard, who was an expert witness at the inquiry.
See nature.com

JWST spots most distant ‘smoke’ molecules

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has spied a ‘smoke ring’ of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a faraway galaxy. The compounds, which are also found in soot and smoke, form near young, massive stars. Because the galaxy is so distant that it appears as it did when the Universe was just 10% of its current age, it must have been busy creating stars during that time. “It must have basically formed on overdrive,” says astronomer and co-author Justin Spilker.
See nature.com

Does brain stimulation boost memory and focus? Mega study tries to settle debate, by Emily Waltz

Analysis of more than 100 studies of non-invasive electrical brain stimulation probes whether the controversial technology works.
See nature.com

Carbon content cost higher than oil price

09 - 19/06/2023

Antarctic sea ice extent anomalies for each year from 1979 to 2023 (satellite-era; NSIDC, DMSP SSM/I-SSMIS)

Anomalies are calculated using a 5-day running mean from a climatological baseline of 1981-2010. 2023 is shown using a red line (updated 6/9/2023).

19/06/2023 - See zacklabe.com

Viewpoint: Hollywood anti-milk campaign takes a header into delusion, by Amanda Zaluckyj, The Farmer’s Daughter, April 21, 2023

Did you know that 9 out of 10 serial killers grew up drinking milk?

Yes, Switch4Good knows that’s a ridiculous statement. But it has plastered that message all over the greater Hollywood area on billboards and light posts. The plant-based activist organization wants people to believe that “Big Milk” has worked hard to sell us the lie that milk is good for us. And that lie is deadly, because it kills humans, the environment, truth, cows, and food justice.
- Milk isn’t killing humans
- Milk isn’t killing the environment
- Milk isn’t killing the truth
- Milk isn’t killing cows
- Milk isn’t killing food justice
So let’s recap. Nine out of 10 IRS agents drink milk. Nine out of 10 fraudsters drink milk. Nine out of 10 spam callers drink milk. And I’m willing to be nine out of 10 criminals drink milk.

Despite that, milk is still a fresh, healthy, and nutritious part of our diets.

See agdaily.com

High probability of recession

10 - 19/06/2023

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Le départ pour l'école avec le casse-croute

08 - 19/06/2023

Cancer mortality down

11 - 19/06/2023

Lower global inequality since 2000

12 - 19/06/2023

Impact of food aver cancer

13 - 19/06/2023

Large cost overruns of Olympics

14 - 19/06/2023

Exxon Market Value smaller than Apple one

15 - 19/06/2023

USA life expectancy

What’s behind ‘shocking’ U.S. life expectancy decline—and what to do about it

 U.S. life expectancy has declined to 76.4 years, the shortest it’s been in nearly two decades, according to December data from the CDC. Two experts from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health—Dean Michelle Williams and Ariadne Labs’ Asaf Bitton—discussed the problem on WP Live, a podcast from the Washington Post.

“The numbers are shocking,” said Williams on the April 10 podcast. She noted that younger people in America are dying at high rates than their counterparts in other high-income countries, and that that the U.S. also has among the highest maternal and infant mortality rates among upper-income countries.

Both Williams and Bitton said that much of the problem stems from the way the U.S. health care system is structured.
Williams pointed out that improving population health in the U.S. is not just the morally right thing to do but could also boost the nation’s economic and social stability. Bitton agreed. “Investing in people’s health shouldn’t be contingent until the moment that they drop in front of us and we take them to the emergency department,” he said. “It should be something that we start to do upstream because it’s smart for them, it’s the right thing to do for the economy and for the country, and it’s the right thing to do for our families and our neighbors.”

We know what to ear to increase our life expectancy... but don't act on it (DigitalFoodLab, University of Bergen)

Expected increase in LE for optimizing different food groups with diet changes initiating from various ages between 20 and 80 years of age.

Intentional homicides (per 100,000 people, Source: The World Bank)

> .07: The number of homicides per 100,000 people in Bahrain, the country with the lowest intentional homicide rate in 2021.

> 32: The number of countries that had an intentional homicide rate under one per 100,000 people in 2021.

> 8: The ranking of Slovenia, the least murderous European country, followed by Ireland at #10.

> the United States is #75 at 6.80 homicides per 100,000 people, sandwiched in the list between Russia and Paraguay.

> Overall, World Bank data shows a decline in homicides worldwide in the 104 countries surveyed. Since 1990, we have gone from a little over 6.8 homicides per 100,000 people to 5.6 in 2021.

See data.worldbank.org

How to code better with ChatGPT

Artificial-intelligence chatbots, such as ChatGPT, have impressive abilities: they can debug and annotate code, translate software from one programming language to another and perform rote, boilerplate operations, such as plotting data. Yet for all their apparent sentience, chatbots are not intelligent — and they must be used with caution. Researchers who have become adept with the tool offer advice for scientists on how to avoid the pitfalls. Bioinformatician Xijin Ge suggests that you “treat this AI as a summer intern” — hard-working and eager to please, but also inexperienced and error-prone.
See nature.com

Air quality and fires over north-east States

16 - 19/06/2023

Global Inequalities decline

17 - 19/06/2023

Thin Antarctic Ice

18 - 19/06/2023

Sri Lanka: regaining access to markets?

19 - 19/06/2023

Coinbase au plus bas / Coinbase down

20- 19/06/2023

La soupe des enfants, devant le lit-clos

09 - 19/06/2023

A first thought for today

War will exist until that distant day when the conscientious objector enjoys the same reputation and prestige that the warrior does today.
John F. KENNEDY, 35th US president (1917-1963)

A second thought for today

Stop fixing your bodies and start fixing the world!
V (formerly Eve ENSLER), playwright and activist (1953-)

A third thought for today
It is the people who scream the loudest about America and Freedom who seem to be the most intolerant for a differing point of view.
Rosanne CASH, singer-songwriter and author (1955-)

A fourth thought for today

After you have exhausted what there is in business, politics, conviviality, and so on -- have found that none of these finally satisfy, or permanently wear -- what remains? Nature remains.
Walt WHITMAN, poet (1819-1892)


10 - 19/06/2023

‘Harry Potter’ Author J.K. Rowling Mocks Johns Hopkins University’s Definition Of Lesbian As “Non-Man,” University Removes Entire LGBTQ Glossary

Harry Potter novelist J.K. Rowling took to Twitter to mock Johns Hopkins University’s new definition of lesbian that describes individuals as “non-man.”

For the past three years, Harry Potter author and feminist activist J.K. Rowling warned transgender activists are attempting to erase women. Around the three years anniversary marking the start of her feminist crusade, the Harry Potter author has revealed activist efforts have borne fruit at one of the world’s top ranking university’s Johns Hopkins.

Rowling shared to Twitter that the university’s LGBTQ Glossary defined a Lesbian as a “non-man attracted to non-men. While past definitions refer to ‘lesbian’ as a woman who is emotionally, romantically, and/or sexually attracted to other women, this updated definition includes non-binary people who may also identify with the label.”

While describing a lesbian as a “non-man,” the university described gay man as “a man who is emotionally, romantically, sexually, affectionally, or relationally attracted to other men, or who identifies as a member of the gay community.”

The university added, “At times, ‘gay’ is used to refer to all people, regardless of gender, who have their primary sexual and or romantic attractions to people of the same gender. ‘Gay’ is an adjective (not a noun) as in ‘He is a gay man.'”

Rowling reacted to this new definition tweeting, “Man: no definition needed. Non-man (formerly known as woman): a being definable only by reference to the male. An absence, a vacuum where there’s no man-ness.”

Following Rowling’s tweet, Johns Hopkins University has removed the definition from their LGBTQ Glossary page.

Instead, a message reads, “Johns Hopkins strives to create a campus culture that is inclusive and welcoming for all gender identities, sexual orientations, experiences and viewpoints, and we are committed to ensuring Johns Hopkins is a place where LGBTQ people feel supported.”

“The LGBTQ Glossary serves as an introduction to the range of identities and terms that are used within LGBTQ communities, and is not intended to serve as the definitive answers as to how all people understand or use these terms,” the university continued.

“Upon becoming aware of the language in question, we have begun working to determine the origin and context of the glossary’s definitions. We have removed the page from our website while we gather more information,” they noted.

What do you make of Johns Hopkins University changing the definition of a lesbian to a non-man to include people who call themselves “non-binary?”

LGBTQ Glossary by Johns Hopkins University
See Johns Hopkins University web site

Oil Spills

Oil spills are disasters that can have severe social, economic, and environmental impacts. They are the release of crude oil or refined petroleum products from tankers, rigs, wells, and offshore platforms.

These spills are most common in marine environments, but can also occur on land. They can have disastrous consequences for local ecosystems, and be expensive due to the loss of oil and the costs involved in their clean-up.

The number of oil spills and the quantity of oil that is spilled from tankers — container ships transporting oil — has fallen substantially in recent decades.

On our new page, you can find all our data, visualizations, and writing related to oil spills from tankers, for which consistent, high-quality global data is available.

But not all oil spills come from tankers. They can also come from other sites, such as offshore oil rigs and damaged pipelines.

The world’s largest (and most well-known) event was Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. This disaster was caused by an explosion in a drilling rig. The US Government estimates that 4.9 million barrels of oil were released (equivalent to around 700,000 tonnes).

Tracking non-tanker oil spills is essential, but we are unaware of any global, updated databases that include this. Filling this gap would be critical to global environmental data and monitoring.

Crop Yields

Improvements in crop yields have been essential to feeding a growing population while also reducing the environmental impact of food production. Increasing crop yields can reduce the amount of land we use for agriculture.

Crop yields might seem far from being one of the world’s largest problems. But, if yields and labor productivity do not increase, it will have far-reaching consequences for global poverty and the protection of the environment. For people and the planet, it’s one of our most important problems to work on.

On our new page, you can find all our data, visualizations, and writing related to crop yields.

Increasing agricultural productivity across Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most important problems this century

To grow food you need two things: some land and some of your time. Land and labor are two of agriculture’s primary inputs. To build a food system that works for people and the planet, humanity needs to achieve high productivity in both of them.

But across much of Sub-Saharan Africa, the productivity of both input factors is low.

In this article, we explain why agricultural productivity across the region needs to improve to reduce hunger, poverty, and the destruction of biodiversity — and why this makes it one of the world’s most pressing problems.

Europeans who see Russia as adversary or rival double in number since 2021

Survey reveals shift in opinion since Ukraine war and big majority favour EU increasing its defence capabilities.


A man is flying in a hot-air balloon and realizes he is lost…

He reduces height and spots a man below. He lowers the balloon farther and shouts, "Excuse me! Can you tell me where I am?"

The man below says: "Yes, you're in a hot-air balloon, hovering 30 feet above this field."

"You must be an engineer," says the balloonist.

"I am," replies the man. "How did you know?"

"Well," says the balloonist, "everything you have told me is technically correct, but it's no use to anyone."

The man below says, "You must be in management."

"I am," replies the balloonist, "but how did you know?"

"Well," says the man, "you don't know where you are or where you're going, but you expect me to be able to help. You're in the same position you were before we met, but now it's my fault."


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Contact: Guy WAKSMAN
E-mail: guy.waksman(a)laposte.net

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Do not miss the Virus Jokes in English and French

Blagues de janvier – février 2021
Coronavirus 1 
Coronavirus 3
Ant joke
Virus 1
Virus 3
Virus 5 
Histoires drôles de l'oncle Paul (Jamet)
Dernières histoires de Michel Gil-Antoli
Et encore... 
Et celles de mars-avril 2021
Special "Biblical studies"
Celles de juillet 2021 en français et en anglais, dont 17 sur le virus en bas de page)
Blague d'octobre 2021
Suite des blagues d'octobre 2021
Blagues de décembre 2021

Seconde vague 2022 de blagues
Celles d'août 2022 <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Coronavirus 2
Coronavirus 4
Virus et autres sujets
Virus 2
Virus 4
Virus 6
Histoires drôles de Georges Larroque

Les dernières histoires de Jean Pinon
Et encore

Tout sur le vaccin
Celles de mail 2021
Celles de juin 2021
Celles d'août

Celles de septembre
Le dico de Paul J.
Blagues de novembre 2021

Premières blagues de 2022
Celles de juillet 2022

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